Fastest Red Grouper Malayalam

Daniel Brown
• Saturday, 24 October, 2020
• 44 min read

Just so you know, Track Fishing may earn an affiliate commission from the links on this page, at no extra cost to you. Often considered a classic bottom fish, grouper is one of the most popular species to go after for beginners and experienced anglers alike.


Although heavy reels are not required for inshore fishing with live bait rigs, they don’t hurt. This will allow you to exert more strength and precision when it comes to extracting the grouper from its hiding places.

Shaman TLD 2-Speed Conventional Reel is durable, sturdy, and remarkably powerful. It offers exceptional lever drag, a unique feature that should be praised for numerous reasons.

The Shaman TLD has a unique design that includes a solid graphite frame as well as a side plate with an aluminum spool. Shift gears easily with the two-speed effect of this reel and know that it has a maximum drag of 42 lbs.

A slight upgrade to the Penn Squall series, this reel is not only robust but it’s also durable. The Penn Squall Level Wind is corrosion resistant as it is designed for saltwater.

Corrosion-resistant and perfect for saltwater use Has a large spool capacity A versatile and strong reel You aren’t limited just to grouper when you use this reel, however, as it can also be used for other bottom fish or large species, too.

Built with a solid aluminum frame, this reel is strong, and resists rust and corrosion. The Penn US Senator also has the HT 100 drag system, providing you with all the fishing power you might need.

It can easily land fish past 50 lbs, offering power and user-friendly design. It has a power handle that is comfortable to use and easy to hold along with reversible harness lugs.

It has a durable gear train and is machine framed, making it more resilient and perfectly aligned. You can add a backlight side plate, for instance, to make it perfect for commercial use.

Great for hobby or commercial use Excellent for saltwater use Has six stainless steel bearings Known as the Saliva Lever Saltwater Reel, this product has six separate corrosion-resistant ball bearings.

It performs well on fresh and saltwater, offering greater versatility and strength than some smaller models. A highly capable reel, it can hold a ton of monofilament or braided line.

India is also showing lots of interest in Grouper fish culture. These fish have highly valued because of their excellent body texture and flavor.

The export market for grouper is rapidly increasing specially in Hong Kong, and Singapore, Japan. The biggest challenge in commercial production of grouper fish is the shortage of fingerlings or seed from the wild or hatchery (nurseries).

Because of seed shortage, high market value of this fish have encouraged many countries in Asia including India to initiate research and development programs on grouper breeding and seed production. In India, until now, naturally collected seed from wild waters are serving the purpose.

Grouper fishes are extensively cultured in coastal brackish water ponds and floating, fixed net cages in many south Asian countries. Grouper fishes are naturally low in calories and high in proteins.

Grouper fishes are great source of vitamins and minerals. Local Names of Grouper Fish in India:- Panini been, Caravan (Tamil), McQueen, Álava (Malayalam), MRI menu, Copra, Guru (Kannada), MRI menu (Telugu), Law veto (Bengali).

At this point of time, floating nursery cages with mesh size of 1.5 to 2.0 cm should be made of polyethylene netting supported by wooden frame. These should be kept afloat with metal drums, anchored with concrete blocks and should be stocked with 250 to 600 frying or fingerlings.

The site selected for net-cage culture should be free from predators and strong wind and waves. Construction of Net Cages in Grouper Fish Farming: In net-cage culture, floating cages are built with bamboo poles and polyethylene netting material at 25 to 50 mm diameter.

Generally, these net cages are secured to bamboo poles (raft structure) buy ropes or wires. Buoyancy should be provided by empty plastic gallons attached to the bamboo frames.

Stocking in Grouper Fish Farming: The ideal water temperature for grouper fish farming should range from 27 °C to 30 °C and dissolved oxygen content at 5 mg/l. Commercial fish farmers should go for water testing to maintain optimal techno parameters.

Generally fingerlings of grouper fish with length of 12-15 cm (which are being raised in nurseries) are stocked in net-cages @ 45-50/sq. Yield in Grouper Fish Farming: A net cage of 5 meter x 5 meter x 3 meter (Length, Width and Height of the net cage) can yield up to 600 kg in about 7 months from stocking period assuming that the fishes weighing 600 grams are being harvested (collected).

