DESCRIPTION: Gray or light brown with wavy markings on the side that generally do not form boxes or circles. Color deepens to dark brown shortly after removal from water.
GAME QUALITIES: An aggressive striker and hard fighter at all depths. Offshore bottom fishermen tend toward stout rods with 50- and 80-pound-test lines, but such grouper digging” rigs are strictly necessary only in very deep water.
Many anglers catch lots of Gags on spinning and plug tackle. Hard-lure casters use Deadhead jigs, mostly, while rollers rely on large deep-diving plugs.
Live bait fish of various sorts are the best natural offerings-try Pilchards, Pinkish, Grunts or Sand Perch (Squirrel fish). Dead small fish and large cut baits also work well.
BLACK GROUPER (Mycteroperca Monaco) Otherness : Monaco Ararat Again RANGE: Sometimes encountered in the deep Gulf and upper Atlantic, but common only in South Florida, the Keys and the Bahamas. HABITAT: Blacks of many sizes are commonly found around the edges of coral reefs, from about 30 feet of water out to the deepest drop offs.
Even big fish, however, may roam to much shallower patch reefs, especially in cooler seasons. SIZE: The largest of our Mycteroperca groupers, the Black frequently exceeds 50 pounds in weight and can top 100.
TACKLE AND BAITS: For all-around work, ocean gear with lines of 30-pound test or higher gets the call. One key besides a huge helping of luck is to hook the fish while drifting, instead of at anchor.
The drift of the boat adds to the power of the tackle and just might help drag the big fish far enough away from his rocky “hole” that he cannot get back. Pinkish and Pilchards are good too, as are Mullet heads and other large cut baits.
Best casting lures are Deadhead jigs, weighing from 1-4 ounces, depending on depth. Trolling over the reefs with rigged, swimming Mullet, feather-and-strip combos, and large plugs also takes many.
DESCRIPTION: Shows various colors, including two major phases, one of which would make it difficult to tell from the Black Grouper were it not for the bright yellow trim of the pectoral fins. SCAMP (Mycteroperca final) Otherness : Brown Grouper, Broom tail Grouper, Amadeo RANGE: Most plentiful along the Gulf Coast and roughly the upper half of the Florida Atlantic Coast.
Not common in South Florida and the Bahamas, where it is largely replaced by the similar Yellow mouth Grouper (next). HABITAT: Sometimes fairly close to shore, but generally sticks to deep reefs and ledges offshore.
Elongated rays of the caudal fin give the broom tail appearance. GAME QUALITIES: Outstanding on light tackle, but most are overpowered by heavy gear.
TACKLE AND BAITS: Sheer depth-typical of many Panhandle bottom-fishing drops-may necessitate rods and lines stout enough to handle very heavy sinkers. Deadhead jigs weighing 3/4 of an ounce to 11/2 ounces get lots of strikes with light gear-and if the bare jig isn't producing, it can be tipped with a strip of cut bait, or a whole small bait fish, and used as a bottom fishing rig.
Large diving plugs draw strikes in fairly shallow water-to about 50 feet. YELLOWMOUTH GROUPER (Mycteroperca interstitial is) Otherness : Salmon Rock fish RANGE: Most common in the Bahamas but found in South Florida, especially the Keys, and on Gulf reefs.
HABITAT: Occasionally on shallow patches, but more on deeper reefs to 120 feet or so near the edge of blue water. DESCRIPTION: Almost a ringer for the Scamp, except that the inside and corners of the mouth are yellow.
GAME QUALITIES: A tough fighter on tackle of reasonable size. TIGER GROUPER (Mycteroperca Tigris) Otherness : Monaco NATO RANGE: More common in the Bahamas, but seen fairly often in the Keys.
DESCRIPTION: Dark markings against a dusty gray background form vivid oblique stripes on the upper sides. TACKLE AND BAITS: Heavy spinning and bait casting outfits, along with light boat rods and lines up to 20- or 30-pound test.
Tigers will take a variety of artificial, including jigs and trolling plugs. HABITAT: Juveniles to around 100 pounds frequent mangrove creeks and bays of Southwest Florida, especially the Ten A Thousand Islands and Everglades National Park.
Adults can be found at a variety of depths, from holes and channels of coastal waters out to offshore ledges and reefs; also around pilings of bridges and under deepwater docks and piers. Juveniles are brilliantly marked with a series of irregular dark brown bars against a light brown or gray background, extending from head to tail.
Numerous black spots are usually present as well on head, sides and fins. Adults have the same pattern but in more subdued shades of brown that are not so brilliantly contrasted.
The tail is round, as are the posterior, dorsal, anal and pectoral fins. FOOD VALUE: Small ones excellent and big ones darn good which was the main reason for their precipitous decline and total closure in Florida in the 1980s.
