By 2051, the number of centenarians could reach nearly 40,000 as the first wave of baby boomers approaches the century mark, Statistics Canada said Wednesday as it released additional results from last year’s census. That’s a record high and more than seven times the number counted in this age bracket 50 years ago.
By 2051, it’s expected that Canada will have just under 2.7 million people aged 85 and older as the youngest baby boomers turn 85. The number of Canadians living alone has more than doubled in the past 35 years, making single-person households the most common type, a new report by Statistics Canada shows.
It found the number of people living alone now comprises the largest demographic group in Canada, eclipsing couples with children. Galbraith says much of that increase is related to faster growth in the number of men living alone in those age groups.
In addition to increased life expectancies for men, the advent of no-fault divorce in Canada has contributed to the more even gender distribution of single-person households. “Part of this is reflecting the increasing rates of union dissolution that have occurred over the last few decades,” said Galbraith.
“We no longer, as a society, define adulthood as equating with being married, especially as more young people are pursuing higher education,” she said. Higher education is correlated with forming romantic unions and starting families at later ages, said Galbraith.
Eddy NG, a professor of business and economics at Jalousie University in Halifax with a specialty in demographics, has been in a LAT relationship for 10 years. Like many other academics, NG was compelled to move where tenure-track positions were on offer, first in California, and when that commute proved too long, to the East Coast.
Living alone has given him an intimate sense of the business opportunities for companies smart enough to stay abreast of this demographic trend. Service providers who offer things like snow clearing, housekeeping, home security and pet care can all capitalize on the boom in single-person households.
“One of the findings of this study is that people who live alone are more likely to have unaffordable shelter costs,” said Galbraith. Galbraith also says service providers who support seniors to live alone for longer and out of retirement homes are likely to do brisk business.
The number of people aged 85 and older grew by 19.4% over the period from 2011 to 2016, nearly four times the rate for the overall Canadian population. There were nearly two women for every man aged 85 and older, which mostly reflects the differences in life expectancy between the sexes.
In 2016, one-third (32.0%) of people aged 85 and older lived in collective dwellings such as nursing homes and residences for senior citizens. Many municipalities with a high proportion of people aged 85 and older in 2016 were located in British Columbia.
Japan is currently the country with the highest share of people aged 85 and older, with about 4.0% of its total population in this age group. In Canada, this population will likely continue to increase rapidly in coming decades because life expectancy is increasing and because the large baby boomer cohorts (people born between 1946 and 1965) will reach age 85 starting in 2031.
This decreasing trend over the last 15 years is mostly related to higher gains in life expectancy among men than women, which means that the gap in life expectancy between men and women is narrowing. Note 1 The first cohorts of baby boomers, born between 1946 and 1951, will be aged 100 and older by then.
About 247,000 people aged 85 and older were living in collective dwellings such as nursing homes, long-term care facilities and seniors' residences in 2016. Even though two out of three (66.6%) centenarians were living in collective dwellings (Chart 4), they represented a few the total number of people living in such dwellings, as there are few centenarians in Canada.
Moreover, three-quarters of residents of collective dwellings aged 85 and older were women, increasing to 86.1% among centenarians. Note 4 A small proportion of people aged 85 and older live in other types of collective dwellings, such as chronic and long-term care hospitals, residential care facilities for the physically handicapped or for people with psychiatric disorders or developmental disabilities, and religious establishments.
For more information, please consult the Census in Brief article Dwellings in Canada, Catalog no. Conversely, the proportion of people living in seniors' residences decreased from 39.7% to 22.1% for the same age groups.
The proportion living in facilities that provide multiple levels of care remained relatively stable across the different age groups, at about 20.0%. The information is grouped by Age group (appearing as row headers), Residences for senior citizens, Facilities with multiple levels of care, Nursing homes and Other, calculated using percent units of measure (appearing as column headers).
Age group Residences for senior citizensFacilities with multiple levels of carousing homesOtherpercent85 to 89 years39.719.935.35.090 to 94 years35.520.638.85.095 to 99 years29.719.845.25.4100 years and older126.96.36.199.8 The proportion of people aged 85 years and older was highest in Saskatchewan (2.5%) and New Brunswick (2.4%), closely followed by Nova Scotia, Quebec, Manitoba and British Columbia (all at 2.3%).