The optimal techno parameters such as salinity, temperature should be maintained in the pond. The ideal salinity of 330 mg/l and temperature range 16-32 °C should be maintained in pond culture of grouper fish.

When it comes to pond size, generally it varies from 0.2 ha to 0.3 ha in area with a height of 1.5 meter to hold the water level with support of concrete dike. Generally in open pond system, green algae are formed because of sunlight and this needs to be removed frequently.

Scientific classification Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Chordata Class: Actinopterygii Order: Performed Family: Serranidae Subfamily: Epinephrine Tribe: Epinephrine Genus: Epimetheus Species: Binomial name Epimetheus chlorostigma Synonyms The brown spotted grouper (Epimetheus chlorostigma), also known as the brown spotted reef cod, brown spotted rock cod, coral grouper or honeycomb cod, is a species of marine ray-finned fish, a grouper from the subfamilyEpinephelinae which is part of the familySerranidae, which also includes the antics and sea basses. The brown spotted grouper has a body which has a standard length which is 2.8 to 3.3 times its depth.

The properly is slightly angular and has 4 to 7 enlarged serrations at the angle. The upper margin of the gill cover is straight.

The dorsal fin has 11 spines and 16-18 soft rays while the anal fin contains 3 spines and 8 soft rays. The caudal fin varies from truncate to slightly marginate.

This is a pale species of grouper which is covered in a dense pattern of small brown spots apart from the lower part of the head, chest and lower abdomen which lack spotting. They can sometimes temporarily show large dark spots which overlay the normal body pattern.

The maximum recorded total length attained is 80 centimeters (31 in), although a more common length is 50 centimeters (20 in), and the maximum published weight is 7 kilograms (15 lb). The brown spotted grouper occurs over a wide range of habitats such as seagrass beds and outer reef slopes, as well as over mud bottoms.

It is a solitary species which is a predator on small fishes and crustaceans, mainly stomatopods and crabs. This species is a protogynous hermaphrodite and the change in sex from female to male takes place between 35–45 centimeters (14–18 in), although not all the females undergo this change.

The adults form spawning aggregations. As other fish, the Epimetheus cholorostigme has many parasites, including nematodes in its intestine, such as Cumulants epinepheli, and several species of monogeneans on its gills, including Pseudorhabdosynochus Canopus, Pseudorhabdosynochus epinepheli, Pseudorhabdosynochus podocyanus, Pseudorhabdosynochus stimulus, Pseudorhabdosynochus eroticizes and the Nigerian Cathartic lochepintade in its intestine.

The brown spotted grouper was first formally described as Serra nus chlorostigma in 1828 by the FrenchzoologistAchille Valentines (1794-1865) with the type locality given as the Seychelles. E. chlorostigma is a member of a species complex comprising three species which are characterized by having a truncate or marginate caudal fin, a body covered in dense spotting apart from their underparts, a slightly angular properly with slightly enlarged serrations at the angle, a straight upper edge to the gill cover and a similar count of gill makers.

The three species are E. chlorostigma, E. Gabrielle and E. Polynesia. The fish in the Red Sea, northwestern Indian Ocean and the Gulf of Aden are separated by some authorities as the valid species, Epimetheus Geoffrey.

It is this species which has been recorded in the Mediterranean Sea having entered it via the Suez Canal from the Red Sea as a Lesseps migrant. The brown spotted grouper is targeted by fisheries throughout its distribution.

Groupers of the world (family Serranidae, subfamily Epinephrine). An annotated and illustrated catalog of the grouper, rock cod, hind, coral grouper and lyre tail species known to date (PDF).

“Bucephalidae (Diogenes) from epinephrine (Serranidae: Performed) from the waters off New Caledonia, including Cathartic lochepintade n. SP”. “Two new species of nematode parasites, Cumulants epinepheli SP.

n. (Cucullanidae) and Procamallanus (Spirocamallanus) sinusitis SP. n. (Camallanidae), from marine serrated and hauled fishes off New Caledonia” (PDF).

“Monogeneans from Epimetheus chlorostigma (Val.) (Performed: Serranidae) off New Caledonia, with the description of three new species of diplectanids”.