Some very big ones have been caught on very light lines in shallow water after being coaxed away from obstructions, but the giant Jewish around deep wrecks defy the heaviest sporting tackle. TACKLE AND BAITS: Bait casting, spinning and even fly tackle make acceptable matchups for the inshore fish, which will and often do hit the full range of lures and flies that are used by Shook casters.
WARSAW GROUPER (Epimetheus nitrites) Otherness : Giant Grouper, Black Jewish, Garuda Neurite RANGE: All Florida coasts, Atlantic and Gulf, but not reported from the Bahamas. Party boats working offshore waters of the state's upper half both Gulf and Atlantic seem to bring in Warsaw's more often than elsewhere.
Large specimens (which most are) can be somewhat coarse unless the fillets are cut into thin steaks for frying or baking. GAME QUALITIES: Great strength is the hallmark of the Warsaw's fighting arsenal, and the angler who gets one on a manual rod and reel will know he's been in a tug-of-war.
TACKLE AND BAITS: Only the heaviest rods, large reels and lines testing 80 pounds or more are really adequate. Catches on lighter tackle are opportunistic and rare, and usually of the smaller specimens.
Fairly large whole fish, or halved bonito and other hefty cut baits are all productive whenever they can be dropped to within gulping range of a Warsaw. RED GROUPER (Epimetheus Mario) Otherness : Hero, China De Vivero RANGE: Common throughout Florida; also present in the Bahamas and common in some areas.
HABITAT: Widely distributed from close inshore in many areas of Florida to ledges and wrecks in up to 300 or so feet of water. DESCRIPTION: Overall light or rusty red with whitish spots and large blotches.
No black mark on caudal peduncle fleshy area between tail and posterior dorsal fin. Although Reds will “hole up” like other Groupers, many are hooked on light and fairly light tackle in areas where cover is well scattered, and this gives them the chance to demonstrate their toughness to best advantage.
They are ready strikers on Deadhead jigs, fished with light tackle. HABITAT: Prefers coral reefs, and probably does not roam into water much deeper than 120 feet or so.
In the Islands, small specimens are common over inshore patches, and also in creeks and channels. DESCRIPTION: Looks much like the Red Grouper in shape and pattern, although the basic coloration tends more to brown or gray than reddish.
FOOD VALUE: Small ones are excellent; fish over 10 pounds are almost as good, but harvest is currently prohibited in Florida. TACKLE AND BAITS: Most are caught by potluck reef or creek fishermen on light ocean gear or stout bait casting and spinning outfits-all using lines of 12-20 pounds.
Cut fish, conch or squid all make good baits, and Nassau's will also strike jigs, spoons and underwater or surface plugs. Bigger fish on rough coral reefs require heavy tackle for bottom-fishing, and can also be caught by trolling with feather-and-strip baits or with large swimming plugs.
RED HIND (Epimetheus Gustavus) Otherness : Strawberry, Sandwich Grouper, Cabrillo, Sofia RANGE: Very plentiful on Bahamas reefs in 40-80 feet. Caudal, anal and posterior dorsal fins edged in black.
TACKLE AND BAITS: In some reef areas of the Bahamas, Red Hinds can be caught to the point of boredom by drifting and bouncing the bottom with jigs. ROCK HIND (Epimetheus ascensions) Otherness : Rock Cod, Cabre Morey, Hero Cabrillo RANGE: Widespread in Florida and the Bahamas, often in company with the Red Hind, but usually less plentiful in southern portions of the range.
DESCRIPTION: The Rock Hind is mostly brown or tan in background color. Has spots similar to those of the Red Hind, but also is marked by large, dark blotches on the upper sides usually two, but often more.
SIZE: About the same as the Red Hind, but maximum may be slightly larger to 8 or 9 pounds. CONEY (Epimetheus Julius) Otherness : Golden Coney, Golden Grouper, Cultivar, Crunch RANGE: South Florida, Bahamas and Caribbean.
DESCRIPTION: A very small Grouper, the Coney is seen in various color phases, including vivid yellow, gold-and-brown, red-and-brown. Grassy (Epimetheus orientates) Otherness : Enable, Cuba Cabrillo RANGE: South Florida, Bahamas and Caribbean.
GAME QUALITIES: Aggressive striker, sometimes on surprisingly large lures, but too small to put up a fight. TACKLE AND BAITS: Like the Coney, a common reef catch when small hooks are used.
SPECKLED HIND (Epimetheus drummondhayi) Otherness : Kitty Mitchell, Calico Grouper RANGE: Both coasts of Florida, but most often caught in the Keys and this is probably because of heavy fishing around well-known seamounts or “humps,” particularly off the Keys towns of Marathon and Islamabad. DESCRIPTION: Generally dark gray or reddish brown, with a profusion of small, creamy or white spots on sides, gill covers and fins.
