Jewfish Goliath Grouper

Bob Roberts
• Wednesday, 22 September, 2021
• 17 min read

Scientific classification Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Chordata Class: Actinopterygii Order: Performed Family: Serranidae Subfamily: Epinephrine Genus: Epimetheus Species: Binomial name Epimetheus Tamara Synonyms Promiscuous Tamara (Lichtenstein, 1822) Serra nus Tamara Lichtenstein, 1822 Serra nus Menelik Valentines, 1828 Serra nus gales J.P. Müller & Trochee, 1848 Serra nus guava Play, 1860 Promiscuous one Ehrenberg, 1915 Promiscuous ditto Roux & Collision, 1954 The Atlantic goliathgrouper or Tamara (Epimetheus Tamara), also known as the Jewish, is a large saltwater fish of the grouper family found primarily in shallow tropical waters among coral and artificial reefs at depths from 5 to 50 m (16 to 164 ft).

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Its range includes the Florida Keys in the US, the Bahamas, most of the Caribbean and most of the Brazilian coast. On some occasions, it is caught off the coasts of the US states of New England off Maine and Massachusetts.

In the eastern Atlantic Ocean, it occurs from the Congo to Senegal. Young Atlantic Goliath groupers may live in brackish estuaries, oyster beds, canals, and mangrove swamps, which is unusual behavior among groupers.

They may reach extremely large sizes, growing to lengths up to 2.5 m (8.2 ft) and can weigh as much as 360 kg (790 lb). The world record for a hook-and-line-captured specimen is 308.44 kg (680.0 lb), caught off Fernanda Beach, Florida, in 1961.

Considered of fine food quality, Atlantic goliathgrouper were a highly sought-after quarry for fishermen. It is a relatively easy prey for spear fishermen because of the grouper's inquisitive and generally fearless nature.

They also tend to spawn in large aggregations, returning annually to the same locations. Until a harvest ban was placed on the species, its population was in rapid decline.

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(Source: www.wikidata.org)

The fish is recognized as “vulnerable” globally and “endangered” in the Gulf of Mexico. The species' population has been recovering since the ban; with the fish's slow growth rate, however, some time will be needed for populations to return to their previous levels.

Goliath groupers are believed to be protogynous hermaphrodites, which refer to organisms that are born female and at some point in their lifespans change sex to male. Males can be sexually mature at about 115 centimeters (45 in), and ages 4–6 years.

In May 2015, the Atlantic goliathgrouper was successfully bred in captivity for the first time. Tidal pools act as nurseries for juvenile E. Tamara.

In tidal pools juvenile E.Tamara are able to utilize rocky crevices for shelter. Besides shelter, tidal pools provide E. Tamara with plenty of prey such as lobster and porcelain crab.

The Atlantic goliathgrouper has historically been referred to as the Jewish “. It may have referred to the fish's status as inferior leading it to be declared only suitable for Jews, or the flesh having a “clean” taste comparable to kosher food ; it has also been suggested that this name is simply a corruption of jaw fish or the Italian word for “bottom fish”, Giuseppe.

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(Source: www.hakaimagazine.com)

In 2001, the American Fisheries Society stopped using the term because of complaints that it was culturally insensitive. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.

^ Lovato, Cleo nice Maria Cardozo; Soars, Bruno Clears; Begot, Tiago Octavio Buffalo; Montage, Luciano Coach de Assis (January 2016). “Tidal pools as habitat for juveniles of the Goliath grouper Epimetheus Tamara (Lichtenstein 1822) in the Amazonian coastal zone, Brazil”.

Risky, Delaney C.; Bakenhaster, Micah D.; Adams, Douglas H. (2015). “ Pseudorhabdosynochus species (Monogenoidea, Diplectanidae) parasitizing groupers (Serranidae, Epinephrine, Epinephrine) in the western Atlantic Ocean and adjacent waters, with descriptions of 13 new species”.

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Epimetheus Tamara. Along all the coasts of Florida and the Bahamas, from inshore estuaries out to the deepest waters offshore Groupers are found.

They are the most widely available of the game fish and also offer a great number of differing varieties. The species have now started to make a comeback and have been renamed GoliathGrouper) are the most widely distributed.

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(Source: funnyjunk.com)

Most of the other species, Nassau, Red Hind, Black, Yellow fin and Scamp live in and around the coral reefs of the extreme south of Florida. Groupers live close to the bottom and are always associated with some type of submerged structure i.e. reef or wreck.

Goliath and Nassau grouper are protected from harvest in Florida waters. Adults inhabit rocky bottoms, reefs and drop-off walls in water over 60 feet deep; young occur inshore in waters around seagrass beds, mangrove forests and hard-bottom communities.

