Scientific classification Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Chordata Class: Actinopterygii Order: Performed Family: Serranidae Subfamily: Epinephrine Genus: Epimetheus Species: Binomial name Epimetheus Mario Synonyms Serra nus Mario Valentines, 1828 Serra nus erythrogaster Delay, 1842 Serra nus lurid us Tanzania, 1842 Serra nus remotes Play, 1860 Serra nus angustifrons Standalone, 1864 The red grouper has a body with a standard length which is 2.6 to 3 times as long as it is deep.
The properly is subangular with the serrations at its angle being slightly enlarged and the upper edge of the gill cover is straight. The They are dark reddish brown on the upper part of the head and body, shading to paler pink on the underparts, they are marked with lighter spots and blotches across their body and there are darker margins to the fins.
This species has a maximum published total length of 125 centimeters (49 in), although they a more commonly found at lengths around 50 centimeters (20 in), and a maximum published weight of 23 kilograms (51 lb). The redgrouper's typical range is coastal areas in the western Atlantic, stretching from southern Brazil to North Carolina in the US and including the Gulf of Mexico and Bermuda.
Spawning occurs offshore between January and June, peaking in May. While primarily eating benthic invertebrates, the red grouper is an opportunistic feeder in the reef community.
The diet commonly includes mantid and portend crabs, juvenile spiny lobster, and snapping shrimp, with the occasional fish. The red grouper is of moderate size, about 125 cm and weighs 23 kg or more.
When aggravated (they are highly territorial) or involved in spawning activities, these fish can very rapidly change coloration patterns, with the head or other parts of the body turning completely white, and the white spots appearing more intense. Red grouper (Epimetheus Mario) on an excavated site on Pulley Ridges on the West Florida Shelf Red grouper actively excavate pits in the seafloor.
They start digging in the sediment from the time they settle out of the plankton and continue throughout their lifetime. They use their caudal fin and their mouths to remove debris and sediment from rocks, creating exposed surfaces on which sessile organisms actively settle (e.g., sponges, soft corals, algae).
The exposure of structure also attracts a myriad of other species, including mobile invertebrates and a remarkable diversity of other fishes, from bodies and butterfly fish to grunts and snapper. The lionfish Steroid Holsteins started invading red grouper habitat by 2008, from Florida Bay to the Florida Keys and offshore to Pulley Ridge, a despotic coral reef on the West Florida Shelf west of the Dry Tortugas.
Known for being extremely capable predators on small reef fish, scientists are very interested in determining the extent to which their invasion changes the functional dynamics of associated communities. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Epimetheus Mario.
“Helming parasites of Epimetheus Mario (Pisces: Serranidae) of the Yucatán Peninsula, southeastern Mexico” (PDF). Presence of mercury in the pregnant women has been found to be related to some birth defects and this heavy metal usually will stay in the body for quite long.
During Pregnancy It is safe to eat red grouper while you are pregnant, but you should limit the amount of consumption due to concern of mercury in the brown grouper. Red grouper is lean source of protein and it contains omega-3 fatty acids, vitamin A as well as selenium which are beneficial for expecting mothers.
Iron present in grouper is important for red blood cell formation. Presence of mercury in the pregnant women has been found to be related to some birth defects and this heavy metal usually will stay in the body for quite long.
Red grouper also contains other nutrition like potassium which is beneficial to the heart. Red grouper is lean source of protein and it contains omega-3 fatty acids, vitamin A as well as iron which are beneficial for the nursing mothers and the growing babies.
Presence of mercury in the babies can cause brain damage and this heavy metal usually will stay in the body for quite long. One-Year-Old and Above Baby It is safe to eat red grouper, but amount of consumption should be limited.
Red grouper is a great source of protein, vitamin A which are essential for the healthy development of the children. However, amount of consumption should be limited so that your children can be protected from the mercury which is usually found in red grouper and much other seafood.
Welcome back to Eaton Street Seafood Market, where you can get fresh fish delivery overnight and find great recipes for preparing it! There’s no better place on the web to find Key West dining information and ordering fresh seafood online.
Even among the many delicious table fish found in Key West, the grouper stands out as something truly special. The grouper is a lean, moist fish with a mild yet distinct flavor that doesn’t need much seasoning to emerge.
This dish serves four people and goes well with a garden salad, crusty French-style bread, and wild rice or risotto. Along with our sit down restaurant, walk-up market, and fresh fish delivery, this blog makes Eaton Street your one-stop shopping destination for the freshest, most delectable seafood you’ll find in Key West.