It is theorized that the great pressures under which they live helps make the flesh more succulent. GAME QUALITIES: Seldom caught on sporting gear, but when they are especially if that gear is a reasonably light outfit, the fight begins strong but diminishes fast as the fish is brought higher in the water column.
MARBLED GROUPER (Epimetheus INERIS) RANGE: Bahamas and South Florida. DESCRIPTION: Dark brown or charcoal with numerous white spots.
TACKLE AND BAITS: Power reels and cut bait fish or squid. SNOWY GROUPER (Epimetheus hiatus) Otherness : Golden Grouper RANGE: Occurs in deep water throughout Florida and the Western Bahamas; probably Eastern Bahamas as well.
Likes rocky areas, wrecks, channels with hard bottom, jetties, deep holes in grass flats. DESCRIPTION: Color is generally black or charcoal, with blue highlights and tiny white spots or stripes on dorsal fin.
The flesh is mild and white but, sadly, most Sea Bass caught these days are too small to be worthwhile. The occasional outsize specimen should be filleted and skinned, but take care when doing so, because gill covers are sharp and so are the spines.
GAME QUALITIES: A hard and willing striker on both natural baits and a variety of artificial lures. Sea Bass greedily hit live or dead shrimp and all sorts of cut baits, along with live small bait fish and artificial jigs and underwater plugs.
SAND PERCH (Di plectrum Formosa) Otherness : Coral Snapper, Squirrel fish, Solo RANGE: Both coasts of Florida, north to south. HABITAT: Sand Perch are found from bays and shorelines to well offshore over a variety of bottoms.
They seem to prefer rather open bottom with patches of grass or scattered rock, and they also like deep channels. DESCRIPTION: Slender, cylindrical shape, with large mouth and wide tail.
Color is tan with brown vertical bars or blotches, and full-length horizontal lines of blue and orange. GAME QUALITIES: Very aggressive, Sand Perch often hit baits and lures meant for much larger fish.
Grouper Malabar grouper, Epimetheus malarious Scientific classification Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Chordata Class: Actinopterygii Order: Performed Family: Serranidae Subfamily: EpinephelinaeBleeker, 1874 Tribes and genera Not all errands are called 'groupers'; the family also includes the sea basses. The common name grouper is usually given to fish in one of two large genera : Epimetheus and Mycteroperca.
In addition, the species classified in the small genera Hyperion, Completes, Dermatologist, Graciela, Scotia, and Trio are also called 'groupers'. However, some hamlets (genus Affected), the hinds (genus Cephalopods), the lyre tails (genus Various) and some other small genera (Gonioplectrus, Nippon, Paranoia) are also in this subfamily, and occasional species in other serrated genera have common names involving the word grouper “.
Nonetheless, the word grouper on its own is usually taken as meaning the subfamily Epinephrine. Groupers are Telecasts, typically having a stout body and a large mouth.
They can be quite large, and lengths over a meter and the largest is the Atlantic Goliath grouper (Epimetheus Tamara) which has been weighed at 399 kilograms (880 pounds) and a length of 2.43 m (7 ft 11 1 2 in), though in such a large group, species vary considerably. They do not have many teeth on the edges of their jaws, but they have heavy crushing tooth plates inside the pharynx.
They habitually eat fish, octopuses, and crustaceans. Reports of fatal attacks on humans by the largest species, such as the giant grouper (Epimetheus lanceolatus) are unconfirmed.
They also use their mouths to dig into sand to form their shelters under big rocks, jetting it out through their gills. The word grouper is from the Portuguese name, group, which has been speculated to come from an indigenous South American language.
In New Zealand, “groper” refers to a type of wreck fish, Poly prion oxygenate, which goes by the Mori name haiku. In the Middle East, the fish is known as hammer ', and is widely eaten, especially in the Persian Gulf region.
The species in the tribes Grammistini and Diploprionini secrete a mucus like toxin in their skin called Rammstein and when they are confined in a restricted space and subjected to stress the mucus produces a foam which is toxic to nearby fish, these fishes are often called soap fishes. Jordan, 1923 Tribe Epinephrine Sleeker, 1874 Aethaloperca Fowler, 1904 Affected Bloch & Schneider, 1801 Anyperodon Gunther, 1859 Cephalopods Bloch & Schneider, 1801 Chromites Swanson, 1839 Dermatologist Gill, 1861 Epimetheus Bloch, 1793 Gonioplectrus Gill, 1862 Graciela Randall, 1964 Hyporthodus Gill, 1861 Mycteroperca Gill, 1862 Paranoia Guillemot, 1868 Plectropomus Pen, 1817 Scotia J.L.B.