“Are all species of Pseudorhabdosynochus strictly host specific? “A redescription of Pseudorhabdosynochus epinepheli (Yamagata, 1938), the type-species of Pseudorhabdosynochus Yamagata, 1958 (Monotone: Diplectanidae), and the description of P. satyr n. SP.

^ Daniel Golan; Gregory Kasparov; Yuri Dashes (2015). “First record of the Red Sea spotted grouper, Epimetheus Geoffrey (Cunninger, 1870) (Serranidae) in the Mediterranean”.

Biological Features Body elongate, not very compressed; teeth on midsize of lower jaw in 2 rows; nostrils subequal; Serra at corner of properly moderately enlarged; fourth dorsal spine usually longest; membranes of spinors portion of dorsal fin incised; caudal fin rounded; pelvic fins not reaching anus. Light grayish brown dorsally, shading to whitish on side and centrally, with numerous brownish orange or brownish yellow spots the size of pupil or smaller on head and body; 5 slightly diagonal grayish brown bars on head and body which bifurcate centrally, the first 4 extending basally into dorsal fin; brownish orange spots on body tend to be arranged in rows parallel to dark bars, this more evident on smaller than larger fish; large dark grayish brown blotches usually present on head, the most prominent behind eye and on operate; fins whitish to light dusky with brownish orange to brown spots except distally on spinors portion of dorsal fin, caudal fin and pectoral.

Unpublished data record maximum weight as 32 kg and length of male at maturity of 120 cm TL. Historical Background Groupers are generally cultured in floating net cages or earthen ponds, but cage culture is more common in Southeast Asia.

In 1979, the Pelf Station of the Taiwan Fisheries Research Institute (Teri) started artificial propagation by using hormone-inducing technique. E. Coioides is one of the two major cultured groupers in Taiwan P C. The National Mari culture Center, Bahrain has conducted mass fry production trials of this species since 1992.

Grouper pond production is becoming an attractive alternative to intensive shrimp culture in countries where management problems have forced growers to abandon shrimp farming. Main Producer Countries The map shown below is constructed from FAO reported statistics for this species.

Habitat and Biology Epimetheus coincides occurs in the western Indian Ocean from the southern Red Sea to Natal and east to the western Pacific where it is distributed from Ryukyu Islands to New South Wales. It ranges east into Oceania only to Paley in the Northern Hemisphere and Fiji in the Southern.

Orange-spotted groupers inhabit turbid coastal reefs and are often found in brackish water over mud and rubble. Juveniles are common in the shallow waters of estuaries over sand, mud and gravel and among mangroves, feeding on small fish, shrimp, and crabs.

They probably spawn during restricted periods and form aggregations when doing so and the eggs and early larvae are probably pelagic. Seed Supply and Hatchery Techniques Brooders of E. coincides are stocked in separate 50 m 3 tanks.

Most of the brooders are collected from the wild and reared for 1 to 7 years using seawater at a constant temperature of 27-28 °C and 45 ‰, following standard culture methods. The fish are fed with frozen sardines, mackerels, cuttlefish, squids and top-shell clams because these foods have high contents of cholesterol, phospholipids and polyunsaturated fatty acids.

At the National Mari culture Center in Bahrain orange spotted grouper eggs are collect following standard methods. Under a constant temperature regime of 27-28 °C, natural spawning was maintained during a 33-month period between October 1992 and July 1995 and the total number of eggs collected during that period was 279 million.

Daily floating egg rates varied from 5.6 to 69.6 per cent (average 36.8 percent). Whenever brooders do not spawn naturally, mature females and males are selected from bloodstock tanks and injected with Human Chorionic Gonadotropin (HCG) at 700 and 500 IU/kg By respectively.

There were over ten grouper breeder farms raising >10 000 spawners in Southern Taiwan P.C. The eggs are incubated in the same tank with moderate aeration and running water until they hatch.

Newly open-mouth larvae are fed once a day with enriched Fractions plicatilis, Sportier of 160-180 µm size at a density of 5-6 conifers/ml. At TL 6-25 mm, the larvae are also fed enriched Artemis Naples to satiation for 1 to 3 hrs once in the afternoon.

