1 First recorded in 1680–90, grouper is from the Portuguese word Garuda, of uncertain origin A member of a group of usually young and single persons who rent and share a house or apartment, as at a summer resort.
Grouper Malabar grouper, Epimetheus malarious Scientific classification Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Chordata Class: Actinopterygii Order: Performed Family: Serranidae Subfamily: EpinephelinaeBleeker, 1874 Tribes and genera Not all errands are called 'groupers'; the family also includes the sea basses. The common name grouper is usually given to fish in one of two large genera : Epimetheus and Mycteroperca.
In addition, the species classified in the small genera Hyperion, Completes, Dermatologist, Graciela, Scotia, and Trio are also called 'groupers'. However, some hamlets (genus Affected), the hinds (genus Cephalopods), the lyre tails (genus Various) and some other small genera (Gonioplectrus, Nippon, Paranoia) are also in this subfamily, and occasional species in other serrated genera have common names involving the word grouper “.
Nonetheless, the word grouper on its own is usually taken as meaning the subfamily Epinephrine. Groupers are Telecasts, typically having a stout body and a large mouth.
They can be quite large, and lengths over a meter and the largest is the Atlantic Goliath grouper (Epimetheus Tamara) which has been weighed at 399 kilograms (880 pounds) and a length of 2.43 m (7 ft 11 1 2 in), though in such a large group, species vary considerably. They do not have many teeth on the edges of their jaws, but they have heavy crushing tooth plates inside the pharynx.
They habitually eat fish, octopuses, and crustaceans. Reports of fatal attacks on humans by the largest species, such as the giant grouper (Epimetheus lanceolatus) are unconfirmed.
They also use their mouths to dig into sand to form their shelters under big rocks, jetting it out through their gills. The word grouper is from the Portuguese name, group, which has been speculated to come from an indigenous South American language.
In New Zealand, “groper” refers to a type of wreck fish, Poly prion oxygenate, which goes by the Mori name haiku. In the Middle East, the fish is known as hammer ', and is widely eaten, especially in the Persian Gulf region.
The species in the tribes Grammistini and Diploprionini secrete a mucus like toxin in their skin called Rammstein and when they are confined in a restricted space and subjected to stress the mucus produces a foam which is toxic to nearby fish, these fishes are often called soap fishes. Jordan, 1923 Tribe Epinephrine Sleeker, 1874 Aethaloperca Fowler, 1904 Affected Bloch & Schneider, 1801 Anyperodon Gunther, 1859 Cephalopods Bloch & Schneider, 1801 Chromites Swanson, 1839 Dermatologist Gill, 1861 Epimetheus Bloch, 1793 Gonioplectrus Gill, 1862 Graciela Randall, 1964 Hyporthodus Gill, 1861 Mycteroperca Gill, 1862 Paranoia Guillemot, 1868 Plectropomus Pen, 1817 Scotia J.L.B.
Smith, 1964 Trio Randall, Johnson & Lowe, 1989 Various Swanson, 1839 The largest males often control harems containing three to 15 females.
Groupers often pair spawn, which enables large males to competitively exclude smaller males from reproducing. As such, if a small female grouper were to change sex before it could control a harem as a male, its fitness would decrease.
If no male is available, the largest female that can increase fitness by changing sex will do so. Gonochorism, or a reproductive strategy with two distinct sexes, has evolved independently in groupers at least five times.
The evolution of gonochorism is linked to group spawning high amounts of habitat cover. Both group spawning and habitat cover increase the likelihood of a smaller male to reproduce in the presence of large males.
Fitness of male groupers in environments where competitive exclusion of smaller males is not possible is correlated with sperm production and thus testicle size. Gonochoristic groupers have larger testes than protogynous groupers (10% of body mass compared to 1% of body mass), indicating the evolution of gonochorism increased male grouper fitness in environments where large males were unable to competitively exclude small males from reproducing.
Many groupers are important food fish, and some of them are now farmed. Unlike most other fish species which are chilled or frozen, groupers are usually sold live in markets.
Groupers are commonly reported as a source of Ciguatera fish poisoning. DNA barcoding of grouper species might help in controlling Ciguatera fish poisoning since fish are easily identified, even from meal remnants, with molecular tools.
In September 2010, a Costa Rican newspaper reported a 2.3 m (7 ft 7 in) grouper in Cieneguita, Limón. The weight of the fish was 250 kg (550 lb) and it was lured using one kilogram of bait.