Adults inhabit rocky bottoms, reefs and drop-off walls in water over 60 feet deep; young occur inshore in waters around seagrass beds, mangrove forests and hard-bottom communities. Grouper are born as females but can later become male. Goliath and Nassau grouper are protected from harvest in Florida waters.

Grouper spawn between January and May with some of the more tropical species spawning year-round. Grouper fishing from a boat typically involves baits fished near the bottom, with heavy tackle and heavier to bring grouper to the surface. They feed on squid, crustaceans, and fish. The Florida record is 42lbs 4ozs caught near St. Augustine Inlet.

We found this 400lb monster floating on the surface at the entrance to the Segment Channel. Jewish now known as the GoliathGrouper (Epimetheus Tamara) can attain weight up to 800lbs and is more common in the south of Florida than the north.

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(Source: thefloridakeysfishingreport.com)

Goliath Troopers are found nearshore often around docks, in deep holes, and on ledges. Nassau grouper form large spawning aggregations, making this species highly vulnerable to over harvest.

The species is found in tropical and subtropical waters as deep as 400 feet, from North Carolina to Brazil, including the southern part of the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean. Spawning occurs from March to July, and females release an average of 90 thousand to 3 million pelagic eggs.

The species may live up to 17 years or longer, and reach a length of 23 inches and a weight of 10 pounds. Red hind feed on small fishes, crabs, shrimps and squid.

Red hind will hide in holes and crevices and capture their prey by ambushWorld record 6lbs 1oz. Adults are associated with rocky bottoms, reef, and drop off walls in water over 60 feet deep.

Black grouper spawn between May and August, and they are protogynous hermaphrodites, meaning that young predominantly female who transform into males as they grow larger. Larger individuals of this species are generally found in greater depths, and they feed on fish and squid.

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(Source: magazine.fishsens.com)

Undergoes sex reversal from female to male in latter part of life; specific name translates to “venomous,” alluding to the fact that this fish, perhaps more frequently than other groupers, is associated with ciguatera poisoning; feeds on fish and squid. Florida record 34lbs 6oz caught near Key Largo. Young undergo a sex transformation from female to male as they become older.Florida's record is 28lbs 6ozs.

Yellow mouth Grouper (Mycteroperca interstitial is) has a color tan or brown with darker spots, or a network of spots, fused into lines; distinct yellow wash behind the jaws; yellow around the eyes; outer edges of fins yellowish. Found OFFSHORE over reefs and rocks; not as common as scamp in the Gulf; range limited to southern Florida.

Undergoes sex reversal, young individuals female, older individuals becoming male; young fish are bi-colored, dark above white below; feeds on small fish and crustaceans. Warsaw Grouper (Epimetheus nitrites) is uniformly dark brown, with no distinct markings; dorsal fin with 10 spines; second spine very long (much longer than third); caudal fin squared-off; rear nostril larger than front nostril; young have yellow caudal fin with dark saddle on caudal peduncle; some whitish spots on body.

On May 24th 2014, Cullen Greer reeled in a six-and-a-half-foot-long, 297-pound Warsaw grouper while fishing in Venice, Louisiana. The most shocking part of this story may be that it won't go down as the largest fish ever caught in the state.

If the catch does get verified by the Louisiana Outdoor Writers Association, it would become the fifth-largest ever caught in the state. It could also go down in the state record books as the third-largest Warsaw caught by a hand crank, according to Greer.

grouper goliath endangered florida critically protect save killing ocean mission
(Source: mission-blue.org)

Leaders need be substantial as these fish are usually on the large size and dive straight back into the whole in which they live. As the State Regulations are in constant flux we advise anglers to refer to www.MyFWC.com/fishing for the latest information.

Epimetheus Tamara may be a widespread, slow growing, and aggregating species that has undergone vital population reduction over the past three generations (40.5 years) calculable to be a minimum of 80th based on landings information and underwater visual censuses. Despite clear and promising signs of recovery in us waters following the 1990 moratorium, the will increase in numbers noted area unit young and juvenile fish (the species takes five to six years to become sexually mature).

The goliathgrouper occurs within the western Atlantic Ocean from Florida south to Brazil, including the Gulf of Mexico and also the Caribbean Sea. This marine fish inhabits shallow, inshore waters with mud, rock or coral bottoms and is infrequently found below depths of 46 meters.

It’s territorial close to areas of refuge like caves, wrecks, and ledges, displaying an open mouth and quivering body to intruders. Young Atlantic goliathgrouper could sleep in salt estuaries, oyster beds, canals, and mangrove swamps, which is unusual behavior among groupers.