Smith, 1964 Trio Randall, Johnson & Lowe, 1989 Various Swanson, 1839 The largest males often control harems containing three to 15 females.
Groupers often pair spawn, which enables large males to competitively exclude smaller males from reproducing. As such, if a small female grouper were to change sex before it could control a harem as a male, its fitness would decrease.
If no male is available, the largest female that can increase fitness by changing sex will do so. Gonochorism, or a reproductive strategy with two distinct sexes, has evolved independently in groupers at least five times.
The evolution of gonochorism is linked to group spawning high amounts of habitat cover. Both group spawning and habitat cover increase the likelihood of a smaller male to reproduce in the presence of large males.
Fitness of male groupers in environments where competitive exclusion of smaller males is not possible is correlated with sperm production and thus testicle size. Gonochoristic groupers have larger testes than protogynous groupers (10% of body mass compared to 1% of body mass), indicating the evolution of gonochorism increased male grouper fitness in environments where large males were unable to competitively exclude small males from reproducing.
Many groupers are important food fish, and some of them are now farmed. Unlike most other fish species which are chilled or frozen, groupers are usually sold live in markets.
Groupers are commonly reported as a source of Ciguatera fish poisoning. DNA barcoding of grouper species might help in controlling Ciguatera fish poisoning since fish are easily identified, even from meal remnants, with molecular tools.
In September 2010, a Costa Rican newspaper reported a 2.3 m (7 ft 7 in) grouper in Cieneguita, Limón. The weight of the fish was 250 kg (550 lb) and it was lured using one kilogram of bait.
In November 2013, a 310 kg (680 lb) grouper had been caught and sold to a hotel in Dong yuan, China. ^ a b c d e Richard van der Loan; William N. Scholar & Ronald Cricket (2014).
^ Share, Redoubt; Honer, Andrea; Ait-El-Djoudi, Karim; Cricket, Hans (2006). “Interspecific Communicative and Coordinated Hunting between Groupers and Giant Moray Eels in the Red Sea”.
“Rammstein, the skin toxin of soap fishes, and it significance in the classification of the Grammistidae” (PDF). Publications of the Set Marine Biological Laboratory.
^ Scholar, W. N.; R. Cricket & R. van der Loan (eds.). A phylogenetic test of the size-advantage model: Evolutionary changes in mating behavior influence the loss of sex change in a fish lineage.
Estimates of body sizes at maturation and at sex change, and the spawning seasonality and sex ratio of the endemic Hawaiian grouper (Hyporthodus Quercus, f. Epinephelidae). Constant relative age and size at sex change for sequentially hermaphroditic fish.
A new version of the size-advantage hypothesis for sex change: Incorporating sperm competition and size-fecundity skew. Sex change in fishes: Its process and evolutionary mechanism.
Evidence of gonochorism in a grouper, Mycteroperca rosacea, from the Gulf of California, Mexico. ^ Molly, P. P., N. B. Goodwin, I. M. Cote, J. D. Reynolds and M. J. G. Gage.
Sperm competition and sex change: A comparative analysis across fishes. ^ Crib, T. H., Bray, R. A., Wright, T. & Michelin, S. 2002: The trematodes of groupers (Serranidae: Epinephrine): knowledge, nature and evolution.
^ Justine, J.-L., Beveridge, I., Box shall, G. A., Bray, R. A., Morale, F., Triples, J.-P. & Whittington, I. D. 2010: An annotated list of parasites (Isopod, Coppola, Monotone, Diogenes, Custody and Nematode) collected in groupers (Serranidae, Epinephrine) in New Caledonia emphasizes parasite biodiversity in coral reef fish. Folio Parasitologica, 57, 237-262. Doi : 10.14411/fp.2010.032 PDF ^ “Most consumers prefer to purchase live groupers in fish markets”.
^ Schooling, C., Kissinger, D. D., Detail, A., Fraud, C. & Justine, J.-L. 2014: A phylogenetic re-analysis of groupers with applications for ciguatera fish poisoning. ^ ^ “Photos: Fishermen catch wildly huge 686-pound fish, sell it to hotel”.
Wiki source has the text of the 1905 New International Encyclopedia article Grouper “. Groupers are a species of fish that belong to the Epinephrine subfamily of the family Serranidae.
Irrespective of the types of grouper you wish to target you can catch large ones with lures, live and dead bait. If you are casting in the shallows, use jerk bait and retrieve it erratically to lure the fish out in the open.
You will need heavy tackle, especially if there are a lot of rocks under the water where you are fishing and a braided line that can withstand the powerful pull of a caught grouper. If you are using spinning tackle, make sure that the reel is heavy enough to withstand an 80 to 100-pound test mainline and a low gear ratio to give you more control.
