And minnows (Family Cyprinidae), Including: the carp, leather carp, mirror carp (Cyprus cardio); Crucial carp (Carassius); Goldfish (Cassius Uranus); tench (Tinca); Split tail (Pogonichthys macrolepidotus); Squaw fishes (Ptychocheilus species); Sacramento back fish or hard head (Orthodox microlepidotus); Freshwater breams (Abrams species, Alicia species); Roach (Rutilus). (Rachycentron Canada) Cod, cults, black, blue, or long.
(Family Adidas), Including: Cod (Gads Joshua), Haddock (Melanogrammus aegiefinus); Pacific cod (Gads hydrocephalus); Pollock, saith, or coal fish (Pollacks sirens); Walleye Pollock (Teragray chalcogramma); Hakes (Prophecies species); Whiting (Meringue meringue); Blue whiting or potassium (Micromesistius potassium); Tom cods or frost fishes (Micrograys species); note. Including: Blacksmith (Chromes punctipinnis); Garibaldi (Hypsypops rubicund).
Or mariachis (Coryphée species) Not to be confused with the Mammal called Dolphin or Porpoise, which is non-kosher. And craters (Family Sciaenidae), Including: Sea trouts and carvings (Cynoscion species); Weakfish (Cynoscion nebulous); White sea bass (Cynoscion bills); Craters (microphone species, Barbarella species, Odontoscion species); Silver perch (Barbarella caesura); White or King croaked (Genyonemus lineages); Black croaked (Charlotte Saturn); Spot fin croaked (Roncadorstearnsi); Yellow fin croaked(Umbrinaroncador); Drums (Begonias species, Smellier species, Marina species); Red drum or channel bass (Sciences Callahan); Freshwater drum (Aplodinotus grannies); Kingfisher or king whitings (Menticirrhus species); California Corina (Menticirrhus undulates); spot or Lafayette (Leiostomus anthers); Queen fish (Serifs politics); Chubby or ribbon fish (Aqueous cumbrous).
(Family Abridge) including: Dogfishes and was (Bodies species); Dogfish or captain (Lachnolaimus Maximus); Tau tog or blackish (Tau toga units); California sheep head or redfish (Pimelometopon fulcrum); Runner, choose, or berg all (Tautogolabrus disperses) If you’ve even seen a picture of grouper, you may know that it’s a large, rather ugly fish, though many enjoy its taste: firm, moist flesh with a mild flavor.
In Judaism, in addition to requiring the presence of true fish scales, kosher fish must also have fins. This seemingly redundant requirement serves to remove ambiguity by excluding sinless sea creatures that possess various features which might be confused for scales, including shells (such as those of shrimp or prawns).
Any sea creature that lacks gills and can only breathe oxygen from air through lungs, or has an exoskeleton instead of and exoskeleton, :343 is by default not kosher because it cannot be a fish. The list of fish on this page, therefore, coincides with those which possess the combination of exoskeleton, gills, fins, and scales.
According to the Cook or divine decrees of the Torah and the Talmud, for a fish to be declared kosher, it must have scales and fins. Thus, a grass carp, mirror carp, and salmon are kosher, whereas a shark, whose scales are microscopic, a sturgeon, whose acutes can not be easily removed without cutting them out of the body, and a swordfish, which loses all of its scales as an adult, are all not kosher.
Although there is an opinion of Rabbi Yosef Karo of Safe (in his 16th century legal commentary, Bat Yosef) that milk and fish should not be cooked or eaten together, Karo references the Shulchan Arch (OC 173:2) which actually deals with meat, and not fish. Most Sunni Muslim schools of jurisprudence (Shaft'i, Handball, and Malik) hold as a general rule that all “sea game” (animals of the sea) are permissible to eat with a few minor exceptions. Thus, for example, the local dish Lassa (which includes meats such as shrimp and squid with a soup base made from shrimp paste), is deemed permissible in the Shaft'i Sunni Muslim majority nations of Indonesia and Malaysia where it is commonly consumed.