In November 2013, a 310 kg (680 lb) grouper had been caught and sold to a hotel in Dong yuan, China. ^ a b c d e Richard van der Loan; William N. Scholar & Ronald Cricket (2014).
^ Share, Redoubt; Honer, Andrea; Ait-El-Djoudi, Karim; Cricket, Hans (2006). “Interspecific Communicative and Coordinated Hunting between Groupers and Giant Moray Eels in the Red Sea”.
“Rammstein, the skin toxin of soap fishes, and it significance in the classification of the Grammistidae” (PDF). Publications of the Set Marine Biological Laboratory.
^ Scholar, W. N.; R. Cricket & R. van der Loan (eds.). A phylogenetic test of the size-advantage model: Evolutionary changes in mating behavior influence the loss of sex change in a fish lineage.
Estimates of body sizes at maturation and at sex change, and the spawning seasonality and sex ratio of the endemic Hawaiian grouper (Hyporthodus Quercus, f. Epinephelidae). Constant relative age and size at sex change for sequentially hermaphroditic fish.
A new version of the size-advantage hypothesis for sex change: Incorporating sperm competition and size-fecundity skew. Sex change in fishes: Its process and evolutionary mechanism.
Evidence of gonochorism in a grouper, Mycteroperca rosacea, from the Gulf of California, Mexico. ^ Molly, P. P., N. B. Goodwin, I. M. Cote, J. D. Reynolds and M. J. G. Gage.
Sperm competition and sex change: A comparative analysis across fishes. ^ Crib, T. H., Bray, R. A., Wright, T. & Michelin, S. 2002: The trematodes of groupers (Serranidae: Epinephrine): knowledge, nature and evolution.
^ Justine, J.-L., Beveridge, I., Box shall, G. A., Bray, R. A., Morale, F., Triples, J.-P. & Whittington, I. D. 2010: An annotated list of parasites (Isopod, Coppola, Monotone, Diogenes, Custody and Nematode) collected in groupers (Serranidae, Epinephrine) in New Caledonia emphasizes parasite biodiversity in coral reef fish. Folio Parasitologica, 57, 237-262. Doi : 10.14411/fp.2010.032 PDF ^ “Most consumers prefer to purchase live groupers in fish markets”.
^ Schooling, C., Kissinger, D. D., Detail, A., Fraud, C. & Justine, J.-L. 2014: A phylogenetic re-analysis of groupers with applications for ciguatera fish poisoning. ^ ^ “Photos: Fishermen catch wildly huge 686-pound fish, sell it to hotel”.
Wiki source has the text of the 1905 New International Encyclopedia article Grouper “. Grouper or group·peers Any of various often large serrated fishes of the subfamily Epinephrine, found in tropical and subtropical waters worldwide and valued as food and game fish.
Single people who rent and share a house, as at a summer resort. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
Charlie Kirk, the founder of Turning Point USA, and Donald Trump Jr. do not seem like likely targets for a rising right-wing faction. But much to their surprise recently, the Grouper “army” chose events hosted by Kirk and Trump to descend upon.
Groupers attended a Turning Point USA conference at Ohio State University to heckle speakers with loaded questions. Trump, meanwhile, was booed off the stage at a free speech event at the University of California Los Angeles.
His image header illustrates Pepe soldiers holding up a flag that states “Grouper War, Total Victory!” The Groupers galvanize around the idea that the current Republican Party is “fake conservatism.” Basically, they try to push each conservative position farther to the right by supporting a white, male, heterosexual America.
They embrace white nationalism in support of policies that, although they have foundations in conservatism, even some Republicans find too far. Support of Israel is one major difference between the Groupers and what they call the traditional Conservative Inc. While the Republican Party remains firm in supporting its Israeli ally, the Grouper’s extreme nationalism and anti-Semitism pushes them outside the bounds of normal right-wing discourse.
In the past, they have heckled speakers like right-wing talk show host Ben Shapiro, as well as Trump Jr. and Kirk. Their goal is to expose high-profile Republicans by asking loaded questions, often about Israel and homosexuality, to prove their distance from the extreme or true right.
“Turning Point is now making a concerted effort to slander all critics of their bullshit fake conservatism as ‘extremist trolls,'” @NickJFuentes tweeted. White nationalists Patrick Casey and Jacob Lloyd will join Fuentes in West Palm Beach for the Grouper Leadership Summit.
She has written for ORANGE Magazine, the Daily Texan, and most recently interned for 1010 WINS in NYC. A friendly individual who prefers to relax, read and drink tea.
