Sardines seem to be generally accepted as a fish that is safe for dogs to consume due to their small size. Tilapia can be fed to dogs if it is cleaned properly (skinned, defined, and only the boneless fillets offered as food) and cooked thoroughly.
The Monterey Bay Aquarium Seafood Watch Program has also recommended tilapia harvested from Ecuador and Peru, which tend to be “greener” raised and therefore healthier options. The American Veterinary Medical Association does not recommend consumption of raw or undercooked fish by dogs of any life stage, including pregnant females and puppies.
Raw fish poses a greater risk of harboring and transmitting parasites embedded in the skin, muscle tissues, or internal organs. Uncooked fish skin is not safe for dogs to consume due to its potential to transmit parasites and bacteria.
Fish bones can cause aggravation or physical injury to your dog if the fragments are swallowed and the lining of the digestive tract is abraded or penetrated. Fish bones can even migrate through the walls of the stomach or the intestine and cause injury to adjacent organs and soft tissues.
Fresh fish is safe for pregnant females and puppies if it is properly cleaned, defined, cooked thoroughly, and offered in small amounts as a treat or as part of a balanced home-cooked diet. Depending on your dog’s nutritional needs and general health, fish can be offered either as a special treat or dietary supplement several times a week.
Fish may be a daily component of your dog’s diet if they require a hypoallergenic, novel source of protein to manage medical conditions such as allergies, arthritis, or inflammatory bowel disease. Your veterinarian will guide you on the amount of fish your dog’s diet should contain based on her age, weight, and medical needs, as well as the recommended brand of food.
Groupers are a large family of saltwater fish characterized by their stout bodies and over-sized mouths. Although a hardy, colorful and highly fascinating species of fish, groupers should only be kept by dedicated aquariums with ample space to raise them.
Although most aquarium varieties only grow to around 12 inches in length, they still require extremely large accommodations. Groupers are a large family of saltwater fish characterized by their stout bodies and over-sized mouths.
Most aquarium kept species of grouper are incredibly colorful and have complex patterns and markings on their bodies. They come in shades of red, yellow, orange, blue, green, purple, brown, white and black.
They also prefer aquariums with large open swimming spaces as well as plenty of hiding places. However, they are able to exist quite peacefully with larger species of fish and other groupers provided that they are housed in sufficiently large aquariums.
This is also important if you’re introducing a new fish to an aquarium with a grouper in it as it can respond aggressively towards new tank mates. Groupers are carnivores and should be fed on a varied diet of live and frozen foods like shrimp, bait fish, scallops and squid.
Swimming Region(s): Mid-Range Suitable Tank Mates: Other Non-Aggressive Species of Similar Size; Other Surgeon fish, Tangs, Unicorn fish Difficulty Of Care: Daily We share our hearts and homes (and for some lucky pups, even the foot of our beds) with our canine pals.
Many of the foods, such as fruits and vegetables, that humans digest just fine can wreak havoc on a dog’s body, causing severe health problems. On the other hand, some foods people eat can be introduced to a dog’s diet just fine, and even provide health benefits such as joint strength, better breath, and allergy immunity.
And be always mindful that even healthy foods fed in excess can lead to canine obesity, a major health concern for U.S. dogs. Almonds may not necessarily be toxic to dogs like macadamia nuts are, but they can block the esophagus or even tear the windpipe if not chewed completely.
Salted almonds are especially dangerous because they can increase water retention, which is potentially fatal to dogs prone to heart disease. They’ve got calcium, magnesium, antioxidants, and proteins, but while these nuts contain less fat than others, too many can lead to weight gain and other fat-related conditions.
As long as your dog isn’t lactose intolerant, which is rare, but still possible in canines, cheese can be a great treat. Chocolate contains toxic substances called methylxanthines, which are stimulants that stop a dog’s metabolic process.
A large amount can cause seizures, irregular heart function, and even death. If your dog does ingest chocolate, contact a veterinarian or Pet Poison Helpline as soon as possible.
Cinnamon and its oils can irritate the inside of dogs mouths, making them uncomfortable and sick. If they inhale it in powder form, cinnamon can cause difficulty breathing, coughing, and choking.
This funky fruit contains Laurie acid, which can help combat bacteria and viruses. Just be sure your dog doesn’t get its paws on the furry outside the shell, which can get lodged in the throat.
Cooked eggs are a wonderful source of protein and can help an upset stomach. Fish contains good fats and amino acids, giving your dog a nice health boost.
Except sardines, be sure to pick out all the tiny bones, which can be tedious but is definitely necessary. Garlic can create anemia in dogs, causing side effects such as pale gums, elevated heart rate, weakness, and collapse.