This tackle will come in handy when the panicking grouper fish tries to swim under a ledge to break the line. For live bait, use pinkish, grunts, blue runner, sardines, and mullet.
The snowy grouper is called that because it inhabits deeper waters than other grouper types (350 to 600 feet). The grouper is a lean and moist fish that has a mild flavor, and the flesh is firm and flaky.
We have tried to point out some of the most vulnerable cases, but a comprehensive guide to ensuring the fish you are eating is sustainably sourced (which includes information like seasonality / fishing methods / minimum catch sizes etc.) After a back-and-forth with the waiter makes little headway, he invites you to inspect the glass case displaying the day’s catch on ice.
So in the interest of separating the sprats from the mullets and the spores from the Paris, we have put together this alphabetized guide to the fish and other sea creatures you’re most likely to find on Greek menus with their English, Greek and scientific names (and photos! About this Animal : Round, spiky and purple-black in color, this creature flourishes in the shallow waters of the Mediterranean, particularly on rockier parts of the seabed (which is why it’s critical to be careful of where you’re stepping when going for a swim), and it feeds on the surrounding plant life.
About This Animal : The stakes, or lobster, that you’ll eat in Greece is mostly fished from around small uninhabited islands in the Aegean. Several basic types exist: the karavidomana (European lobster) which has large claws, and the more common stakes agathotos (European spiny lobster) which has two very long antennae.
Similar in appearance to the Maria (see below) or ‘pica rel,’ this fish tends to be even smaller (bite-size, really). How It’s Served : These fish are battered in flour, fried and eaten whole in the same manner as Marines.
About This Animal : Avgotaracho, or Greek Ottawa, is essentially the cured eggs of the female befalls (Flathead gray mullet). The large egg sacs are removed and salted, pressed, and dipped in beeswax to preserve them.
The most famous Greek avgotaracho is produced in the region of Messolonghi, located in western-central Greece where the fish are caught in the shallow, brackish marshes where they feed and breed. How It’s Served: Traditionally, Greeks cut the highly-prized avgotaracho into thin slices and eat it as-is, as a high quality meze, paired with ouzo or champagne.
However, gourmands also recommend it with bread and butter or in pasta, while a new generation of chefs are also experimenting with it as an ingredient in creative dishes in high-end restaurants. They are fast, carnivorous fish with big heads and a mouthful of sharp teeth.
In Greek fish markets, however, they're much less intimidating and, in fact, sought after for their soft flesh. Vote: The name“bakaliaros” can also refer to the Atlantic cod, which is related to the hake.
It is then soaked in water and typically batter fried and served with Somalia (garlic dip). About This Fish : Once considered a delicacy by the ancient Romans, Barbour is a type of goat fish native to the Mediterranean Sea.
How It’s Served: Barons are most often dipped in flour and fried, though you may also find them grilled at some traditional Greek restaurants. More recently, chefs of more progressive establishments are opting to serve Barbour in the form of tartar: diced, and drizzled in citrus juices and seasoned with fresh herbs.
About This Fish : As indicated by its common English name, far is relatively large and silvery-rose in color. Far are both caught wild and raised in fish farms (the former can be at the pricier end of the spectrum, the latter are less expensive).
How It’s Served : Far is generally grilled and garnished with ladolemono, a mixture of lemon and olive oil, although it can also be stewed to make a psarosoupa, or fish soup. About This Fish : Slender and long-nosed, this shark is native to temperate and subtropical waters worldwide.
Other notes: In Greece environmental organizations such as Greenpeace International and Archipelagos strongly encourage consumers to steer clear of this fish due to its vulnerable status. About This Animal: Garuda, is a general term to describe shrimp and prawns of which there are many species.
Another common dish is “gar ides Nagasaki”, baked in a tomato sauce with cheese (usually feta) and peppers. You may also find them grilled or boiled and tossed in a salad in some restaurants, although in this case, food critics warn, the shrimp is often of lower quality (frozen) and intended to raise the total cost of the dish served.
Trivia: You may also hear the term “favors” (plural gave) at a stadium in Greece, as it is the nickname of supporters of the Olympiads football team which is based in Piraeus. According to one explanation, this moniker was created in the 1960s after Olympiads fans traveled to a rival stadium for an away game only to be met with crates of the little fish that had been stolen from Piraeus.
About This Animal : A largish mollusk with a smooth brownish shell, Alistair can be found in bounty in many parts of the country in sandy seabeds. As they filter the water, they should generally only be consumed when sourced from areas with clean seas.
How It’s Served : Another staple of the Greek tavern, Kalahari are commonly sliced up and batter fried and served with lemon (some people prefer the crispy tentacles, others the round parts of the body). About This Animal : Widely considered a luxurious seafood in Greece, Arabia is a crustacean that can be found in both saltwater and freshwater environments throughout the country.
