The Geosphere Environmental Science 88% Flashcards

The top grafting technique allows for the introduction of new, quality litchi varieties. Optimum water–fertilizer management in rainfed agriculture is an important factor in improving crop productivity and the ecological environment under fluctuating climate conditions, especially in Southwest China, where seasonal drought and waterlogging occur frequently. In order to investigate the effects of different cultivation technologies […] Read more. Transforming apple production to one with high yield and economic benefit but low environmental impact by improving P-use efficiency is an essential objective in China.

Using condensate from air conditioning units as a water source is also becoming more popular in large urban areas. Many of them are smaller versions of larger agricultural and landscape sprinklers, sized to work with a typical garden hose. Some have a spiked base allowing them to be temporarily stuck in the ground, while others have a sled base designed to be dragged while attached to the hose. In modern agriculture, drip irrigation is often combined with plastic mulch, further reducing evaporation, and is also the means of delivery of fertilizer. Evidence of terrace irrigation occurs in pre-Columbian America, early Syria, India, and China.

Noting that the government had lengthy been plagued by redundant and ineffective IT investments, which normally ended up ??? Wasting taxpayer dollars, he argued that a shift to cloud computing would save a wonderful deal of money though also enhancing the government’s ability to roll out new and enhanced systems rapidly. Increasing the economical efficiency and sustainability of indoor fish farming by means of aquaponics. Sustainable solutions may often be less reliant on technology or on products, but rather more on knowledge and capacity building. They may not always tend towards the highest efficiency or highest yield, but rather reach a Pareto optimum of satisfying numerous societal and ecological needs; ones that are holistically essential for the system to continue existing and improving.

First, on-farm work (both own-account and wage) will continue to be a major source of employment in poor countries. In low-income countries, as in much of Sub-Saharan Africa, a decrease in the share of the workforce employed in agriculture cook inlet marketing group is still accompanied by an increase in agricultural employment in absolute terms. Given high population growth, the agricultural workforce is projected to continue swelling in the foreseeable future before it starts to decline .

Both systems rely on technology and automation, though what the humans are doing is much more complex. The robots are used to harvest crops, while humans are used to monitor and control the systems that keep everything running. The robots can harvest crops, while the humans are used to monitor and control the systems that keep everything running.

These can be business investors, governments, international development funds or even local farmers looking to utilize larger land areas (Cotula et al., 2009). These lands and territories provide food, material resources and often spiritual connectedness on which the traditional communities depend, but these values may go unrecognized by outside interests . The people-land relationship is a part of cultural identity; this relationship is often ingrained into language, practices, rituals, and history . Therefore, the loss of traditional lands, which are the socioeconomic and environmental space in which community life occurs, endangers not only the material basis of these groups’ survival, but also the preservation of their culture and heritage. This is also why many peasant and indigenous political movements, such as the Zapatistas, have actively used systems of agricultural production as the symbolic and material core of their fight against the influence of dominant, foreign cultures on their own .

These spillovers can lead to the expansion and birth of towns and the introduction of new firms and other economic and social organizations. Gender differentiated preferences may affect the farm-nonfarm labor transition, as well. A field experiment in Ghana uncovered evidence that traditional gender roles lead to a division of labor that causes women to prefer investments in non-agricultural activities . This finding highlights the need to recognize women’s preference to diversify into nonfarm activities in regions where gender roles preclude women from engaging in agricultural production. Arslan et al. echo this conclusion, finding that opportunities for wage employment contribute to the empowerment of young women and the rural economic transformation by speeding up the demographic transition.

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