Scientific Name: Epimetheus Tamara Lifespan: up to 37 years Origin: Us Common Names : goliathgrouper, Jewish, black bass, one grouper, giant sea bass, grouper, hamlet, southern Jewish, and spotted Jewish Size : 98 inches (248 cm) PH: 7 – 8 Temperature : N/A Water Hardness : N/A Fish type: N/A Aquarium Size :N/A Tank Mates : N/A Gender : These teams occur at consistent sites like wrecks, rock ledges and isolated patch reefs during July, August and September.

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(Source: vtichthyology.blogspot.com)

Studies have shown fish could move up to 62 miles (100 km) from inshore reefs to these spawning sites. In southwest Florida, plausible entreaty behavior has been observed during the complete moons in August and September.

Occurring in shallow, inshore waters to depths of 150 feet (46 m), the Epimetheus Tamara prefers areas of rock, coral, and mud bottoms. It’s a classic apex predator, large, rare and solely some people occur on any given reef unit.

As with other fish, the Atlantic goliathgrouper is the host of several species of parasites, including the diplectanid monogenean Pseudorhabdosynochus Americans on its gills. Calico crabs frame the bulk of their diet, with alternative invertebrate species and fish filling within the rest.

Goliath grouper feed mostly on crustaceans (in particular spiny lobsters, shrimps and crabs), fishes (including stingrays and parrot fishes), octopus, and young ocean turtles. At least not with one group of scientists who successfully petitioned to have the fish's name changed this spring.

It is offensive to many people,” said Dr. Gary Grossman, professor of fish ecology at the University of Georgia, “The response (to a name-change petition) was very strong. Grossman and more than 40 other scientists and supporters submitted their petition to the names' committee in December, a month before the committee finalized its newest volume of common names.

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(Source: www2.padi.com)

The reference book is published every 10 years and is due in print by the end of 2001. The name was changed to pike minnow in 1998 because a group of Native Americans felt it was derogatory toward women.

The article, written by Richard G. Gould and James W. ATZ, states in the first paragraph: Jewish is a controversial name. The authors cite sources that date the name to 17th century Jamaica.

Many other fishes around the world are also called Jewish, including some catfish in Australia, the article stated. Nelson quickly pointed out that the fish is not named after the biblical Philistine Goliath who was slain by David.

The Spanish mackerel, the black grouper, the hagfish, the whitefish?... Of course, taking umbrage at the faintest slight is a cottage industry today, but I am extremely difficult to offend.

It turns out that some people did complain about the name Jewish in the recent past, and the townspeople could not care less and voted not change it. Jews are not Redskins or Indians, much fewer Chiefs or Braves, the former sports teams now searching for new names and the latter two on the chopping block as well.

jewfish grouper goliath hook
(Source: hookabigone.blogspot.com)

Indeed, they categorize all prior references as slurs and try to stifle their use, except, oddly, among themselves, where they liberally use words that are verboten to all others. Mentioning things like the Jewish vote, money, influence, media, power, and control, or using “Zionist” as a substitute for Jew, and literally dozens of other phrases, presumably send “dog whistles” to hate-filled ears and can provoke overt violence against Jews.

The problem, then, is not with the words but with the people, and even if they wouldn’t sound these whistles, their designation as Jew haters would be accurate. The bigger problem is that the accusation of “anti-Semitic tropes” is frequently used against people who have shown themselves to be quite friendly to Jews (Donald Trump, Boris Johnson) and to defend self-hating Jews (like the leftist George Soros) from any criticism.

It comes out that this cliché of the “anti-Semitic tropes” is a club to use against good non-Jews and a shield to use on behalf of bad Jews. To accuse friendly people whose actions reflect support and amity for Jews, but whose past words are excavated and scrutinized for hints, allusions, insinuations or just ambiguities that might trouble some Jew somewhere, is especially churlish.

They are not to be confused with people who send unconscious signals that are picked up by activists with a mission and a gripe. “Yankees” surely offends southerners, “Red Sox” and “Reds” those who suffered under Communism, “Angels” and “Devils” cancel out each other, and the mere mention of “Knicks” is irritating to anyone who likes basketball.

The Jewish or GoliathGrouper is known to occur in the Western Atlantic from Florida to Brazil including the Caribbean and Gulf of Mexico. The Goliath is the largest of the grouper family in the Western Atlantic, reaching sizes of up to 8-feet in length and weighing in at over 1,000-pounds.

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(Source: www.hakaimagazine.com)

Despite its brief fighting ability, its great size and weight make it difficult to land. Initially formed to promote the release of local Atlantic sailfish, King Sailfish continues to be the leader in Marine Conservation--now offering all sizes and species of Saltwater Fish Mounts, including the Jewish.

Standard Features include: (at no extra charge) Custom Painting, Downturned Fired-Enamel Glass Eyes and Acrylic Teeth. (scroll down for size/selection) The models displayed on this page represent recently produced mounts and/or most popular sizes.