Hatchery reared or wild-caught fry are nursed in tanks or APA nets until they reach 6 cm. Once natural food is abundant, adult tilapia are added at a stocking density of 5 000-10 000/ha to produce fingerlings to serve as live prey for the groupers.

Grouper fingerlings (~6 cm TL) are added at 5 000-10 000/ha at least a month after the release of adult tilapia. Sorting and grading of the fingerlings is carried out weekly to prevent cannibalism and to minimize competition for space and food.

If tilapia fingerlings are not abundant, supplementary feeding is carried out using chopped fish at 5 per cent By/day, half early in the morning and the rest late in the afternoon. Fish are fed with appropriate fresh or frozen chopped fish daily at 10 per cent By or with pelleted feeds 3 per cent By, half early in the morning and half late in the afternoon.

0.5 per cent vitamin and mineral premix is added to the properly thawed trash fish before feeding. Floating net cages should be moved to a new site every 2-3 years of culture to allow deteriorating bottom conditions to recover.

The duration of culture in the grow-out phase is 4-7 months, depending on the preferred size at harvest. Fish are harvested by seine in the early morning or late afternoon.

The water is disturbed (agitated) two hours before harvest to prevent occurrence of rigid muscles in the fish. It is advisable to install 8×2x1.5 or 8×4x1.5 m net cages (25 mm mesh) in the ponds to hold fish temporarily.

The net cage should be inspected for any damage and then lifted slowly from one side to concentrate the fish in one corner. Care must be taken to avoid loss of scales or causing lesions on fish during harvesting.

Handling and Processing Harvested fish are stocked in an aerated conditioning tank. To slow metabolic activity, the water temperature is slowly lowered to 20 °C (2-3 °C/hr) by adding crushed ice in plastic bags or by using cooling pumps.

The bags are packed in styrofoam boxes to which an adequate amount of frozen gel packs, ice bags or frozen water in sealed plastic bottles wrapped in old newspapers is added to keep the temperature low during transportation. This method is suitable for air transport for a period not exceeding 8 hours after packing.

Other large factors are feed (30 percent), followed by administrative expenses and fuel and power requirements for heater/chillers and automatic feeders. Diseases and Control Measures In some cases antibiotics and other pharmaceuticals have been used in treatment but their inclusion in this table does not imply an FAO recommendation. DiseaseAgentTypeSyndromeMeasuresBlister diseaseIridovirus GIV-2VirusHighly localized severe inflammation of epidermal and dermal layer; dermis necrotized, containing exudation and hemorrhagic infiltration at the area of intact layer; presence of icosahedral to round-shaped virions with a diameter of 180-200 nm in infected liver, spleen, kidney and lesions Good prophylaxis & good husbandry conditionsVibriosisVibrio SPP. BacteriaSignificant numbers of monogenean parasites causing gill lesions observedVaccination, good prophylaxis & good husbandry conditionsParasitic InfestationsCryptobia SP, Scythia SP.

Neobenedenia Giselle Graphic SP. Protozoans Monogeneans Isopods and gill lesions; pigmentation; ulceration; skin area haemorrhagesGood prophylaxis & good husbandry conditionsSwim-Bladder SyndromeUndiagnosed or unknownOver-inflation of the swim bladder; loss of buoyancy control Good prophylaxis & good husbandry conditions Popeye (Exopthalmosis)Undiagnosed or unknownExtremely bulging eyes No known successful treatment Suppliers of Pathology Expertise. Aquatic Animal Health Research Institute, Department of Fisheries, Kasetsart University Campus, Natural, Bangkok, Thailand.

National Mari culture Center, Directorate of Marine Resources, Bahrain. Generally, groupers are a popular food fish and it is estimated that the market demand may reach 100 000 tonnes per year in 2020.

Therefore, sustainable aquaculture of groupers and their related species deserves further development. Restaurants display live groupers in Aquarian fitted with water recirculation systems.

As production techniques have improved and off-flavours have been controlled in Taiwan P.C., Singapore and Japan by keeping the market-sized fish in tanks with running water for two days without feeding, orange-spotted groupers have moved into the mainstream seafood markets of developed countries. In highly industrialized countries, small markets for live groupers or frozen imports developed among immigrant communities.

