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Uss Grouper Website

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Danielle Fletcher
• Tuesday, 26 October, 2021
• 15 min read

Test depth: 300 ft (90 m)Complement: 6 officers, 54 enlistedArmament: After shakedown in Long Island Sound, Grouper sailed for Pearl Harbor on 30 March 1942 to join the Pacific Submarine Force, which was to play havoc on Japanese shipping. Before departing for her first war patrol, Grouper was assigned to the submarine screen which ringed the area as the American and Japanese fleets clashed in the decisive Battle of Midway.

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(Source: en.wikipedia.org)

Contents

Patrolling the fringe of the fighting on 4 June, Grouper sighted two burning enemy aircraft carriers, but could not close for attack because of heavy air cover. On that day, she was strafed by fighter planes and driven deep in a series of aircraft and destroyer attacks which saw over 170 depth charges and bombs dropped on the novice submarine.

She then put in at Midway for three days for fuel and provisions before sailing on her first war patrol on 12 June. She torpedoed and damaged two Japanese Mary (civilian) ships before returning to Pearl Harbor on 30 July.

During her fourth war patrol (21 January – 18 March 1943), Grouper rescued an aviator who had been stranded on Range Island for several days; she also located several key Japanese radar installations in the Solomon's. In addition to her regular patrol duties, which harassed Japanese shipping and tied up valuable warships desperately needed by the enemy, Grouper landed 50 men and 3,000 lb (1,400 kg) of gear on New Britain to carry on guerrilla warfare; at the same time, she rescued an American aviator who had been stranded there almost three months.

This mission is depicted in episode 21 of The Silent Service, an American TV series that aired for two seasons in 1957 and 1958. At the conclusion of her eighth patrol, Grouper headed for the States and overhaul, reaching San Francisco on 19 October 1943.

After returning to Pearl Harbor on 7 January 1944 for additional repairs, the veteran submarine sailed for her ninth war patrol on 22 May. This patrol netted Grouper what was to be her last kill of the war, Kumanoyama Mary, which she sank in a night surface attack on 24 June.

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(Source: en.wikipedia.org)

She stood lifeguard duty during several air strikes and rescued seven downed aviators during raids on the Plans in September 1944. Returning to Pearl Harbor from her 12th and last war patrol on 26 April 1945, Grouper sailed the following day for San Francisco and overhaul.

She returned to Pearl Harbor on 6 August, but V-J Day cancelled plans for another patrol, and on 9 September, Grouper, in company with Too and Blackish, sailed for New London. These operations ended 5 March 1950 as Grouper entered the Mare Island Naval Shipyard for conversion to the Navy's first hunter-killer submarine “.

With the addition of a snorkel and extensive sonar and radar facilities, Grouper emerged from the yard on 27 June 1951 to pioneer in research on the deadly submarine-versus-submarine warfare. In this duty, she ranged along the East Coast from Nova Scotia to Florida, as well as participating in Caribbean exercises.

Her forward torpedo room was converted into a floating laboratory; work benches and additional berths for scientists were installed, and various types of sonar gear were added topside. Her duties as a floating laboratory took her frequently to the Caribbean and Bermuda, although she retained New London as her home port and engaged in operations there and as far north as Nova Scotia.

In December 1962, Grouper entered the Philadelphia Naval Shipyard for overhaul and modification to prepare for further work in this field. In November 1965, the submarine again entered the Philadelphia Naval Shipyard for overhaul and equipment modifications to increase her usefulness as a floating underwater sound laboratory.

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(Source: www.history.navy.mil)

At the beginning of 1967, Grouper was at New London preparing to resume gathering knowledge of underwater sound propagation. Up until the end of 1968, Grouper was still adding accomplishments as a floating laboratory to her long and outstanding record during both war and peace.

In May 1965 Grouper surpassed the record previously held by O-4 for serving the longest as the oldest submarine in the US Navy. The table below contains the names of sailors who served aboard the Grouper (Ages 214).

Please keep in mind that this list does only include records of people who submitted their information for publication on this website. If you also served aboard and you remember one of the people below you can click on the name to email the respective sailor.

After shakedown in Long Island Sound, Grouper sailed for Pearl Harbor on 30 March 1942 to join the Pacific Submarine Force, which was to play havoc on Japanese shipping. Before departing for her first war patrol, Grouper was assigned to the submarine screen which ringed the area as the American and Japanese fleets clashed in the decisive Battle of Midway.

Patrolling the fringe of the fighting on 4 June, Grouper sighted two burning enemy aircraft carriers, but could not close for attack because of heavy air cover. On that day, she was strafed by fighter planes and driven deep in a series of aircraft and destroyer attacks which saw over 170 depth charges and bombs dropped on the novice submarine.

