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Grouper Def

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Carole Stephens
• Saturday, 26 December, 2020
• 10 min read

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Contents

1 First recorded in 1680–90, grouper is from the Portuguese word Garuda, of uncertain origin A member of a group of usually young and single persons who rent and share a house or apartment, as at a summer resort.

Grouper or group·peers Any of various often large serrated fishes of the subfamily Epinephrine, found in tropical and subtropical waters worldwide and valued as food and game fish. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company.

Based on WordNet 3.0, Farley clip art collection. Grouper Malabar grouper, Epimetheus malarious Scientific classification Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Chordata Class: Actinopterygii Order: Performed Family: Serranidae Subfamily: EpinephelinaeBleeker, 1874 Tribes and genera Not all errands are called 'groupers'; the family also includes the sea basses.

The common name grouper is usually given to fish in one of two large genera : Epimetheus and Mycteroperca. In addition, the species classified in the small genera Hyperion, Completes, Dermatologist, Graciela, Scotia, and Trio are also called 'groupers'.

However, some hamlets (genus Affected), the hinds (genus Cephalopods), the lyre tails (genus Various) and some other small genera (Gonioplectrus, Nippon, Paranoia) are also in this subfamily, and occasional species in other serrated genera have common names involving the word grouper “. Nonetheless, the word grouper on its own is usually taken as meaning the subfamily Epinephrine.

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Groupers are Telecasts, typically having a stout body and a large mouth. They can be quite large, and lengths over a meter and the largest is the Atlantic Goliath grouper (Epimetheus Tamara) which has been weighed at 399 kilograms (880 pounds) and a length of 2.43 m (7 ft 11 1 2 in), though in such a large group, species vary considerably.

They do not have many teeth on the edges of their jaws, but they have heavy crushing tooth plates inside the pharynx. They habitually eat fish, octopuses, and crustaceans.

Reports of fatal attacks on humans by the largest species, such as the giant grouper (Epimetheus lanceolatus) are unconfirmed. They also use their mouths to dig into sand to form their shelters under big rocks, jetting it out through their gills.

The word grouper is from the Portuguese name, group, which has been speculated to come from an indigenous South American language. In New Zealand, “groper” refers to a type of wreck fish, Poly prion oxygenate, which goes by the Mori name haiku.

In the Middle East, the fish is known as hammer ', and is widely eaten, especially in the Persian Gulf region. The species in the tribes Grammistini and Diploprionini secrete a mucus like toxin in their skin called Rammstein and when they are confined in a restricted space and subjected to stress the mucus produces a foam which is toxic to nearby fish, these fishes are often called soap fishes.

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The largest males often control harems containing three to 15 females. Groupers often pair spawn, which enables large males to competitively exclude smaller males from reproducing.

As such, if a small female grouper were to change sex before it could control a harem as a male, its fitness would decrease. If no male is available, the largest female that can increase fitness by changing sex will do so.

Gonochorism, or a reproductive strategy with two distinct sexes, has evolved independently in groupers at least five times. The evolution of gonochorism is linked to group spawning high amounts of habitat cover.

Both group spawning and habitat cover increase the likelihood of a smaller male to reproduce in the presence of large males. Fitness of male groupers in environments where competitive exclusion of smaller males is not possible is correlated with sperm production and thus testicle size.

Gonochoristic groupers have larger testes than protogynous groupers (10% of body mass compared to 1% of body mass), indicating the evolution of gonochorism increased male grouper fitness in environments where large males were unable to competitively exclude small males from reproducing. Many groupers are important food fish, and some of them are now farmed.

groupers definition
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Unlike most other fish species which are chilled or frozen, groupers are usually sold live in markets. Groupers are commonly reported as a source of Ciguatera fish poisoning.

DNA barcoding of grouper species might help in controlling Ciguatera fish poisoning since fish are easily identified, even from meal remnants, with molecular tools. In September 2010, a Costa Rican newspaper reported a 2.3 m (7 ft 7 in) grouper in Cieneguita, Limón.

The weight of the fish was 250 kg (550 lb) and it was lured using one kilogram of bait. In November 2013, a 310 kg (680 lb) grouper had been caught and sold to a hotel in Dong yuan, China.

^ a b c d e Richard van der Loan; William N. Scholar & Ronald Cricket (2014). ^ Share, Redoubt; Honer, Andrea; Ait-El-Djoudi, Karim; Cricket, Hans (2006).

^ John E. Randall; Kashmir Aida; Takashi Libya; Nobuhiro Missouri; His Kamila & Yorkshire Hashimoto (1971). “Rammstein, the skin toxin of soap fishes, and it significance in the classification of the Grammistidae” (PDF).