With the appearance of fresh grouper fillets from tropical countries, new markets opened in upper echelon restaurants, casual dining restaurant chains, hypermarkets and discount stores. Virtually all casual dining restaurant chains in the Orient feature groupers, which are an ideal addition to the menu due to their reasonable price, year-round supply, mild, delicious flavor and flexibility in preparation.

China, a major exporter of groupers, has great potential for market development to supply a rapidly growing middle class. Groupers are considered as a high-value species with a high potential for contributing to the economic development of these countries.

The expanding trade in live groupers of various ages and stages, whether for aquaculture or for seafood restaurants, has increased demand since 2006. The development of new faster-growing strains through selective breeding techniques and use of Intensive cost-effective recirculation systems are imperative to increase the production.

The main issues constraining the further development of orange spotted grouper farming include: Although grouper culture is widespread in Asia and the Pacific, its continued development is constrained by the limited availability of fingerlings.

Most economies, except China Taiwan P.C., rely almost totally on wild-caught fry and fingerlings for stocking. The inadequate supply of seed is further aggravated by lack of appropriate handling techniques during collection, transport and storage of collected fish, and sometimes by an unregulated management of the wild stocks.

There is a lack of appropriate techniques for efficient grouper culture to marketable sizes. A major production constraint is heavy mortality of groupers during the collection and culture phases due to handling stress and diseases.

Research to solve these problems is under way in Japan, Taiwan P.C., Thailand and Bahrain. Used during production mainly to prevent and treat bacterial disease, antibiotics are leading to the development of antibiotic-resistant bacteria that are pathogenic to humans.

The development of antibiotic resistance by pathogenic bacteria is considered to be one of the most serious risks to human health at the global level. Many countries around the world have introduced, changed or tightened national regulations on the use of antibiotics, in general and within the aquaculture sector.

Integrated efforts could help to explain the development of intensive productions systems and answer questions raised by the public. Thus, they are the most suitable people to interact with farm operatives and government inspectors in examining the animals and deciding whether they are showing signs of good health and well-being.

The demand for wild seed has led to unsustainable and illegal practices such as the use of cyanide to capture large numbers of seed with relatively low investment in time and effort. Grouper fisheries that are based on illegal or destructive fishing practices underline the urgent need for habitat protection and sustainable utilization of natural resources.

Artificial propagation of the grouper, Epimetheus skills at the marine finish hatchery in Tanning Doming, Terengganu, Malaysia. In: W. Fischer & G. Bianchi (eds), FAO Species Identification Sheets, Western Indian Ocean.

Tan (eds), Proceedings of the Third Asian Fisheries Forum, 26-30 October 1992, Singapore, pp. Hatchery production of grouper, Epimetheus coincides, and rabbit fish, Signs canaliculatus, at the National Mari culture Center, Bahrain: 1995.

National Mari culture Center, Directorate of Fisheries, Ministry of Works & Agriculture, State of Bahrain. Hatchery production of the grouper, Epimetheus coincides, at the National Mari culture Center, Bahrain: 1993-1994.

National Mari culture Center, Directorate of Fisheries, Ministry of Works & Agriculture, State of Bahrain. Sexual maturation, length and age in some species of Kuwait fish related to their suitability for aquaculture.

Revision of Indo-Pacific groupers (Performed: Serranidae: Epinephrine), with descriptions of five new species. Aquaculture Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center, Manila, Philippines.

One of my coworkers asked me what I think the best tasting fish in the world is recently and I had to think about it for a minute, then realized I’m pretty torn on my top 5 but can at least narrow down my favorites to only a handful. After that I started bouncing around the web a little and noticed that there’s not a single good rankings of the best tasting fish in the world, so I figured I’d toss together a quick list of the best tasting fish around.

I grew up with a boat in Florida and spent several days a week on the water. So no, I’m not qualified to write the definitive rankings for ‘the best tasting fish in the world’ but my list is better than yours, so suck it.

We used to catch these in the Smokey Mountains in North Carolina when I was a kid and would cook them camping. The flat body lends it perfectly too cooking, just prepare it with a little lemon butter and/or fry it up and you’re in business.