Poisoning from garlic and onions may have delayed symptoms, so if you think your dog may have eaten some, monitor him or her for a few days, not just right after consumption. Ham is high in sodium and fat, so while sharing a small piece is all right, it shouldn’t be a continuous habit.
Honey is packed with countless nutrients such as vitamins A, B, C, D, E, and K, potassium, calcium, magnesium, copper, and antioxidants. In addition to consuming honey, the sticky spread can also be used as a topical treatment for burns and superficial cuts.
As refreshing of a treat as ice cream is, it contains lots of sugar so it is best not to share with your dog. To avoid the milk altogether, freeze chunks of strawberries, raspberries, apples, and pineapples to give to your dog as a sweet, icy treat.
Macadamia nuts, part of the Proteaceae family, can cause vomiting, increased body temperature, inability to walk, and lethargy. They’re packed with good fats and proteins that can benefit your dog.
Just be sure to give peanuts in moderation, as you don’t want your dog taking in too much fat, which can lead to pancreas issues. It contains riboflavin and thiamine, both of which promote eye health and digestion, as well as small amounts of iron and protein.
Pork is a highly digestible protein, packed with amino acids, and it contains more calories per pound than other meats. As mentioned above, fully cooked salmon is an excellent source of protein, good fats, and amino acids.
It promotes joint and brain health and gives dog-immune systems a nice boost. However, raw or undercooked salmon contains parasites that can make dogs very sick, causing vomiting, diarrhea, dehydration, and, in extreme cases, even death.
A few shrimp now and then is fine for your dog, but only if they are fully cooked and the shell (including the tail, head, and legs) is removed completely. Shrimp are high in antioxidants, vitamin B-12, and phosphorus, but also low in fat, calories, and carbohydrates.
In moderation, cooked, fresh tuna is an excellent source of omega-3 fatty acids, which promotes heart and eye health. As for canned tuna, it contains small amounts of mercury and sodium, which should be avoided in excess.
Turkey is fine for dogs, but be sure to remove excess fat and skin from the meat. In fact, grains like wheat and corn are great sources of protein, essential fatty acids, and fiber.
For this reason, some foods are safe for humans to eat but may be toxic and potentially deadly for dogs. On the other hand, there are many human foods that are perfectly safe and even healthy for dogs to eat as an occasional treat.
Before feeding carrots to your dog, make sure to cut them into bite-size pieces to prevent choking. To prevent adverse effects, you should not feed your dog salty foods, such as chips or pretzels.
Peanut butter is a healthy and safe treat for dogs to eat in moderate amounts. Since peanut butter is high in fat and calories, it may lead to weight gain if he eats too much (4, 5).
Peanut butter commonly has extra ingredients added to it, such as salt, which could be harmful to your dog (3). Salmon is a great source of omega-3 fatty acids, which are known to reduce inflammation and may help keep your dog’s skin and fur healthy (8, 9).
This is because chocolate contains theobromine and caffeine, two stimulants that dogs cannot efficiently metabolize (11). If your dog eats chocolate, he may exhibit symptoms like vomiting, diarrhea and dehydration.
These symptoms may lead to more serious complications, such as internal bleeding, muscle tremors, seizures and death (12). Due to the fat and lactose content of cheese, some dogs may have digestive symptoms, such as stomach pain and diarrhea, after eating it (13, 14).
To avoid unpleasant symptoms, it is best to introduce cheese into your dog’s diet gradually. Blueberries are a rich source of disease-fighting antioxidants and provide a significant amount of vitamins, minerals and fiber, all of which may benefit your dog’s health (15, 16, 17, 18).
Moreover, blueberries are low in calories and small, making them an excellent health-conscious treat for your dog (15). Salt is often added to popcorn, which can lead to serious complications if your dog eats too much.
Butter and oil are other common popcorn ingredients that are high in fat and may lead to pancreatitis in dogs if over-consumed (3, 11, 19). Plain, unsalted and roasted cashews are safe for most dogs to eat in moderation.
However, cashews are high in fat and calories and may lead to weight gain and pancreatitis when consumed in excess (4, 11). Macadamia nuts contain an unknown toxin that may lead to vomiting, muscle weakness, tremors, hyperthermia and depression when dogs consume them, even in small amounts (20).
Additionally, macadamia nuts have a high fat content, which may elevate your dog’s triglyceride levels and potentially lead to pancreatitis. Almonds are also high in fat and calories and have the potential to cause weight gain and pancreatitis in dogs.
Additionally, pineapple is full of many vitamins, minerals and fiber, making it an excellent nutrient-dense snack for your dog (21). Similar to other foods, dogs may experience symptoms like nausea and diarrhea if they eat too much pineapple.