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(Source: alchetron.com)

During her fourth war patrol (21 January – 18 March 1943), Grouper rescued an aviator who had been stranded on Range Island for several days; she also located several key Japanese radar installations in the Solomon's. In addition to her regular patrol duties, which harassed Japanese shipping and tied up valuable warships desperately needed by the enemy, Grouper landed 50 men and 3,000 lb (1,400 kg) of gear on New Britain to carry on guerrilla warfare; at the same time, she rescued an American aviator who had been stranded there almost three months.

At the conclusion of her eighth patrol, Grouper headed for the States and overhaul, reaching San Francisco on 19 October 1943. After returning to Pearl Harbor on 7 January 1944 for additional repairs, the veteran submarine sailed for her ninth war patrol on 22 May.

This patrol netted Grouper what was to be her last kill of the war, Kumanoyama Mary, which she sank in a night surface attack on 24 June. She stood lifeguard duty during several air strikes and rescued seven downed aviators during raids on the Plans in September 1944.

Returning to Pearl Harbor from her 12th and last war patrol on 26 April 1945, Grouper sailed the following day for San Francisco and overhaul. She returned to Pearl Harbor on 6 August, but V-J Day cancelled plans for another patrol, and on 9 September, Grouper, in company with Too and Blackish, sailed for New London.

These operations ended 5 March 1950 as Grouper entered the Mare Island Naval Shipyard for conversion to the Navy's first “hunter-killer” submarine. With the addition of a snorkel and extensive sonar and radar facilities, Grouper emerged from the yard on 27 June 1951 to pioneer in research on the deadly submarine-versus-submarine warfare.

(Source: www.history.navy.mil)

In this duty, she ranged along the East Coast from Nova Scotia to Florida, as well as participating in Caribbean exercises. She also went 3 trips to Bermuda and had one brief stop in Havana (Cuba), (Bournemouth England), and (Le Havre France). In the fall of 1957, she then participated in NATO maneuvers.

Grouper was reclassified AG(SS)-214, 17 May 1958, and on 28 November 1959 she entered the Portsmouth Navy Yard for extensive modification. Her forward torpedo room was converted into a floating laboratory; work benches and additional berths for scientists were installed, and various types of sonar gear were added topside.

Her duties as a floating laboratory took her frequently to the Caribbean and Bermuda, although she retained New London as her home port and engaged in operations there and as far north as Nova Scotia. In December 1962, Grouper entered the Philadelphia Naval Shipyard for overhaul and modification to prepare for further work in this field.

In November 1965, the submarine again entered the Philadelphia Naval Shipyard for overhaul and equipment modifications to increase her usefulness as a floating underwater sound laboratory. Grouper was launched by the Electric Boat Co., Proton, Conn., 27 October 1941; sponsored by Mrs. Albert F. Church; and commissioned at New London 12 February 1942, Lt. Comdr.

After shakedown in Long Island Sound, Grouper sailed for Pearl Harbor 30 March 1942 to join the Pacific Submarine Force which was to play havoc on Japanese shipping. Before departing for her first war patrol, Grouper was assigned to the submarine screen which ringed the area as the American and Japanese fleets clashed in the decisive Battle of Midway.

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(Source: www.pinterest.com)

Patrolling the fringe of the fighting 4 June, Grouper sighted two burning enemy carriers, but could not close for attack because of heavy air cover. On that day she was strafed by fighter planes and driven deep in a series of aircraft and destroyer attacks which saw over 170 depth charges and bombs dropped on the novice submarine.

During her fourth war patrol (21 January-18 March 1943) Grouper rescued an aviator stranded on Range Island for several days and located several key Japanese radar installations in the Solomon's. In addition to her regular patrol duties, which harassed Japanese shipping and tied up valuable warships desperately needed by the enemy, Grouper landed 50 men and 3,000 pounds of gear on New Britain Island to carry on guerrilla warfare and at the same time rescued an American aviator stranded there almost 3 months.

This patrol netted Grouper what was to be her last kill of the war, Kumanoyama Mary, which she sank in a night surface attack 24 June. She returned to Pearl Harbor 6 August, but V-J Day cancelled plans for another patrol, and on 9 September Grouper in company with Too and Blackish, sailed for New London.

These operations ended 5 March 1950 as Grouper entered the Mare Island shipyard for conversion to the Navy's first “killer” submarine. With the addition of a snorkel and extensive sonar and radar facilities, Grouper emerged from the yard 27 June 1951 to pioneer in research on the deadly submarine-versus-submarine warfare.

