Black grouper have large, powerful jaws that they used to ambush their prey. They also have teeth plates inside their throat that prevent prey from escaping after being swallowed.
They are particularly associated with the southern Gulf of Mexico, Florida Keys, Cuba, the Bahamas, and throughout the Caribbean. Annual catch limits are used for black grouper in the commercial and recreational fisheries.
Both the commercial and recreational fisheries have size limits to reduce harvest of immature black grouper. The commercial and recreational fishing seasons are closed from January through April to protect black grouper during their peak spawning period.
To reduce by catch, there are restrictions on the type of gear fishermen may use and where they can fish. Year-round and/or seasonal area closures for commercial and recreational sectors to protect spawning groupers.
Groupers are managed separately by commercial and recreational sector in Puerto Rico. Seasonal closure for black, red, tiger, yellow fin, and yellow edge groupers from February 1 through April 30.
Mycteroperca Monaco Near Threatened (IUCN 3.1) Scientific classification Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Chordata Class: Actinopterygii Order: Performed Family: Serranidae Subfamily: Epinephrine Genus: Mycteroperca Species: Binomial name Mycteroperca Monaco Synonyms Monaco Ararat Parr, 1787 Serra nus Monaco Play, 1860 Serra nus runners Play, 1860 Serra nus decimals Play, 1860 Serra nus Ararat Store, 1860 Serra nus cyclopomatus Play, 1861 Serra nus latepictus Play, 1861 Isotropic again Play, 1867 Mycteroperca Monaco var.
Myctoperca Monaco has an oblong, literally compressed body with a standard length which is 3.3 to 3.5 times its depth. It has an evenly rounded properly with no incisions or lobes at its angle.
The caudal fin is truncate to marginate, although it may be convex if spread widely. This species has an overall t’s an olive gray color and is marked with dark blotches and brassy hexagonal spots over the head and flanks.
This fish attains a maximum total length of 150 centimeters (59 in), although they are more common at around 70 centimeters (28 in) and a maximum published weight of 100 kilograms (220 lb). Mycteroperca Monaco occurs over rocky bottoms and coral reefs at depths of 10 to 30 meters (33 to 98 ft), however in the eastern Gulf of Mexico it is normally encountered at depths of more than 30 meters (98 ft).
It is usually a solitary species, the adults feeding mainly on fishes, such as grunts, snapper and herrings, and the juveniles feed on crustaceans. Black groupers have been recorded forming seasonal feeding aggregations along the outer continental shelf off Brazil, these coincide with spawning aggregations of some fish species the groupers prey on.
They are is a monastic protogynous hermaphrodites, and they form spawning aggregations and these have been reported from in the Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Sea. Females attain sexual maturity at around 5years old and at a length of around 82.6 centimeters (32.5 in) and the change of sex to males occurs when they are around 15 years old and at a mean length of 121.4 centimeters (47.8 in).
Groupers of the world (family Serranidae, subfamily Epinephrine). An annotated and illustrated catalog of the grouper, rock cod, hind, coral grouper and lyre tail species known to date (PDF).
Any time a charter captain fishes over a reef or wreck, he is looking at the water. In most cases he will determine that a school of AJS is present.
Of course, the ever present barracuda will also be there, but it is the AJ that tweaks interest. If I’m fishing the bottom, I will almost always inadvertently hook up with an AJ.
They really aren’t ” bad” eating, and I have seen AJ in the fish market at $6.99 a pound. Most of the worms appear in the meat toward the tail area of a filet.
But to a lot of people, the thought of worms automatically makes this fish inedible. I’ve caught Jewish (Goliath grouper) that were so full of worms it took quite a while to cut them out.
The difference in these fish that have worms is that I enjoy the flavor of grouper and have no problem with the worms. Just keep any squeamish people out of sight while you clean the fish.
If you like the flavor of the fish and don’t mind picking out the worms, by all means, keep one to eat. I filleted a whole red snapper today, a fish I've never used before, and I found a bunch of dark branching lines.
Regardless of the exact species of grouper you've hooked, you can expect a rugged fight, the possibility of a huge fish and -- if it's of legal harvest size -- an excellent meal at the end of the day. More than a few anglers dangling a line off the side of a party or charter boat, expecting the tap of a snapper taking the bait, have been rudely greeted by a sudden, sharp downward thrust of the rod.
In truth, the other end of the rig is attached to a grouper that has emerged from a crevice in the hard bottom or some hiding place in a wreck below. After grabbing the bait, the fish immediately heads back for its “safe house” in the structure.
If you're lucky enough to turn such a fish and keep it from tangling or cutting your line on the cover, a tug-o'-war is next in order. Because several species of grouper routinely reach 30-pound or greater weights, battling them can be brutal warfare.
Rather than cut squid or bait fish that attracts the snappers, you are better served by dropping a live minnow. Cigar minnows, craters, pinkish and finger mullet are some of the more popular of those forage fish.
In the northern Gulf, these fish ordinarily stay around rock bottom formations. Reds are fond of hiding in crevices and holes in rocky limestone bottoms and favor water 10 to 40 feet deep.
The fish has a speckled look to its sides, with brown coloration and a yellow tint near the mouth. The Goliath is a protected species, leaving the Warsaw as the largest of the family that can be harvested.
An offshore species, the Warsaw prefers depths of 250 to 650 feet, and is usually found around irregular bottoms or drop offs. These fish are grayish to dark reddish-brown all over, and their dorsal fin has a very long second spine sticking up.