When the time to reproduce comes, Goliath groupers come together in large groups that are rarely made up of less than a hundred individuals. In other words, the Goliath groupers utilize the same few places and same few days a year to spawn, which makes them predictable, and thus, easy targets for fisherman looking to catch them.
You’ll only need fresh and cleaned grouper fillets, a lemon, and an Italian seasoning mix along with some salt and pepper. Put a generous amount of salt and pepper on both sides of the fish, lay the fillets out on the foil drizzled with olive oil, and sprinkle Italian seasoning on top.
Rub salt and pepper over the fillets, lightly dust with flour, and fry in butter and olive oil (yes, both) for 3-4 minutes on each side. Squeeze some lemon over it when you flip the fish (be careful because the juice will start bubbling when it hits the heat).
Off the water, he enjoys blogging and sharing his favorite fishing tips & tricks that he has learned over the years. Grouper is a family of fish that can reach sizes of up to 500 pounds.
Goliath and other larger grouper, however, have tougher meat that is best used in chowders and stews. While Goliath grouper can only be caught and released in the United States, there are many Asian countries that allow free-for-all fishing of these whoppers.
The Atlantic goliathgrouper or Tamara (Epimetheus Tamara), also known as the Jewish, is a large saltwater fish of the grouper family found primarily in shallow tropical waters among coral and artificial reefs at depths from 5 to 50 m (16 to 164 ft). Its range includes the Florida Keys in the US, the Bahamas, most of the Caribbean and most of the Brazilian coast.
On some occasions, it is caught off the coasts of the US states of New England off Maine and Massachusetts. In the eastern Atlantic Ocean, it occurs from the Congo to Senegal.
Young Atlantic Goliath groupers may live in brackish estuaries, oyster beds, canals, and mangrove swamps, which is unusual behavior among groupers. They may reach extremely large sizes, growing to lengths up to 2.5 m (8.2 ft) and can weigh as much as 360 kg (790 lb).
The world record for a hook-and-line-captured specimen is 308.44 kg (680.0 lb), caught off Fernanda Beach, Florida, in 1961. Considered of fine food quality, Atlantic goliathgrouper were a highly sought-after quarry for fishermen.
It is a relatively easy prey for spear fishermen because of the grouper's inquisitive and generally fearless nature. They also tend to spawn in large aggregations, returning annually to the same locations.
Until a harvest ban was placed on the species, its population was in rapid decline. The fish is recognized as “vulnerable” globally and “endangered” in the Gulf of Mexico.
The species' population has been recovering since the ban; with the fish's slow growth rate, however, some time will be needed for populations to return to their previous levels. Goliath groupers are believed to be protogynous hermaphrodites, which refer to organisms that are born female and at some point in their lifespans change sex to male.
Males can be sexually mature at about 115 centimeters (45 in), and ages 4–6 years. In May 2015, the Atlantic goliathgrouper was successfully bred in captivity for the first time.
Tidal pools act as nurseries for juvenile E. Tamara. In tidal pools juvenile E.Tamara are able to utilize rocky crevices for shelter.
Besides shelter, tidal pools provide E. Tamara with plenty of prey such as lobster and porcelain crab. The Atlantic goliathgrouper has historically been referred to as the “Jewish”.
It may have referred to the fish's status as inferior leading it to be declared only suitable for Jews, or the flesh having a “clean” taste comparable to kosher food ; it has also been suggested that this name is simply a corruption of jaw fish or the Italian word for “bottom fish”, Giuseppe. In 2001, the American Fisheries Society stopped using the term because of complaints that it was culturally insensitive.
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Age, Growth, and Reproduction of Jewish Epimetheus Tamara in the Eastern Gulf of Mexico.
Pseudorhabdosynochus species (Monogenoidea, Diplectanidae) parasitizing groupers (Serranidae, Epinephrine, Epinephrine) in the western Atlantic Ocean and adjacent waters, with descriptions of 13 new species”. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Epimetheus Tamara.
The Atlantic goliathgrouper, like most groupers, is an ambush predator and eats fairly large fishes and invertebrates and even small sharks. Throughout most of the year, low numbers of the Atlantic Goliath groupers are observed in any one place.
However, during reproduction (immediately after the full moons between June and December), they come together in groups of at least 100 individuals. These groups are known as spawning aggregations, and they form at relatively few places throughout the species’ range.
Though they were likely naturally rare, scientists believe that destructive fishing practices have reduced the numbers of the Atlantic Goliath groupers by at least 80% and that the species is now critically endangered. Furthermore, a total lack of fear of people makes them an easy target for spear fishers.