Groupers can be characterized by loving their ferns, their country, animals and God. Groupers are very well versed in history and have no trouble questioning established historical or political sentiments when the logic/facts behind them are proven to be false.
“Hey groupers, what's the deal with the USS Liberty and the Dancing Israelis anyway?” Not to be confused with Pepe the frog, they are their own subcategory of paleo conservatives.
You can help confirm this entry by contributing facts, media, and other evidence of notability and mutation. Meme Status Submission Type: Exploitable Year Unknown Origin Unknown Tags Pepe the frog, twitter, exploitable, new right, wrong think, big dog grouper, savings, depressing midget, that_groyper, Nicholas j. Fuentes, charlie Kirk, Benny Johnson, edwardbchang Additional References Twitter Grouper refers to an exploitable illustration of Pepe the Frog resting his chin on interlinked hands, variations of which are commonly used as profile avatars among the alt-right and new right on Twitter and the alternative social networking service Wrongdoing.
Editor depressing midget posted a variation of Grouper merged with the character Kojak to /r/Kojak (shown below, left). That month, the that_grouper Twitter feed was launched, which highlights exploitable variations of the illustration (shown below, middle, right).
Over the next month, Twitter accounts appearing to post content in favor of the alt-right began using photoshop variations of the Pepe illustration as their profile avatar. Those targeted, mocked and/or trolled by the group include Ben Shapiro, Charlie Kirk, Dan Crenshaw, Trump Jr. and an American conservative nonprofit organization Turning Point USA.
On October 29th, 2019, a Turning Point USA event at the Ohio State University was sabotaged by a several attendee who asked Turning Point USA founder Charlie Kirk provocative, anti-Israel, racist and homophobic questions, including a question referencing Dancing Israelis. On the same day, Turning Point USA CCO Benny Johnson tweeted about the trolling questions (shown below, left), with Groupers leader Nicholas J. Fuentes responding on Twitter (shown below, right).
On October 30th, 2019, Twitter user @EdwardBChang made the first tweet referring to this and previous actions taken by Groupers against TP USA as “Grouper War”, with the tweet receiving over 60 retweets and 460 likes. In the following days, more Twitter accounts associated with the movement made tweets referring to Grouper Army's actions against TS UPA as “Grouper War” including tweets by the movement leader Nicholas J. Fuentes.
Section 1886(d) of the Act specifies that the Secretary shall establish a classification system (referred to as Dogs) for inpatient discharges and adjust payments under the IPS based on appropriate weighting factors assigned to each DRG. Therefore, under the IPS, we pay for inpatient hospital services on a rate per discharge basis that varies according to the DRG to which a beneficiary's stay is assigned.
Congress recognized that it would be necessary to recalculate the DRG relative weights periodically to account for changes in resource consumption. Accordingly, section 1886(d)(4)(C) of the Act requires that the Secretary adjust the DRG classifications and relative weights at least annually.
Currently, cases are classified into Medicare Severity Diagnosis Related Groups (Madras) for payment under the IPS based on the following information reported by the hospital: the principal diagnosis, up to 24 additional diagnoses, and up to 25 procedures performed during the stay. In a few Madras, classification is also based on the age, sex, and discharge status of the patient.
Effective October 1, 2015, the diagnosis and procedure information is reported by the hospital using codes from the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision, Clinical Modification (ICD-10-CM) and the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision, Procedure Coding System (ICD-10-PCS). For additional information on the MS-DRG system, including yearly reviews and changes to the Madras, please view prior Inpatient Prospective Payment System (IPS) proposed and final rules located in the left navigational area of this page.
CMS is hosting a listening session that will describe the Medicare-Severity Diagnosis-Related Group (MDR) Complication and Comorbidity (CC)/Major Complication and Comorbidity (MCC) Comprehensive Analysis discussed in the FY 2020 Inpatient Prospective Payment System (IPS) proposed and final rules. This listening session will include review of the methodology to measure the impact on resource use and will provide an opportunity for CMS to receive public input on this analysis and to address any clarifying questions in order to assist the public in formulating written comments on the current severity level designations for consideration for FY 2021 rule making.
Under the Hopes version of the Madras developed for this requirement, to the extent feasible, the MS-DRG assignment for a given service furnished to an outpatient (billed using a Hopes code) is as similar as possible to the MS-DRG assignment for that service if furnished to an inpatient (billed using an ICD-10-PCS code). The HCPCS-MS-DRG definitions manual and software developed under the requirements of section 15001 of the 21st Century Cures Act (Public Law 114–255).