Scientific classification Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Chordata Class: Actinopterygii Order: Performed Family: Serranidae Subfamily: Epinephrine Genus: Epimetheus Species: Binomial name Epimetheus Tamara Synonyms Promiscuous Tamara (Lichtenstein, 1822) Serra nus Tamara Lichtenstein, 1822 Serra nus Menelik Valentines, 1828 Serra nus gales J.P. Müller & Trochee, 1848 Serra nus guava Play, 1860 Promiscuous one Ehrenberg, 1915 Promiscuous ditto Roux & Collision, 1954 The Atlantic Goliath grouper or Tamara (Epimetheus Tamara), also known as the Jewish, is a large saltwater fish of the grouper family found primarily in shallow tropical waters among coral and artificial reefs at depths from 5 to 50 m (16 to 164 ft).
Its range includes the Florida Keys in the US, the Bahamas, most of the Caribbean and most of the Brazilian coast. On some occasions, it is caught off the coasts of the US states of New England off Maine and Massachusetts.
In the eastern Atlantic Ocean, it occurs from the Congo to Senegal. Young Atlantic Goliath groupers may live in brackish estuaries, oyster beds, canals, and mangrove swamps, which is unusual behavior among groupers.
They may reach extremely large sizes, growing to lengths up to 2.5 m (8.2 ft) and can weigh as much as 360 kg (790 lb). The world record for a hook-and-line-captured specimen is 308.44 kg (680.0 lb), caught off Fernanda Beach, Florida, in 1961.
Considered of fine food quality, Atlantic Goliath grouper were a highly sought-after quarry for fishermen. It is a relatively easy prey for spear fishermen because of the grouper's inquisitive and generally fearless nature.
They also tend to spawn in large aggregations, returning annually to the same locations. Until a harvest ban was placed on the species, its population was in rapid decline.
The fish is recognized as “vulnerable” globally and “endangered” in the Gulf of Mexico. The species' population has been recovering since the ban; with the fish's slow growth rate, however, some time will be needed for populations to return to their previous levels.
Goliath groupers are believed to be protogynous hermaphrodites, which refer to organisms that are born female and at some point in their lifespans change sex to male. Males can be sexually mature at about 115 centimeters (45 in), and ages 4–6 years.
In May 2015, the Atlantic Goliath grouper was successfully bred in captivity for the first time. Tidal pools act as nurseries for juvenile E. Tamara.
In tidal pools juvenile E.Tamara are able to utilize rocky crevices for shelter. Besides shelter, tidal pools provide E. Tamara with plenty of prey such as lobster and porcelain crab.
The Atlantic Goliath grouper has historically been referred to as the “Jewish”. It may have referred to the fish's status as inferior leading it to be declared only suitable for Jews, or the flesh having a “clean” taste comparable to kosher food ; it has also been suggested that this name is simply a corruption of jaw fish or the Italian word for “bottom fish “, Giuseppe.
In 2001, the American Fisheries Society stopped using the term because of complaints that it was culturally insensitive. Age, Growth, and Reproduction of Jewish Epimetheus Tamara in the Eastern Gulf of Mexico.
Pseudorhabdosynochus species (Monogenoidea, Diplectanidae) parasitizing groupers (Serranidae, Epinephrine, Epinephrine) in the western Atlantic Ocean and adjacent waters, with descriptions of 13 new species”. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Epimetheus Tamara.
(Rachycentron Canada) Cod, cults, black, blue, or long. (Family Adidas), Including: Cod (Gads Joshua), Haddock (Melanogrammus aegiefinus); Pacific cod (Gads hydrocephalus); Pollock, saith, or coal fish (Pollacks sirens); Walleye Pollock (Teragray chalcogramma); Hakes (Prophecies species); Whiting (Meringue meringue); Blue whiting or potassium (Micromesistius potassium); Tom cods or frost fishes (Micrograys species); note.
Including: Blacksmith (Chromes punctipinnis); Garibaldi (Hypsypops rubicund). Or mariachis (Coryphée species) Not to be confused with the Mammal called Dolphin or Porpoise, which is non-kosher.