Jewish (GoliathGrouper) Replicas by King Sailfish Mounts....setting The Standard for Excellence. Artist Note : Many of the Jewish Mounts shown here were painted according to a photograph provided by the angler.

Overly sensitive bureaucrats, apparently just uncomfortable with the name, arbitrarily decided to change it to GoliathGrouper. With little consideration for tradition, the will of the people, or common sense, the mighty government flexed its nit-picking muscle, and the deed was done.

For the lack of any other rational explanation, it would seem apparent that either the word Jew is no longer kosher, or attaching its name to a fish, is offensive to someone. I was never taught that the word Jew is considered a derogatory, but maybe it’s just because my parents weren’t exposed to the bureaucracy’s sensitivity training courses.

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(Source: incolors.club)

Goliath, a Philistine and a Gentile, was the biblical giant slain by a rock from the sling of the young David, a Jew. But of course, like every other department of our government, fishery managers see political correctness as a serious matter, and find no humor in their lingual contortions.

Today we are supposed to call all fishermen by the gender-neutral name of fisher, lest we offend the 1% that are female. By the same token, if it had been the established Jewish community taking offense at the name Jewish, instead of hypersensitive bureaucrats, I believe everyone would willingly accept the name change.

Using power heads and sophisticated dive techniques including deep water nitro gear, they went after Jewish with a vengeance. In a couple of short years, the stocks were impacted in a way that could never have happened with traditional fishing methods.

Once the stocks were reduced beyond profitability, some of those most responsible for the carnage, became the gurus of preservation, and were immediately adopted by fishery managers as their new poster boys. As far as being professional fishermen, I have only personally known one man who claimed to make a full time, year round living with a spear, but there are surely a few more out there.

The overwhelming majority of spear-fishermen that I have come into contact with, are very selective with their shooting and are almost uniformly, environmentally conscious. Also, unless you make a perfect kill, you can kiss the spear goodbye, as it will likely be ruined in the battle with the huge fish.

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There has never been enough production to create a real market, and seeing the meat of an occasional 300 lb fish riddled with parasites, is usually enough to permanently discourage a new buyer. Though commercial boats would sell a Jewish if they caught it on hook and line, it was never a targeted species.

The giant slimy fish, could not be placed in the ice boxes along with the other more valuable species, and had to be filleted at sea and sold on the side. Meanwhile, out in the real world, everyone who spends any time on the ocean, understands that the Jewish stock has exploded.

Lobster men release thousands of juveniles, weighing up to 15 lbs apiece from their traps. We hear of Jewish wiping out every lobster, crab, and juvenile fish, and then taking up residence.

For those Cubans and Conchs whose mouths are watering at the thought of once again tasting their traditional favorite; don’t get too excited. The proof that we see with our own eyes, is purely ‘anecdotal evidence’, and there is no slot for that in the bureaucracy’s laptop programs.

Grants must be secured, studies must be commissioned, universities must be notified, environmental groups must weigh in, and all federal and state top level fishery managers must agree to add it to their busy agendas. Once a sea creature is deemed worthy of a full closure, it falls into an entirely new category.

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We already see air breathing sea creatures like whales, porpoises and turtles in this category. Close behind on the new emotional sensitivity scale, are several fish species like shark, sunfish, and Jewish.

Soon to follow will be swordfish, marlin, tuna, and any other fish that has a long life span and grows to a large size. But with the undeniable stock rebound apparent to everyone, it would not surprise me to see the fishery eventually reopened to a very limited recreational take.

One theory is that when people started eating the fish, they found its flesh very clean, like kosher food. A less pleasant theory is that in the 1800s, Jewish were considered trash fish, and some people declared it was only fit for Jews.

Yet another theory is that it was called “jaw fish” for its huge mouth, and that later became Jewish through Southern accents and colloquialisms. Zbeckabee Moderator 15 year member11752 replies Currently voted the best answer.

The Atlantic goliathgrouper has been referred to as the Jewish, but in 2001, the American Fisheries Society stopped using that term because they felt that it was culturally insensitive. Damper was on a piratical trip near Acapulco when catching some Jewish to eat reminded him to describe the fish as follows (the full passage from Gutenberg Project): “JEW-FISH.

grouper goliath fishing sea deep florida mouth charters fl
(Source: www.fisheyesportfishing.com)

The notion that it was a trash fish at one time is ridiculous as all reports from 17th century on praise it as excellent eating. Damper was an interesting character and was known for his clear writing and keen observation.

There are several theories for how the Jewish (Promiscuous tiara), an Atlantic saltwater grouper with fins and scales, got its name. It may derive from the Italian Giuseppe,” which means “bottom fish,” or may have originally been named “jaw fish” for its large mouth.

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