Her forward torpedo room was converted into a floating laboratory, work benches and additional berths for scientists were installed, and various types of sonar gear were added topside. Her duties as a floating laboratory took her frequently to the Caribbean and Bermuda, although she retained New London as her home port and engaged in operations there and as far north as Nova Scotia.

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(Source: www.invaluable.com)

In November 1965 the submarine again entered the Philadelphia Naval Shipyard for overhaul and equipment modifications to increase her usefulness as a floating underwater sound laboratory. Navy The US Navy Type Submarine Class NATO Pennant 214 Built by Electric Boat Co. (Proton, Connecticut, U.S.A.) Ordered 12 Jun 1940 Laid down 28 Dec 1940 Launched 27 Oct 1941 Commissioned 12 Feb 1942 End service 2 Dec 1968 History Converted to Hunter-Killer Submarine Mare Island Navy Yard, Vallejo, California from 5 March 1950 to 2 January 1951 and predesignated SSK-214 upon completion.

Duke, USN) shifted from New London, Connecticut for Newport, Rhode Island for torpedo trials. 6 Mar 1942 With her torpedo trials completed, Grouper (Lt. Cdr.

Duke, USN), returned to New London, Connecticut from Newport, Rhode Island. Duke, USN) departed New London, Connecticut for Coco Solo, Panama Canal Zone.

Duke, USN) departed Balboa, Panama Canal Zone for Pearl Harbor. Duke, USN) arrived at Pearl Harbor from Balboa, Panama Canal Zone.

Duke) torpedoed and damaged the Japanese oiler Conan Mary No.3 (19209 Get) east of the Benin Islands in position 28°46'N, 136°36'E. Duke) ended her 1st war patrol at Pearl Harbor.

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(Source: www.ebay.com)

McGregor) torpedoed and sank the Japanese merchant Tone Mary (4070 Get) in the East China Sea, east of Shanghai, China in position 31°18'N, 123°27'E. McGregor) torpedoed and sank the Japanese troop transport Lisbon Mary (7053 Get) about 20 nautical miles north of Chauhan Island, China in position 29°57'N, 122°56'E.

She was ordered to patrol in the Solomon Islands area. McGregor) torpedoed and sank the Japanese passenger-cargo ship Banding Mary (4003 Get) about 15 nautical miles northwest of Cape Henan, Burka Island, Solomon Islands in position 04°54'S, 154°17'E.

Hotel, Grouper carried out three patrols with no results before returning to Pearl Harbor. Whaling) torpedoed and sank the Japanese transport ship Kansan Mary (2857 Get) and the Japanese tanker Name Mary No.6 (834 Get) south of Yokosuka, Japan in position 34°45'N, 139°30'E.

9 Aug 1944 During 9 and 10 August 1944, USS Baya (CDR. A.H. Holt, USN), conducted exercises off Pearl Harbor together with USS Canfield (Lt. Cdr.

U. S. Submarines in World War II Emmett, Larry and Aegis, Margaret As an Amazon Associate boat.net earns a commission from qualifying purchases.

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Shakedown cruise in Long Island Sound, then departed for Pearl Harbor on March 30, 1942, to join the Pacific Submarine Force. On June 4, 1942, Grouper patrolled at the fringe of the Battle of Midway and sighted two burning enemy aircraft carriers, but could not close to attack due to enemy air cover and was strafed by fighters and forced to dive deep to escape and destroyers that dropped over 170 depth charges and bombs dropped onto the submarine.

Later, it was later learned the ship was s transporting 1,800 Commonwealth prisoners from Hong Kong with over 800 dead in the sinking. On February 10, 1943, rescued 1st Lt. Lawrence R. Medulla who bailed out from P-39 Airacobra fifteen days earlier and managed to reach Range Island.

Afterwards, the submarine located several Japanese radar installations in the Solomon Islands and returned from the patrol on March 18, 1943 Seventh War Patrol On September 28, 1943, landed 43 men and 3,000 pounds of gear on New Britain to support coast watcher Malcolm Wright and rescued Captain Arthur L. Post who bailed out from F-5A Lightning 42-13070 and was being hidden by the coast watcher for three months awaiting rescue.

On October 13, 1943, departed bound for San Francisco and entered dry dock at Hunter's Point Naval Dry docks for a major overhaul. On March 6, 1944, arrived at Midway to refuel, replace a battery and take on fresh water before departing the next day bound for her patrol area.

On April 28, 1944, completed her eight war patrol at Majuro Lagoon mooring alongside USS Sperry (AS-12). On June 24, 1944, sank Kumanoyama Mary during a night surface attack, this was the last ship this submarine sunk during the Pacific War.