And craters (Family Sciaenidae), Including: Sea trouts and carvings (Cynoscion species); Weakfish (Cynoscion nebulous); White sea bass (Cynoscion bills); Craters (microphone species, Barbarella species, Odontoscion species); Silver perch (Barbarella caesura); White or King croaked (Genyonemus lineages); Black croaked (Charlotte Saturn); Spot fin croaked (Roncadorstearnsi); Yellow fin croaked(Umbrinaroncador); Drums (Begonias species, Smellier species, Marina species); Red drum or channel bass (Sciences Callahan); Freshwater drum (Aplodinotus grannies); Kingfisher or king whitings (Menticirrhus species); California Corina (Menticirrhus undulates); spot or Lafayette (Leiostomus anthers); Queen fish (Serifs politics); Chubby or ribbon fish (Aqueous cumbrous). ); Starry flounder (Platichthys status); Summer flounder or fluke (Paralichthys deaths); Yellowtail flounder (Linda ferrying); Winter flounder, lemon sole or blackjack (Pseudopleuronectes Americans); Halibuts (Hippoglossus species); California halibut (Paralichthys Californians); Bigmouth sole (Hippoglossina stomata); Butter of scaly fin sole (Rosetta isotopes); “Dover” sole (Microscopes pacific us); “English” sole (Proofs Regulus); Fantail sole (Xystreurys lioness); Pet rale sole (Rosetta Jordan); Rex sole (Glyptocephalus chorus); Rock sole (Lepidopsetta bilinear); Sand Sole (Psettichthys melanostictus); Slender sole (Loretta Ellis); Yellow fin sole (Linda asp era); Pacific turbots (Pleuronichthys species); Curl fin turbot or sole (Pleuronichthys recurrent); Diamond turbot (Hypsopsetta guttural); Greenland turbot or halibut (Reinhardt hippoglossoides); Sand dabs (Citharichthys species); Dabs (Linda species); American plaice (Hippoglossoides platessoides); European plaice (Pleuronectes plates); Brill (scophthalmus rhombus).
Gobi es (Family Mobileye), Including: Bigmouth sleeper or Gavin (Gobiomorus dormitory); Strabo Toby (stadium plumier) Green lings (Family Hexagrammidae), Including: Green lings (Hexagram mos species); Kelp greening or sea trout (Hexagram mos decigrams); Ling cod, cults or blue cod (Ophiodonelongatus); Atkamackerel (Pleurogrammus monopterygius).
*It is not uncommon for fish to be labeled improperly, whether deliberately (a phenomenon called “species substitution”) or by accident. For these reasons, the Orthodox Union (the world’s largest kosher -certification agency), which used to publish a kosher fish list, stopped doing so in the early 2000s.
One other issue to keep in mind: While the Conservative movement regards swordfish and sturgeon as kosher, most Orthodox sources do not. Also, there’s no requirement to wait a set length of time between eating fish and meat (although some rabbinic sources require washing hands, rinsing your mouth or cleansing your palate in some other manner); in fact, fish is often served as a first course in a meat meal.
It’s incredibly important to get ample omega-3 fatty acids, and certain fish can serve as potent sources. But due to issues like mining, sewage and fossil fuel emissions, heavy metals like mercury are winding up in the water and building up in our fish.
Unfortunately, low-level mercury poisoning from contaminated seafood is a real threat and can lead to devastating effects on health. Not only that, but some fish have also been so overfished that they are on the brink of collapse, which can have detrimental effects on the ocean ecosystem.
In fact, the shift to eating more farmed fish like tilapia is leading to highly inflammatory diets, according to a 2008 study published in the Journal of the American Dietetic Association. Wake Forest University School of Medicine researchers say tilapia is one of the most widely consumed fish in America.
Sustaining high levels of inflammation in the body can worsen symptoms of autoimmune disorders and may be linked to chronic conditions like heart disease, cancer and diabetes. If you must eat this fish, avoid tilapia from China, where farming practices are particularly worrisome.
Although the female cod releases more than a hundred million eggs, only a few are able to survive to adulthood. In 2014, Oceana, the largest ocean conservation group in the world, conducted an investigation using data from the National Marine Fisheries Service.
They found that commercial fishermen in the U.S. throw about 2 billion pounds of “by catch” overboard each year. According to the report, if you’ve eaten U.S. halibut, there’s a good chance it came from this damaging fishery.
Without further protection and enforcement of existing efforts, we may forever lose one of the biggest, most interesting fishes in the world. Furthermore, harvesting the fish from Chile is also plagued by poor management and by catch problems.
Eel Monterey Bay Aquarium’s Seafood Watch places eel on the “Avoid” list on its sushi guide because it’s slow to mature and has been overfished in many parts of the world, bringing some populations to collapse. In the Delaware River, for instance, eels are an integral part of spreading mussel populations that serve as natural water filters.