Caught from the Chesapeake Bay on down to the Florida Keys and all throughout the Caribbean, it’s one of my all-time favorites. People salivate over swordfish like it’s a gift from the gods, but sometimes it’s really not all that tasty.

I think what people tend to forget is the fish you’re ordering in a restaurant has been vetted, it’s not some bottom feeding specimen you pulled in on your buddy’s Boston Whaler, this is a restaurant-caliber fish and holy shit is Cod delicious. 19) Speckled Sea Trout: For a while these fish were hard to come by in parts of Florida.

Due to a combination of random cold fronts and a few brutal hurricanes the speckled sea trout fishery was decimated. You can pretty much catch them on any grass flat across Florida or throughout the Gulf of Mexico, and they’ll strike anything that’s shiny and moves.

18) Chilean Sea Bass: Fun fact, the Chilean Sea Bass has forever been known as the ‘Patagonian Tooth fish’, but apparently that name wasn’t very marketable and the fish didn’t sell much worldwide. As I’ve stated before the best fish is whatever’s freshest, and if you can get fresh salmon (Pacific Northwest on up) it’s tasty as hell.

If you’re deeply into salmon it’s simply because you haven’t tasted enough other fish yet to know what you actually like. Actual yellowtail caught from the cool waters of California is fucking delicious, and it’s also a fish that fights like hell so if you catch it yourself it tastes even better because you feel like you’ve truly earned that fish.

15) Catfish: Blackened or fried, this is one of the best tasting fish worldwide BUT ONLY when it’s prepared by someone who knows how to season and cook it properly. 14) Blue Marlin: I didn’t want to include this on my list only because I don’t actively support the killing of billfish.

I have however eaten fresh blue marlin after one (of 3) we caught out of Los Stenos Marina in Costa Rica died after a 90-minute fight. The mates filleted it there and it was probably top 3 pieces of fish I’ve ever eaten in my life.

It would be lower on the list if there were more blue marlin in the ocean, but they really shouldn’t be taken (and subsequently eaten) unless the fish died in battle. I discovered Halibut way too late in life and I’ve been making up for lost time in the past few years.

The last Dover Sole I had been at Carbone here in NYC (in Greenwich Village), and it was so expertly prepared that I found myself eating every last morsel of the fish skin, which is something I never do. Eat it raw, sear it, thinly slice it and cover it with a little soy sauce and this is one of the most exquisite tasting fishes in the world.

You might know this fish as ‘Ono’ depending on where you live in the world, that’s what the Hawaiians refer to it as. If I were on death row and could request my final meal it’d be fried whole Dogfish Snapper (probably prepared by S.A.L.T.

The Dogfish is amongst the most iconic fish in the state of Florida, and one of the most sought after in the world. It’s a fish that’s been exploited by commercial fisherman and at one point it was on the verge of a complete species collapse.

Well, it’s rebounding (slowly), and I’ve become more open to eating the most exquisite fish in the ocean. Not too long ago I had a piece of Blue fin Tuna sushi at Sushi Nakamura in NYC’s West Village (the same Nakamura from Miro Dreams of Sushi on Netflix), and I swear to God I didn’t want to chew because the tuna in my mouth was so good I was worried I’d never taste anything that delicious again for the rest of my life.

Honorable Mentions: Cobra, Pompano, Blackish, Mullet, and Bluefish. When I relocated, I found it very difficult to identify the fishes in the local market.

Some new varieties of fishes, i didn't know the name of others, but still got a lot of help from the fishmongers at the souk. I knew the local name of most fishes but in a foreign land it was difficult to select some.

Many fishes looked the same :) So here you find the local names and their English names along with pictures so that one can identify the fishes easily with no further confusion. The fish glossary contains fish name with picture, translation from English to Malayalam, Tamil, Kannada, Telugu, Hindi, Contain, Bengali, Oriya, Marathi, Arabic for the UAE and gulf market and Tagalog names for my Filipino friends, also some common fish names of India, UAE, Philippines and names in Sindhi and Bloch.