About This Animal : Native to the Atlantic, it is thought that the blue crab was introduced into European waters through ships’ ballast. With that said, it’s important to select a crab from a market or restaurant that is clearly alive (i.e. mobile).
About This Animal : With an elongated body and grayish-brown coloring, the befalls is a cautious type, traveling in schools for safety. This fish has the ability to tolerate a range of salinity levels and can live in coastal waters as well as in estuaries and rivers.
How It’s Served : In Prevent, befalls is traditionally baked in the oven with roasted vegetables and drizzled in olive and lemon. About This Animal : Easily identifiable from their thick, ribbed shells, like Alistair (smooth clams) Livonia live in sandy seabeds throughout the country.
About This Animal : Commonly known in English as mackerel and favored for its health benefits (the fish is rich in omega-3 fatty acids), folios is an inhabitant the Atlantic Ocean as well as the Mediterranean and Black Seas. Sometimes, you may find the fish cured, or salted (past), to be eaten as a meze with Tripura or ouzo.
About This Animal : Larvae is one of the most popular fish and a signature main dish at many seaside Greek taverns. Marines’ small size makes it easy to eat the fish whole (after you’ve squeezed a bit of lemon over them).
About This Animal : A flat, gray fish best distinguished by the single, black dot situated between its body and tail, melanoma can typically be found in eastern Atlantic and Mediterranean waters. An omnivorous fish, it loves to feed on small invertebrates in addition to plant life.
Many amateur spear-fishermen hunt for the animal in the summer and you will frequently see them beating their catch against the rocks to tenderize it. How It’s Served : Whether it is sun dried and grilled then drizzled with olive oil and lemon, marinated in vinegar (Idaho), or cooked in wine, octopus is a delicacy that can be found on the menu of many taverns in Greece.
About This Animal : These medium-to-large saltwater mussels can be found naturally in the Mediterranean and Black Seas as well as the east Atlantic Ocean. They are also the object of aquaculture and mussel farms in the northern and western Greek cities of Kamala and Prevent have created a more bountiful supply of these meaty mollusks.
About This Animal : The Alameda is a strong swimmer that lives in shoals and feeds on smaller fish such as mackerel, as well as squid. How It’s Served : Alameda is an oily fish with flesh similar to mackerel and tuna.
It is typically cut into fillets, which are either grilled or baked in the oven fresh, or pickled and preserved in oil to create a meze known as Lacerda. Ambush predators, they attract prey with the aid of a spine modified to act as a lure, then gulp it down in one lightning-fast movement.
How It’s Served : A tasty fish with few bones to pick off, many Greeks enjoy peschandritsa baked in the oven with tomato and herbs. Some chefs also fry the tails of smaller animals for an alternative meze, and boil the heads of larger ones for fish soup.
About This Animal : Trout are largely freshwater fish although some sub-types also spend some of their lives in the sea. Their natural habitat are bodies of freshwater that are cold, clean and oxygen rich, in which they predate on all manner of animals from zooplankton to small fish, crustaceans and insect larvae.
Alongside a number of the country’s rivers one finds small trout farms next to taverns offering the fish. In Virus, locals love to bake the fish and drizzle it with butter.
About This Animal : large clam that can reach up to a meter in length and which is endemic to the Mediterranean, this shellfish has long been used as a source of food and sea silk (thread the mollusk uses to anchor itself to the seabed and which was once spun into cloth). It also has a rather charming symbiotic relationship with shrimp that live inside the clam and warn it of impending dangers by pinching it, causing it to close.
This iconic animal is however threatened with extinction due to fishing, pollution, damage by trawlers and anchors and loss of the seagrass meadows in which it lives. However, it should not be consumed today, given that Penna is an endangered species that is protected by law from all forms of fishing in Greece.
About This Animal : A relative of the Frida (see below), this fish loves some quality alone-time, spending its days on the rocky bottoms of subtropical waters including the Mediterranean Sea. They are territorial, each guarding its own section of a reef where they predate on mollusks, crustaceans, fish and octopus.
This, however, makes them vulnerable to over-exploitation as spear-fishermen tend to target the large males, removing them from the population. About This Animal : Salami refers to a broad family of skates and rays (a type of bat winged cartilaginous fish related to shark).
Whether they are fried, grilled or baked in the oven with tomato, this fish is best paired with a glass of ouzo by the sea. An omnivore of sorts, the Argos feeds on crustaceans, mussels, and some seaweeds and corals, using their strong jaws to crush shells.
About This Animal : Hailing from Mediterranean waters and the east Atlantic Ocean, this fish is related to the roofs (dusky grouper) and shares its characteristic of changing sex once it reaches a certain weight (about nine kilograms). However, it is not as vulnerable as the roofs and so can be consumed with a clean conscience (provided, that is, that it meets the minimum legal requirement of being above 45 cm in length).