Aside from the issues with overfishing, eels tend to readily absorb and store harmful chemicals and contaminants such as poly chlorinated biphenyls (PCs) and flame retardants. What’s more, studies show that farmed salmon is more likely to contain harmful contaminants like PCs, which are pollutants linked to insulin resistance, obesity, cancer and stroke.
In 2009, Italian researchers discovered that 4-hexylresorcinol, a food additive used to prevent discoloration in shrimp that could reduce sperm count in men and increase breast cancer risk in women. Shrimp farm ponds are also treated with harmful chemicals and pesticides such as malachite green, rote none and organic compounds, all of which can have detrimental effects on health.
Plus, an Associated Press investigation uncovered a slavery network in Thailand dedicated to peeling shrimp sold around the world. In 2007, Thailand alone exported about $1.24 billion to the United States, according to Food and Water Watch.
Although Alaskan king crab legs legally can only be called that if they’re harvested from Alaska, widespread mislabeling is the norm. Generally known as “slime head” within the scientific community, seafood marketers had other ideas for this fish and gave the species a more appetizing name.
Beyond that, the orange roughly is also known to have higher mercury levels, which can be dangerous if consumed in large amounts. But apart from that, most shark species, which are slow to mature and don’t have a lot of offspring, are severely depleted.
Often referred to as Hon Mauro on sushi menus, this simply means blue fin tuna, which should be avoided at all costs. A better sushi choice would be fatso/skip jack tuna caught through Pacific troll or pole and line methods only.
However, due to its high demand for sushi, fisheries managers are still allowing commercial fishing to target it. Sadly, blue fin tuna numbers are at just 2.6 percent of historic population levels.
Aside from the obvious population collapse and extinction threat, this is also a large predatory fish that harbors higher levels of mercury. In fact, the mercury in this fish is so high that the Environmental Defense Fund recommends women and children avoid it altogether.
That’s certainly the case with king mackerel, as the Food and Drug Administration warns women and children to outright avoid it. Luckily, Atlantic mackerel is high in omega-3s, low in mercury and is rated a top choice in terms of health and sustainability.
In 2015, an investigation found that more than a third of 19 restaurants in Atlanta sold fantasies (also known as “Vietnamese catfish”) as grouper. Testing also found that grouper for sale is actually often king mackerel or white fin weakfish, a cheaper alternative.
According to the International Union for Conservation of Nature, sturgeon are “more critically endangered than any other group of species.” The best fish options are ones that come from sustainable fisheries, are low in contaminants and high in omega 3 fatty acids.
Monterey Bay Aquarium’s Seafood Watch calls this the “Super Green List.” In addition to being rich in heart-healthy fats, salmon is a great source of protein, B vitamins, potassium and selenium.
Atlantic mackerel This oily fish is also high in health omega-3 fatty acids, along with protein, niacin, selenium and vitamin B12. Keep in mind that mackerel is often sold preserved in tons of salt, so be sure to soak it and rinse well before cooking and eating to reduce sodium levels.
Albacore Tuna (troll- or pole-caught, from the U.S. or British Columbia) Sable fish/Black Cod (from Alaska and Canadian Pacific) Finding safer seafood can be challenging and requires you to consider many factors, including sustainability, nutritional value, mercury levels and the risk of contamination with pollutants, pesticides or harmful chemicals.
Finally, when you do eat fish, opt for things like wild-caught Alaskan salmon, Pacific sardines and Atlantic mackerel. The closing section of each CBS Haunch newsletter features a Jewish-interest news item or curiosity.
Anarchically speaking, it is the minimum amount food or drink one can consume in order for a rabbi to be satisfied that you've actually eaten. In the context of our newsletter feature, we're using Kuwait in a more metaphorical way -- it's a morsel, a tidbit, something light, but tasty, and totally worthy of your consumption.
One of the primary sources for this naming account is a 1697 book titled A New Voyage Round the World, by explorer William Damper. According to Damper, during an expedition to Jamaica, he encountered Jews who considered Promiscuous tiara to be the best (and largest) kosher fish in that part of the world.
So, although the name Jewish was deemed offensive and changed, it seems clear that it wasn't initially intended to be a pejorative label. Finally, we leave you with a fun video of a very excited man in a kayak catching a 550-pound Goliath grouper off Daniel, Florida.