Finally, the Atlantic goliathgrouper ’s large size, slow growth, and ease of capture all contribute to slow its recovery, even where laws have been put in place to give it some or complete legal protection from fishing (e.g., in the USA and Brazil). It is important to continue to monitor Atlantic goliathgrouper population trends in order to determine whether the species is recovering or if stronger legal protection may be required.
Scientists only recently divided the species into two, based on their slightly different genetic makeup. The two species are similar in both appearance and behavior, but little is known about the population trends or conservation status of the Pacific goliathgrouper.
1of31Gus pan-Arabist caught a 736-pound saw fish off Galveston's North Jetty in 1939 and brought it to downtown Houston. Joe Richard, Sea favorite photography Show MoreS how Less 2of31High-profile catches, like this 551-pound goliathgrouper reeled in by pan-Arabist in 1937 and photographed at Kelley's Café in Houston, often drew large crowds.
A 12-root leader saved the big fish when he became entangled in the piling at Jettison's Pier. Houghton CAPTION (04/29/2001): Vanishing act: A fading, 70-plus-year-old painting on a Rockport building shows a large saw fish once used as an attraction at a fishing camp.
SPECIAL TO THE CHRONICLE Show MoreS how Less 23of31 Sheldon Lake State Park 15315 Beaumont Highway, Houston Special to the Chronicle Show MoreS how Less 25of31 Rollover Pass I-45 south to Galveston, left on Seawall, left on Ferry Road, take ferry to Bolivar, go about 20 miles to reach Rollover Pass.
For the Chronicle Show MoreS how Less 31of31 Herman Brown Park 400 Mercury Drive, Houston For the Chronicle Show MoreS how Less Gus pan-Arabist' passion for fishing and physical challenge proved a path that led the Houston native to record-setting accomplishments with rod-and-reel, landing fish weighing more than 1,000 pounds, garnering local and national attention and cementing his legendary status among Texas anglers.
Just what you'd expect from a man who would get companions to rope him to granite blocks so the giant fish he fought would not drag him into the sea. His records for large tooth saw fish and goliathgrouper are almost assured of never being topped, a testament to pan-Arabist' piscatorial and physical prowess and changes in the state's coastal waters.
His father, John, immigrated to Texas in 1901 from Chaos, a Greek island just miles from Turkey in the Aegean Sea. As a youngster in an immigrant-rich enclave east of downtown Houston, young Gus pan-Arabist grew up in a rough and tumble environment, scrambling for jobs and developing a life-long passion for fishing and physical fitness.
That physical toughness, reflected in pan-Arabist' undefeated career as a boxer during his World War II military service, was what led him to targeting the largest of marine fish. In the 1930s, the water off Galveston Island was a place anglers could find a seemingly endless supply of leviathans.
Monster-size tiger, bull and lemon sharks as well as rays, grouper and saw fish weighing hundreds of pounds swam in the waters along the beachfront. Gus John pan-Arabist is born in Houston to a Greek immigrant father and first-generation Irish-American mother.
pan-Arabist, an inveterate angler, begins targeting huge fish from Galveston's jetties, landing several sharks weighing hundreds of pounds, building a regional reputation for his uncanny ability to hook and land giant marine fish. Fishing from Jettison's Pier on the Galveston's North Jetty, pan-Arabist hooks and lands a 551-pound goliathgrouper.
Fishing from Galveston's North Jetty, pan-Arabist battles and lands a large tooth saw fish measuring 14 feet, 7 inches and weighing 736 pounds. pan-Arabist, now a World War II veteran and highly regarded Houston firefighter, ceases fishing coastal waters after a boating accident during a fishing trip results in a companion drowning.
See MoreCollapsePangarakis fished most often along Galveston's North Jetty, regularly spending days around Jettison's Pier, a building constructed near the end of miles-long granite breakwater and reachable only by boat. He also developed methods to float his baited line far off the rocks and into the deeper water where the largest fish were most likely to be found.
pan-Arabist' physical conditioning also was crucial for the brutal endurance exercise of fighting fish weighing several times his weight, a battle that could take two or three hours or more. pan-Arabist began hauling some of his larger catches back to Houston, where photos of him and the fish regularly appeared in newspapers and advertisements.
In the mid 1930s, pan-Arabist landed a tiger shark so large no scales could be found to weigh it. It was loaded onto a flatbed truck, hauled to Houston where it was displayed at Osman's Sporting Goods store at Capitol and Fannie.
On Jan. 1, 1939, pan-Arabist beat his own record with a saw fish that measured 14 feet, 7 inches and weighed 736 pounds. Returning after serving in the U.S. Army during the war, pan-Arabist got a job with the Houston Fire Department.
In April 1947, pan-Arabist was among the scores of Houston firefighters who raced to Texas City in the wake of the ship explosions that resulted in the deadliest industrial accident in the nation's history. There, he was injured doing heroic work, daughter Christine recalls from family stories.