How It’s Served : This meaty fish is relatively common in Greek cuisine. About This Animal : Sinatra, or the ‘Queen of the Sea’ as some Greek fisherman call it, lives along the rocky seashores of the Mediterranean, where it feeds on other fish.
About This Animal : Inhabiting shallow waters of the Atlantic Ocean and south Mediterranean Sea, this medium-size, multi-colored (red, yellow and blue) fish resembles the bird for which it’s named. It lives in rocky areas where it grazes primarily on algae, for which its ‘beak’ is adapted.
About This Animal : Though it’s commonly misconstrued as a poisonous fish, scoring is, in fact, very edible and prized in Greek cuisine. That said, it is venomous with dorsal spines that can inflict very painful stings if it is not handled with care.
Cuttlefish displaying the zebra pattern commonly exhibited during the mating season. Cuttlefish displaying the zebra pattern commonly exhibited during the mating season.
They are also masters of camouflage, with skin that can change its color and even texture almost instantaneously to blend into their surroundings. Instead, they are baked, stewed with wine, or cooked with tomato, onions, garlic and herbs and served with pasta.
About This Product : Fishermen harvest the eggs of fish like bakaliaros or prints and then treat them to create Tarawa, which is a white or reddish paste. How It’s Served : Tarawa is most commonly used to make taramasalata, a salty, creamy dip that includes olive oil, lemon juice, onion and bread.
These squid are larger than Kalahari and feed on fish, crustaceans and other mollusks. These large, powerful, predatory fish live in deep, open waters and are an important food source for other mammals such as dolphins.
It is mainly carnivorous and can withstand large fluctuations in salinity, and so can often be found in river estuaries. They are among the fastest fish in the world, and use their long bills to stun or maim prey making it easier to catch.
In North America this led to public information campaigns which successfully reduced demand for the fish, allowing stocks to rebound. It is also sometimes cut into cubes and skewered together with peppers and tomatoes make a large kebab (Bourbaki).
Nassau Grouper range in color depending on environment and age but generally appear between brown and reddish orange. The Nassau grouper can also change its color to darker shades if it feels threatened or is trying to blend in to its surroundings.
A solitary fish, the Nassau Grouper has been known at times to be found in small groupings but for the most part they hunt alone in the daytime. Nassau Groupers have a diet consisting of smaller fish, crustaceans, invertebrates and cephalopods.
When releasing keep in water, remove hook with pliers or Hooker and vent accordingly if you brought it up from a deep depth. Being extremely large saltwater fish, Goliath Groupers are found in shallow tropical waters abundant with coral and artificial reefs.
The fish ’s meat contains high levels of methyl mercury making it unfit for human consumption. Goliath Groupers are found in the eastern as well as western Atlantic Ocean.
In the western half, they exist in the waters of the Florida Keys, Bahamas, and the coast of Brazil. Here’s a table giving the scientific classification of the fish, followed by some intriguing facts about its physical characteristics, diet, and temperament.
Scientific ClassificationCommon Name: Atlantic Goliath Grouper Binomial Name: Epimetheus Tamara Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Chordata Class: Actinopterygii Order: Performed Family: Serranidae Genus: Epimetheus IUCN Rating: Critically Endangered Goliath Groupers can grow as big as 8.2 feet in length, and half as wide.
these fish could either be dull green or gray, or dark yellow to brown. Juveniles are just 2.5 cm long and prefer settling into mangrove habitats.
the Goliath Grouper is specifically prone to over-fishing due to its large size, slow growth rate, curious and fearless nature, and low reproductive rate. These fish were considered a delicacy prior to receiving a critically endangered status.
scientists believe that Goliath Groupers have a very long lifespan, and they may live for even a hundred years. This is because, these fish make a peculiar booming sound (something like that of a bass drum) which can not only be heard but felt as well.
These vocalizations are normally termed as barks; they are either used to communicate or to warn intruders trying to access their territories. Also, they don’t move a lot and are always glued to reefs, corals, and rocks in shallow waters, except during the spawning season.
This refers to organisms who are born female and undergo a sexual transformation at some point later in their lives. the Goliath Grouper was traditionally referred to as Jewish (as mentioned before), but the American Fisheries Society banned the use of this term (in 2001) as it sounded culturally insensitive.
Other grouper such as the Black (Mycteroperca Monaco), Yellow edge (Epimetheus flavolimbatus), Scamp (Mycteroperca final) and Snowy Grouper can be found in the marketplace but in limited quantities, due to the fact that smaller amounts of these species are harvested. Gag fish will be marketed as Black grouper ; they are very similar in taste and texture.