9 chances out of 10 if you have eaten grouper it has been Regrouped (Epimetheus Mario) or Gag (Mycteroperca microbes) which is a member of the Serranidae family. Other grouper such as the Black (Mycteroperca Monaco), Yellow edge (Epimetheus flavolimbatus), Scamp (Mycteroperca final) and Snowy Grouper can be found in the marketplace but in limited quantities, due to the fact that smaller amounts of these species are harvested.
Both of these fish have a high oil and moisture content which makes them suitable to cook many ways. Many chef's and true Grouper connoisseurs prefer the Regrouped over the Gag or Black.
Grouper meat cooks up very firm, with big flakes and holds its moisture better than many other fish. Other ways you can cook Grouper is to poach, steam, bake, broil and sauté and don't forget that it is excellent soups or chowders.
If you are baking or broiling Grouper stick to the general rule of cooking fish, which is 10 minutes per inch of thickness. Topped with tangy sour cream and nutty Parmesan cheese, these baked fish fillets take only 20 minutes from start to finish.
And, because of its mild flavor, Baked Grouper Fillets is a great fish recipe for kids! Grouper is a lean, moist fish with large flakes and a firm texture.
I not only enjoy the taste, but like that it’s so easy to prepare, a healthy alternative to meat, and relatively low in calories. Because it’s so quick, Easy Oven-Baked Parmesan Grouper Fillets is not only perfect for a hurried weeknight dinner with the family but equally excellent company fare.
We are fortunate to live in Florida because we have access to fantastic fresh seafood all year long, and we take full advantage of it. Although this recipe calls for Florida grouper, you can easily substitute any firm white fish such as red snapper, redfish, bass or halibut.
The ingredients for Easy Oven-Baked Parmesan Grouper Fillets are simple: grouper fillets, sour cream, grated Parmesan cheese, fresh lemon juice and lemon zest, onion powder, hot sauce, paprika, kosher salt, and ground black pepper. For the optional garnish, you will need some lemon wedges and fresh chopped Italian parsley.
To prepare this tasty entrée, first, gather your ingredients and preheat the oven to 350 degrees F. Combine the sour cream, grated Parmesan cheese, lemon juice and zest, onion powder, and hot sauce in a small bowl and mix well.
If you are using a meat thermometer, it should read 145 degrees when inserted into the thickest part of the fish. You can easily substitute any firm white fish for grouper including red snapper, redfish, bass or halibut.
Topped with tangy sour cream and nutty Parmesan cheese, these baked fish fillets take only 20 minutes from start to finish. Combine the sour cream, grated Parmesan cheese, lemon juice and zest, onion powder, and Tabasco in a small bowl and mix well.
Sharon's Expert Tips: You can tell if the fish is done when it is opaque and flakes easily with a fork. If you are using a meat thermometer, it should read 145 degrees when inserted into the thickest part of the fish. You can easily substitute any firm white fish for grouper including red snapper, redfish, bass or halibut.
Thin fillets from delicate fish such as flounder or sole won't work as well, and salmon would make the dish too rich. * This recipe for Easy Baked Parmesan Grouper Fillets was adapted from the Grouper Parmesan recipe in the Themes Remembered Cookbook published by the Junior League of Tallahassee.
If you're looking for a simple recipe to simplify your weeknight, you've come to the right place--easy dinners are our specialty. Grouper Malabar grouper, Epimetheus malarious Scientific classification Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Chordata Class: Actinopterygii Order: Performed Family: Serranidae Subfamily: EpinephelinaeBleeker, 1874 Tribes and genera Not all errands are called 'groupers'; the family also includes the sea basses.
The common name grouper is usually given to fish in one of two large genera : Epimetheus and Mycteroperca. In addition, the species classified in the small genera Hyperion, Completes, Dermatologist, Graciela, Scotia, and Trio are also called 'groupers'.
However, some hamlets (genus Affected), the hinds (genus Cephalopods), the lyre tails (genus Various) and some other small genera (Gonioplectrus, Nippon, Paranoia) are also in this subfamily, and occasional species in other serrated genera have common names involving the word grouper “. Nonetheless, the word grouper on its own is usually taken as meaning the subfamily Epinephrine.
Groupers are Telecasts, typically having a stout body and a large mouth. They can be quite large, and lengths over a meter and the largest is the Atlantic Goliath grouper (Epimetheus Tamara) which has been weighed at 399 kilograms (880 pounds) and a length of 2.43 m (7 ft 11 1 2 in), though in such a large group, species vary considerably.
They do not have many teeth on the edges of their jaws, but they have heavy crushing tooth plates inside the pharynx. They habitually eat fish, octopuses, and crustaceans.
Reports of fatal attacks on humans by the largest species, such as the giant grouper (Epimetheus lanceolatus) are unconfirmed. They also use their mouths to dig into sand to form their shelters under big rocks, jetting it out through their gills.