Saskatchewan's large share of people aged 85 and older in 2016 can be explained by its population history. In the 1920s and 1930s, after large waves of immigration, the province was the third most populous in Canada after Ontario and Quebec.
In the second half of the 20th century, Saskatchewan experienced much lower rates of population growth. New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Quebec and British Columbia also have older populations than the national average, but for different reasons: lower levels of immigration, losses to interprovincial migration, lower fertility rates and, in the case of British Columbia in particular, higher life expectancy.
The three territories have lower shares of people aged 85 and older than the provinces because of higher fertility rates and lower life expectancy, associated with large Aboriginal populations in the territories. In Newfoundland and Labrador and in Alberta, the share of people aged 85 and older is also lower than other provinces, but again for different reasons.
Newfoundland and Labrador has registered the lowest life expectancy among provinces for years. The information is grouped by Province/Territory (appearing as row headers), Growth, calculated using percent units of measure (appearing as column headers). Province/TerritoryGrowthpercent Canada Data table Note 1 2.2 Sask.
The top 10 municipalities (census subdivisions) of 5,000 or more inhabitants with the highest share of people aged 85 and older in 2016 are located in three provinces (Table 1). Seven of these municipalities are located in British Columbia with four of them on Vancouver Island, a region well known for attracting many seniors, partly because of its climate.
In three municipalities, the share of people aged 85 and older was at least three times the national average, with Sidney, British Columbia, ranked first in Canada, at 9.7%. The other two are Quality Beach, also in British Columbia, and Côte-Saint-Luc in the Montréal census metropolitan area, a municipality with many seniors' residences.
98-402-X2016002 for the list of municipalities (census subdivisions) with 5,000 or more inhabitants ranked by share of seniors aged 85 and older. Table 1 Top 10 municipalities (census subdivisions) of 5,000 residents or more with the highest proportion of people aged 85 and older, Canada, 2016Table summary This table displays the results of Top 10 municipalities (census subdivisions) of 5.
The information is grouped by Rank (appearing as row headers), Municipality, Total population, People aged 85 and older and Proportion, calculated using number and percent units of measure (appearing as column headers). RankMunicipalityTotal populationPeople aged 85 and olderProportionnumberpercent1Sidney, B.C. Random rounding and percentage distributions: To ensure the confidentiality of responses collected for the 2016 Census, a random rounding process is used to alter the values reported in individual cells.
Similarly, percentage distributions, which are calculated on rounded data, may not necessarily add up to 100%. In addition to response rates and other data quality information, the Guide to the Census of Population, 2016, Catalog no.
98-304-X, provides an overview of the various phases of the census, including content determination, sampling design, collection, data processing, data quality assessment, confidentiality guidelines and dissemination. This report was prepared by Laurent Martel and Janet Heyday of Statistics Canada's Demography Division, with the assistance of other staff members of that division and the collaboration of staff members of the Census Subject Secretariat, Census Operations Division, and Communications and Dissemination Branch.
Residences for senior citizens, also known as retirement homes, provide support with meals, housekeeping, laundry, medication supervision, assistance in bathing or dressing, etc. A facility that provides multiple levels of care offers a mix of services, which allows residents to receive the appropriate amount of support as needed.
All told, the city added 18,367 people compared to the year before, with 8,807 new residents due to natural increase (more births than deaths) and 9,560 due to net in-migration (more people moving here than moving away.) The civic census only asks residents for age and gender information every second or third year.
The decline was so sharp, the mayor said he wants to double-check the data against other measures, such as the number of births in Calgary maternity wards. The issue is compounded by the rapid growth in Bulgarians at the other end of the age spectrum.
Calgary Mayor Na heed ENSAI speaks to reporters about the 2019 civic census. The animated image below depicts interpolated census data, by broad age group, from 1999 to 2019.
The fastest growing community in 2019 was Mahogany with a population increase of 1,948, followed by Legacy, which grew by 1,116 residents, Nolan Hill at 1,051, Cornerstone with 1,019, and Red stone with 1,002.