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A phylogenetic test of the size-advantage model: Evolutionary changes in mating behavior influence the loss of sex change in a fish lineage. Estimates of body sizes at maturation and at sex change, and the spawning seasonality and sex ratio of the endemic Hawaiian grouper (Hyporthodus Quercus, f. Epinephelidae).

Constant relative age and size at sex change for sequentially hermaphroditic fish. A new version of the size-advantage hypothesis for sex change: Incorporating sperm competition and size-fecundity skew.

Sex change in fishes: Its process and evolutionary mechanism. Evidence of gonochorism in a grouper, Mycteroperca rosacea, from the Gulf of California, Mexico.

^ Molly, P. P., N. B. Goodwin, I. M. Cote, J. D. Reynolds and M. J. G. Gage. Sperm competition and sex change: A comparative analysis across fishes.

^ Crib, T. H., Bray, R. A., Wright, T. & Michelin, S. 2002: The trematodes of groupers (Serranidae: Epinephrine): knowledge, nature and evolution. ^ Justine, J.-L., Beveridge, I., Box shall, G. A., Bray, R. A., Morale, F., Triples, J.-P. & Whittington, I. D. 2010: An annotated list of parasites (Isopod, Coppola, Monotone, Diogenes, Custody and Nematode) collected in groupers (Serranidae, Epinephrine) in New Caledonia emphasizes parasite biodiversity in coral reef fish.

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Folio Parasitologica, 57, 237-262. Doi : 10.14411/fp.2010.032 PDF ^ “Most consumers prefer to purchase live groupers in fish markets”. ^ Schooling, C., Kissinger, D. D., Detail, A., Fraud, C. & Justine, J.-L. 2014: A phylogenetic re-analysis of groupers with applications for ciguatera fish poisoning.

^ ^ “Photos: Fishermen catch wildly huge 686-pound fish, sell it to hotel”. ^ Heather Alexander, Houston Chronicle (21 August 2014).

“Gulf grouper swallows 4 foot shark in a single bite”. Wiki source has the text of the 1905 New International Encyclopedia article Grouper “.

Genera Epimetheus and Mycteroperca) found in warm seas. A large or very large heavy-bodied fish of the sea bass family, with a big head and wide mouth, found in warm seas.

‘Large fish such as groupers and moray eels can often be found resting next to a colony of shrimps, which flit out and crawl over the fish's skin while cleaning it.’ Early 17th century from Portuguese group, probably from a local term in South America.

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Related Topics A grouper is any of a number of fish in the serranidae family and also includes sea bass. Some can grow to be as much as three and a half feet (about one meter) long and more than 200 pounds (a little under 100 kilograms) in weight.

Grouper usually swallow their prey, which include octopus, crab, fish, and lobster, whole. The fish also uses its large mouth to dig into the sand where it lies in wait for its prey.

Groupers are not fast, nimble swimmers, and they rely on sneak attacks to capture food. Cooks and fishermen might also encounter the colorfully named comet, saddle tail, or tiger grouper.

Flesh of a saltwater fish similar to sea bass. 1. n. One of several species of valuable food fishes of the genus Epimetheus, of the family Serranidæ, as the red grouper, or brown snapper (E. Mario), and the black grouper, or Warsaw (E. nitrites), both from Florida and the Gulf of Mexico.

Any of various large food and game fishes of the subfamily ''Pipeline'', especially the genera ''Epimetheus'' and ''Mycteroperca'', which inhabit warm seas. One of several species of valuable food fishes of the genus Epimetheus, of the family Serranidae, as the red grouper, or brown snapper (E. Mario), and the black grouper, or Warsaw (E. Nitrites), both from Florida and the Gulf of Mexico.

grouper hd giant spotted fish brown cod bumblebee clip epinephelus lanceolatus known shutterstock close footage queensland
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Salt Water Game Fishing by Charles Frederick Holder (1914)”GROUP 10 THE Jewish AND BLACK grouper ONE would hardly include the great Florida Jewish among the game fishes, yet it affords a certain amount of sport at ...” The Century Dictionary: An Encyclopedic Lexicon of the English Language by William Dwight Whitney (1889)”The red grouper Is K. Mario, of a brownish color sprinkled with gray, ...

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Sources
1 www.tripsavvy.com - https://www.tripsavvy.com/best-fishing-gloves-4588492
2 waterprooflab.com - https://waterprooflab.com/best-waterproof-fishing-gloves/