The word grouper is from the Portuguese name, group, which has been speculated to come from an indigenous South American language. In New Zealand, “groper” refers to a type of wreck fish, Poly prion oxygenate, which goes by the Mori name haiku.
In the Middle East, the fish is known as hammer ', and is widely eaten, especially in the Persian Gulf region. The species in the tribes Grammistini and Diploprionini secrete a mucus like toxin in their skin called Rammstein and when they are confined in a restricted space and subjected to stress the mucus produces a foam which is toxic to nearby fish, these fishes are often called soap fishes.
The largest males often control harems containing three to 15 females. Groupers often pair spawn, which enables large males to competitively exclude smaller males from reproducing.
As such, if a small female grouper were to change sex before it could control a harem as a male, its fitness would decrease. If no male is available, the largest female that can increase fitness by changing sex will do so.
Gonochorism, or a reproductive strategy with two distinct sexes, has evolved independently in groupers at least five times. The evolution of gonochorism is linked to group spawning high amounts of habitat cover.
Both group spawning and habitat cover increase the likelihood of a smaller male to reproduce in the presence of large males. Fitness of male groupers in environments where competitive exclusion of smaller males is not possible is correlated with sperm production and thus testicle size.
Gonochoristic groupers have larger testes than protogynous groupers (10% of body mass compared to 1% of body mass), indicating the evolution of gonochorism increased male grouper fitness in environments where large males were unable to competitively exclude small males from reproducing. Many groupers are important food fish, and some of them are now farmed.
Unlike most other fish species which are chilled or frozen, groupers are usually sold live in markets. Groupers are commonly reported as a source of Ciguatera fish poisoning.
DNA barcoding of grouper species might help in controlling Ciguatera fish poisoning since fish are easily identified, even from meal remnants, with molecular tools. In September 2010, a Costa Rican newspaper reported a 2.3 m (7 ft 7 in) grouper in Cieneguita, Limón.
The weight of the fish was 250 kg (550 lb) and it was lured using one kilogram of bait. In November 2013, a 310 kg (680 lb) grouper had been caught and sold to a hotel in Dong yuan, China.
^ a b c d e Richard van der Loan; William N. Scholar & Ronald Cricket (2014). ^ Share, Redoubt; Honer, Andrea; Ait-El-Djoudi, Karim; Cricket, Hans (2006).
^ John E. Randall; Kashmir Aida; Takashi Libya; Nobuhiro Missouri; His Kamila & Yorkshire Hashimoto (1971). “Rammstein, the skin toxin of soap fishes, and it significance in the classification of the Grammistidae” (PDF).
Publications of the Set Marine Biological Laboratory. ^ Scholar, William N. ; Cricket, Ron & van der Loan, Richard (eds.).
A phylogenetic test of the size-advantage model: Evolutionary changes in mating behavior influence the loss of sex change in a fish lineage. Estimates of body sizes at maturation and at sex change, and the spawning seasonality and sex ratio of the endemic Hawaiian grouper (Hyporthodus Quercus, f. Epinephelidae).
Constant relative age and size at sex change for sequentially hermaphroditic fish. A new version of the size-advantage hypothesis for sex change: Incorporating sperm competition and size-fecundity skew.
Sex change in fishes: Its process and evolutionary mechanism. Evidence of gonochorism in a grouper, Mycteroperca rosacea, from the Gulf of California, Mexico.
^ Molly, P. P., N. B. Goodwin, I. M. Cote, J. D. Reynolds and M. J. G. Gage. Sperm competition and sex change: A comparative analysis across fishes.
^ Crib, T. H., Bray, R. A., Wright, T. & Michelin, S. 2002: The trematodes of groupers (Serranidae: Epinephrine): knowledge, nature and evolution. ^ Justine, J.-L., Beveridge, I., Box shall, G. A., Bray, R. A., Morale, F., Triples, J.-P. & Whittington, I. D. 2010: An annotated list of parasites (Isopod, Coppola, Monotone, Diogenes, Custody and Nematode) collected in groupers (Serranidae, Epinephrine) in New Caledonia emphasizes parasite biodiversity in coral reef fish.
Folio Parasitologica, 57, 237-262. Doi : 10.14411/fp.2010.032 PDF ^ “Most consumers prefer to purchase live groupers in fish markets”. ^ Schooling, C., Kissinger, D. D., Detail, A., Fraud, C. & Justine, J.-L. 2014: A phylogenetic re-analysis of groupers with applications for ciguatera fish poisoning.
^ ^ “Photos: Fishermen catch wildly huge 686-pound fish, sell it to hotel”. ^ Heather Alexander, Houston Chronicle (21 August 2014).
“Gulf grouper swallows 4 foot shark in a single bite”. Wiki source has the text of the 1905 New International Encyclopedia article Grouper “.