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(Source: www.ebay.co.uk)

She stood lifeguard duty during several air strikes and rescued seven downed aviators during raids on the Paley in September 1944. Returning to Pearl Harbor from her 12th war patrol 26 April 1945, Grouper sailed for San Francisco and overhaul the following day.

Post War In September 1945, Grouper, Too and Blackish departed for New London, CT. Afterwards, conducted four years of local operations and training along the coast to Florida and in the Caribbean Sea.

These operations ended 5 March 1950 as Grouper entered the Mare Island Naval Shipyard for conversion to the Navy's first “hunter-killer” submarine. With the addition of a snorkel and extensive sonar and radar facilities, Grouper emerged from the yard 27 June 1951 to pioneer in research on the deadly submarine-versus-submarine warfare.

In this duty she ranged along the East Coast from Nova Scotia to Florida as well as participating in Caribbean exercises. Grouper was reclassified AG(SS)-214, 17 May 1958, and on 28 November 1959 she entered the Portsmouth Navy Yard for extensive modification.

Her forward torpedo room was converted into a floating laboratory, work benches and additional berths for scientists were installed, and various types of sonar gear were added topside. Her duties as a floating laboratory took her frequently to the Caribbean and Bermuda, although she retained New London as her home port and engaged in operations there and as far north as Nova Scotia.

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(Source: www.cgtrader.com)

In December 1962 Grouper entered the Philadelphia Naval Shipyard for overhaul and modification to prepare for further work in this field. Grouper left the Philadelphia Naval Shipyard in May 1963 to resume her investigation of waterborne sound.

In November 1965 the submarine again entered the Philadelphia Naval Shipyard for overhaul and equipment modifications to increase her usefulness as a floating underwater sound laboratory. At the beginning of 1967 Grouper was at New London preparing to resume the study of sound propagation underwater.

Over 1800 allied Prisoners of War were crammed into the three holds of the Lisbon Mary. The Japanese are now sending their students and teachers from schools, colleges, and universities over here to the UK to be lectured and educated by former British Prisoners of War, about the atrocities committed by the Japanese Imperial Army.

Below is an account by Jack Hughes who survived the “Lisbon Mary”. “We were invited to London during July to meet up with a party of Japanese school children, University students, and teachers who were over here to obtain as much information as possible, about the atrocities meted out to Prisoners of War in the Far East during the last War.

The initial program was for three days with expos giving lectures of their experiences, followed by questions from the Japanese. Their determination to get the truth in every detail, taking notes for their return to their respective Schools/Universities made it all worthwhile.

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The atmosphere was, for some time quite tense, particularly when, through an interpreter, they told their side of the story, most of which tallied up with ours. The ex Army Officer was on his knees crying and pleading guilty and asking for forgiveness.

The ex Naval Officer spoke of the number of times he had to witness the terrible atrocities carried out by the Army as his ship handed back prisoners picked up at sea. The beatings and torture he saw as the prisoners landed on the quay side from his ship still lived with him”.

In the Annals of modern warfare the sinking of the “Lisbon Mary”, as a result of which over 1000 officers and men lost their lives, does not perhaps rate very high as a horror story. But it stands out as an unnecessary killing, of callous disregard for human lives which could have been saved.

The newspaper account of the War Crimes trials of the Japanese responsible; extracts from the log book of USS Grouper which torpedoed the “Lisbon Mary”; newspaper accounts of the presentation to the Sing pan Islanders who helped the survivors; The newspaper accounts of the Japan Times Weekly dated 20th October 1942; The Knight of Bushido by Lord Russell of Liverpool; personal accounts written at the time; and personal reminiscences. The official Japanese account quoted the survivors as voicing indignation against the American submarine which sank the “Lisbon Mary”.

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Sources
1 www.local10.com - https://www.local10.com/news/local/2020/10/30/suspects-caught-fishing-at-drop-off-mailbox-in-lighthouse-point/
2 www.usatoday.com - https://www.usatoday.com/story/news/nation/2020/07/18/polk-county-florida-killings-3-friends-fishing-trip-beaten-shot/5466681002/
3 www.outdoorupdate.com - https://www.outdoorupdate.com/category/fishing/saltwater-fishing/florida/
4 chucksguideservice.com - http://chucksguideservice.com/
5 floridakeysflats.com - https://floridakeysflats.com/
6 www.floridakeysoutfitters.com - https://www.floridakeysoutfitters.com/fly-fishing-school/instructors/Rob-Fordyce/
7 yankeecapts.com - http://yankeecapts.com/
8 seminole.uslakes.info - http://seminole.uslakes.info/Fishing/
9 www.fortmyers-sanibel.com - https://www.fortmyers-sanibel.com/discover/on-water/fishing
10 www.budnmarys.com - https://www.budnmarys.com/