Tagalog (also in the Philippines): Delis, Slag, Aliasing, Molina, Minimum Anchovy is distinguished from smelt by the wide mouth and long eyes and relative position of fins with dorsal wholly behind.

The European Anchovy is related to herring and are oily fishes The European anchovy or common names as Anchor European, Anchovies, Asia, Anshuga, Anchovy, Southern African anchovy, Japanese anchovy, Banjos, Anchois DE l'Antique austral, Account di Faro lives, Alice 'e prone, Cicinielli janculilli (popular in Italy), Antenna or Europäische Marielle or Katakuchiiwashi lives off the coasts of Europe and Africa, including in the Mediterranean Sea, the Black Sea.

It has a silver underbelly and blue, green or gray back and sides. Cilia, Golden Anchovy or Mandela as popularly known in Maharashtra.

Butter fish is a market name for several types of fish. Mostly for the oily or butter content in these fishes they are locally known so. In Kerala Seer fish, Cobra and Punnarameen / Poona been(Greater amber jack) are confused as butter fish.

Escobar is often sold under various names like “butter fish”, “Hawaiian walk”, “Scale Mackerel” or “super white tuna”. Butter fish is also known as Chinese pom fret or white pom fret fish or pompano American butter fish is also known as dollar fish, shiner, skip jack, sleepyhead, or harvest fish.

Arabic: Hammer, , Amour, Demand, harder, kosher, khulkhull Amour is the brown spotted reef cod, also known as Human or Hamburg Haldane Larva in Persian.

Jewish(Ghoul, croaked) Commonly known as Frog fish and belongs to the Drums family. Croaked fish is known for its sweet flavor and tender white meat.

Others: Bar POA, Lamb, Bola, Ran Bola, Law bola(Bengali) hook ()Fake, dollar(contain)Coma, Gold, Bali, Jodi, Data, Bengal Corina, Villa Janelle, kazoos patella, bola Also refer to seer fish, in India Seer fish is popularly called king fish.

Yellowtail King fish, has white, firm flesh and is renowned for its high level of Omega 3 and other beneficial fatty acids. The king fish lives up to its name and is one of the finest fish in all the oceans.

King fish generally have a blue or blue-green color on their back, and a white-silver below. Small king fish are commonly referred as “Rats”.

Common names are yellowtail amber jack, yellowtail king fish, great amber jack(Serious Leland), Hiragana King fish, Burn, Amber jack, Silver king, Nicola, Baku, MAGA, yellowtail jack, Sari Kursk, Coronado Samson fish is also known as Allied King fish; Sambo; Samson; Samson Fish; Sea King Fish and Sea King fish.

Red Mullet is also known as Carbon fish, Barbuda align, Baronial in Greece. This tiny fish which retrieves the needle from the river for the saint was named after him.

Red Mullet and Indian Goat fish Difference Red mullet and Indian goat fish (Parvenus indices) are often confused. The red mullets or mullets are two species of goat fish, Mulls Barbados and Mulls surmuletus, found in the Mediterranean Sea, east North Atlantic Ocean, and the Black Sea. They are both favored delicacies in the Mediterranean, and in antiquity were “one of the most famous and valued fish”.

Red mullet has a distinctive set of 4-5 broad, dark brown bands on the body. For a clear view check the picture with the close up of 2 mullets. Red mullet have an alternating blue and yellow lines on the head and snout, pink chin barbels with yellow tips, and blue spots in lines along the body. The red mullet is expensive since it tastes good and is easy to clean & bone.

Oriya: Kuwaiti Luna, Katrina, Batu Mach Rainbow trout also refer erred as Coast angel trout, Red band and Hard head in the USA, Balloons trout, Lord fish, Kaiser in Canada, Steel head, rainbow in Australia and UK, Moselle in Germany.

Koran, Rajah mas in Assam for Indian trout/ Trout barb (Bacillus Bola) Tamil Nadu : Manner Been (lake fish). It is not indigenous to India but an exotic Goldwater species brought by British angling enthusiasts separately into Kashmir, Himalayan regions, Sikkim, Himachal Pradesh, Anchal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Nigeria, Kodaikanal, Sooty, and Gunnar range of Kerala where cold waters in sufficient quantity and adequate quality is found.

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