Both of these fish have a high oil and moisture content which makes them suitable to cook many ways. Grouper meat cooks up very firm, with big flakes and holds its moisture better than many other fish.
Other ways you can cook Grouper is to poach, steam, bake, broil and sauté and don't forget that it is excellent soups or chowders. If you are baking or broiling Grouper stick to the general rule of cooking fish, which is 10 minutes per inch of thickness.
I should like poached eggs, darling, on anchovy toast and strawberries with kirsch. A venomous lionfish breaks into a huge ball of swirling bait fish.
The puffer fish is found in warmer parts of the world both in seawater and freshwater. We select the freshest fish, stingray, crayfish, so tong, prawn, crab, etc.
A giant ocean sunfish, or mold, cruises slowly through the water column. Whales are mammals because they give birth to live young, they have fur.
A freshwater fish of the family Anabantidae, native to Africa and Southeast Asia and including the Goswami and climbing perch. He used to spearfish for grouper at the north end, then cook his catch for tourists.
Fish Species brought to you in association with Windstorm Publishers Inc. Excerpts from the book Sport Fish of Florida a must for every tackle box and boat in and around Florida waters!!! Sleepyhead (Archosargus probatocephalus) Otherness : Convict Fish Bait-stealer RANGE: All Florida salt waters.
HABITAT: Areas of rocky bottom, from far up coastal creeks and rivers, to well offshore. Loves dock and bridge pilings, artificial reefs and any other structure that wears barnacles and/or harbors crabs.
Forages for crustaceans, at times, on shallow soft-bottom flats in the manner of Redfish or Bone fish. DESCRIPTION: Black vertical bands stand out against dull white, gray or yellowish background.
Fish approaching 10 pounds, and occasionally surpassing 10, are taken each year in North Florida, especially from offshore wrecks and navigation markers in late winter and spring. GAME QUALITIES: Not an aggressive strike; very tough on light tackle.
TACKLE AND BAITS: Light spinning and bait casting tackle are tops for sport, but rod tip should not be too soft, as the tough and toothy mouth makes it hard to set a hook. The Best baits are fiddlers or other small crabs; cut pieces of blue crab; live or fresh-dead shrimp (threaded on the hook); pieces of oysters and clams.
Pinkish (Lagoon rhomboids) Otherness : Spanish Porgy, Shiner, Cargo, Chop Sing RANGE: All Florida coasts. HABITAT: Small pinkish swarm over inshore grass flats in warm or temperate weather, retreating to deeper water with dropping temperatures.
DESCRIPTION: Silvery with many narrow longitudinal yellow lines and, sometimes, dim vertical bars. FOOD VALUE: Only the largest are really suitable for the table; small ones have excessive and tiny bones.
GAME QUALITIES: An aggressive striker and zippy fighter, much like a small Jack. Spottily Pinkish (Diplomas Holbrook) Otherness : Spot Porgy, San Pedro RANGE: All Florida coasts.
TACKLE AND BAITS: Light spinning outfits with cut shrimp, squid or fish. HABITAT: Likes reefs or rocks in clear, shallow water.
DESCRIPTION: Confused with the Spottier Pinkish because both have a black spot on the caudal peduncle. This fish is also lighter and has thin yellowish stripes and, often, dark vertical bars.
SIZE: Averages 6-8 inches; rarely exceeds a pound. SEA BREAM (Archosargus rhomboidal is) Otherness : Golden Pinkish, Golden Shiner, Chop Amarillo, Salem RANGE: All Florida coasts and the Bahamas.
Common around jetties, and around rocky areas of surf and shorelines. DESCRIPTION: Silvery color with numerous yellow stripes that give it a golden sheen.
GAME QUALITIES: A cooperative biter and good tussle for its size. TACKLE AND BAITS: Light spinning and bait casting outfits.
Live or dead shrimp and cut fish or squid. HABITAT: Usually caught over coral reefs or patchy bottom in 70 feet of water or more.
Head is steeply sloped and front edge is purple. Stout bait casting or spinning outfits are better suited to the task, however.
HABITAT: Usually in fairly deep water, 15-100 feet, over rocks, reefs or patchy bottom. DESCRIPTION: Color is a silvery white, sometimes with dark blotches or patterns.
GAME QUALITIES: Close to Snappers of similar size. Stout bait casting or spinning outfits are better suited to the task, however.
HABITAT: Found over inshore grass flats as well as on offshore reefs and patches. Brownish pattern may be evident in fish caught over dark bottom, but most are light.
TACKLE AND BAITS: Light spinning and bait casting outfits, with any sort of cut fish, shrimp or squid. HABITAT: Usually in fairly deep water, up to 100 feet.
Color is usually silvery, with the blue streaks that are common to several of the Porgies. DESCRIPTION: Light, reddish silver overall, with pinkish tail.