Canada coronavirus cases surpass 585K as more politicians admit to holiday travel One in five Indigenous people lived in a dwelling in need of “major repairs,” compared with six per cent of the non-Indigenous population.
The federal government should prioritize skills and training for First Nations, Hart added, suggesting the booming youth population can help build homes in communities where they are so desperately needed. First Nations child advocate Cindy Black stock, the executive director of the First Nations Child and Family Caring Society, said the federal government needs to develop a clear timetable for addressing a problem it persists in understating.
“They really set up an architecture where we, as First Nations, are supposed to be thankful for this little first step of progress,” Black stock said, citing 110-year-old documents that show a causal link between government intransigence and Indigenous child deaths. Indigenous Services Minister Jane Pilot said the census data will be a valuable tool as the government continues to build her brand-new department, which will be focused on priorities like education, housing and drinking water.
“Indigenous populations are the youngest and fastest growing parts of Canadian society but that really allows us to see that as a real focus for our new department … it is making sure children are first.” Information identified as archived is provided for reference, research or record keeping purposes.
It is not subject to the Government of Canada Web Standards and has not been altered or updated since it was archived. The vast majority (96%) of Canadians belonging to a visible minority group will likely live in one of the 33 census metropolitan areas, and visible minority groups could comprise 63% of the population of Toronto, 59% of Vancouver and 31% of Montréal.
Canada's increasing visible minority population is not the only aspect of diversity projected to change. Other aspects of diversity include foreign-born, generation status, mother tongue and religious denomination.
According to demographic projections, the proportion of foreign-born people in the population could increase from 20% in 2006 to between 25% and 28% by 2031. The number of foreign-born Canadians could total between 9.8 and 12.5 million, depending on immigration levels.
By 2031, if current demographic trends continue, 47% of the second generation (the Canadian-born children of immigrants) will belong to a visible minority group, nearly double the proportion of 24% in 2006. Also, people born in China are more likely than South Asians to emigrate from Canada.
Canada's Black and Filipino populations, which were the third- and fourth-largest visible minority groups in 2006, could double in size by 2031. Allophones (people whose mother tongue is neither English nor French) accounted for less than 10% of Canada's population in 1981.
In other words, the number of allophones could rise 7 to 11 times faster than the rest of the population, to total between 11.4 and 14.3 million people. In the Census, visible minorities are defined as persons who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in color and who do not report being Aboriginal.
Canadian (3,109,770) was followed by English (2,808,810), Scottish (2,107,290), Irish (2,095,465), French (1,349,255), German (1,189,670), Italian (931,805), Chinese (849,340), East Indian (774,495) and Dutch (527,750). Among the top 10 ethnic origins, only English and French saw numerical declines between 2011 and 2016.
The bulk of the visible minority population live in Census Metropolitan Areas, including 3.0 million in Toronto. Ontario’s 374,395 people who self-identified as Aboriginal are not counted as part of the visible minority population.
In 2016, nearly all (98.3%) of Ontario’s visible minorities lived in Census Metropolitan Areas (CMA's). The Toronto CMA was home to 3,011,905 people identifying as visible minorities or 51.4% of its population, the first census above the 50% mark.
Ottawa-Gatineau (Ontario part) had the second highest proportion (25.0%) of visible minorities among all the 16 CMA's of the province. Greater Sudbury (3.7%), Thunder Bay (4.0%) and Belleville (4.1%) were the Ontario CMA's with the lowest proportions of visible minority population.
In Richmond Hill, visible minorities represented 60.0% of the population, the third highest in Ontario. In Mississauga, visible minorities represented 57.2% of the population, the fourth highest in Ontario.
South Asians, the largest visible minority, comprised 20.9% of Ajax’s population. This bar chart shows the share of visible minority population by province.
This pie chart shows the distribution of visible minorities in Ontario in 2016: South Asian at 29.6%, Chinese at 19.4%, Black at 16.2%, Filipino at 8.0%, Arab at 5.4%, Latin American at 5.0%, West Asian at 4.0%, Southeast Asian at 3.4%, Korean at 2.3%, Japanese at 0.8%, multiple visible minority at 3.3% and visible minority not identified elsewhere at 2.5%. This bar chart shows the proportion of visible minorities in Ontario CMA's in 2016.
This bar chart shows the highest proportions of visible minorities among Ontario municipalities in 2016. The highest were in Markham (77.9%), Brampton (73.3%), Richmond Hill (60.0%), Mississauga (57.2%), Ajax (56.7%) and Toronto (51.5%).
The population is growing at a steady pace and, based on current projections will surpass 50 million by 2070. Canada has one of the fastest growth rates of any G7 nation, growing faster than many other industrialized countries.
Unlike many other countries, Canada is “underpopulated” and celebrates a growing population. There are many job vacancies to be filled and more people mean more economic growth and prosperity for Canada.
The current population of Canada is 37,894,458, based on projections of the latest United Nations data. As you can see from the map in the section further down on the page, the majority of Canadians live in a narrow Southern belt along the border with the United States.
Summers are warm and winters are not too harsh, making the area suitable for agriculture. The population density is among the lowest in the world, mostly because a great deal of the country to the north is virtually uninhabited.
Toronto, meanwhile, is one of the largest metropolitan areas in the world with a density of 2,930 people per square kilometer. The largest city in Canada by population is Toronto, home to 2,615,060 people at the time of the 2011 census, and 2,731,571 in 2016.
The wider Toronto metropolitan area is over twice as populous, containing around 6 million people in total. Canada's second largest city is Montreal in Quebec, where 1,704,694 people live (up from 1,649,519 in 2011), followed in third place by Calgary in Alberta with 1,239,220 (up from 1,096,833).
Calgary is growing at almost twice the Canadian average, so if current trends continue it will no doubt overtake Montreal in the future. In the 5-year period, the city grew by nearly 21% en route to surpassing 500,000 residents.
Figures released on February 8, 2012, showed that the officially recorded population of Canada was 33,476,688. The country's population density is under 4 people per square kilometer, which ranks 228th in the world.
Virtually every major world religion, faith, or denomination has a significant number of members in Canada, including Christianity, Islam, Judaism, Buddhism, Hinduism, and Sikhism. As in some other countries, religion in Canada has been declining as more people are identifying themselves as religiously unaffiliated.
According to the 2011 National Household Survey, the last census data collected, 67% of Canadians were Christian, 24% had no religion, and 3.2% were Muslim. Canada is known for its universal healthcare system and generally taking care of its citizens, which is funded by relatively high tax rates of 33% for income take and 15% corporate taxes.
Government spending has accounted for slightly about 40% of the country's GDP for the past few years. Population growth has been fairly consistent over the past fifty years and shows no sign of slowing.
In fact, relative to its size, Canada is the largest importer of human capital in the Group of Seven, attracting even more immigrants per capita than the USA. Worldwide, Canada is 9th in crude net migration rate, and nearly 22% of Canadians identify themselves as immigrants.