It can damage your dog’s red blood cells, reducing their ability to carry oxygen through the body. Anemia in dogs is characterized by a variety of symptoms, including lethargy, weakness, decreased appetite and fainting.
Watermelon is safe for dogs to eat, as long as it doesn’t contain the rind or seeds. Watermelon rinds and seeds could be a choking hazard, and some people claim that they can cause digestive problems in dogs.
However, some dogs may experience digestive issues, such as nausea and diarrhea, after consuming cottage cheese (14). For these reasons, you should limit your dog’s cottage cheese intake to one or two small spoonfuls per day or less.
Plain white or whole grain bread is safe for most dogs to eat as an occasional treat. Before feeding your dog bread, make sure it doesn’t contain any extra ingredients, such as raisins, which could be potentially harmful.
Additionally, keep in mind that bread, along with other foods, adds extra calories to your dog’s diet and may cause weight gain if he eats too much. It may lead to fluid accumulation in their lungs and chest, which can cause breathing difficulties, oxygen deprivation and even death (11).
Person is found in all parts of the avocado, including the fruit, pit, leaves and bark. Corn is a good source of some vitamins and minerals and common ingredient in many types of dog food.
While green tomatoes are not toxic to people, anecdotal evidence suggests it may harm dogs. Dogs that consume too much romaine from tomatoes may experience nausea, an abnormal heart rate, muscle weakness and difficulty breathing.
As with all foods, you should feed oatmeal to your dog in moderation to prevent him from gaining weight (4). Caffeine stimulates your dog’s nervous system, which can lead to a number of symptoms, including hyperactivity, vomiting, diarrhea, elevated heart rate, seizures and tremors (11, 31).
Lung failure and abnormal heart rhythm may result from too much caffeine, which can ultimately lead to death (31, 32). However, you should never feed your dog apple seeds, as they contain cyanide, a chemical that can be poisonous in large amounts.
In severe cases, dogs may need a blood transfusion if they consume high amounts of garlic. Broccoli is a low-calorie vegetable that contains high amounts of many nutrients, making it a very healthy snack for your dog (36).
However, broccoli contains isothiocyanates, which are compounds that may irritate your dog’s digestive system if he eats too much. Additionally, it is important to avoid feeding your dog raw chicken to prevent a Salmonella infection (40).
Keep in mind that too much vitamin A can lead to bone problems and muscle weakness in dogs. It’s a sugar substitute that’s often found in candy, chewing gum, baked goods and toothpaste.
When dogs consume Capitol, it may lead to a rapid drop in blood sugar levels and symptoms like muscle weakness and seizures (11, 43, 44). The effects of Capitol in dogs have the potential to lead to more serious complications, such as liver damage and even death (11).
It is important to note that coconut oil is high in fat and calories and thus best consumed in moderation by dogs to avoid weight gain. If a dog consumes too much alcohol, it can result in more severe symptoms, such as heart attack, lung failure, coma and even death (11).
Cooked pork without added spices, seasonings or sauces is safe for dogs to eat. If dogs consume cinnamon in large quantities, it may irritate their mouths and digestive system.
Plus, if your dog inhales cinnamon powder, it may cause coughing, choking and breathing difficulties (45). Even foods that contain cinnamon as an ingredient, such as baked goods, may lead to adverse effects if your dog consumes too much.
Mangoes are very healthy for dogs in small amounts, as they provide several vitamins and minerals, in addition to lots of fiber (46). Before you feed your dog mangoes, make sure to peel them, as the skin can be hard for him to digest.
It may cause disorientation, increased heart rate, high blood pressure, dry mouth, stomach pain and seizures (47). Honey has a high sugar content, which can add up in calories and contribute to weight gain if your dog eats too much (4).
If you want to feed your dog honey as a treat every once in a while, it is best to provide him with only a very small amount. Lactose intolerance is common in dogs, which may cause loose stools, gas, vomiting, stomach pain and diarrhea (14).
However, avoid giving your dog turkey that has been seasoned and stuffed to prevent him from eating potentially harmful ingredients, such as onions and garlic. You can feed rice to your dog on its own or combined with a little of chicken or turkey for extra protein.
This is because the skins of lemons and limes contain a substance called morale, which can cause dogs to have gastrointestinal symptoms like vomiting and diarrhea (49). If very large amounts of morale are consumed by dogs, more severe symptoms, such as muscle tremors, difficulty walking, liver failure and death, can result.
Some people also claim that bananas help relieve nausea in dogs, but this has not been proven by scientific evidence (51). You can mix some mashed banana with your dog’s regular food or feed him a slice or two as an occasional treat.
Strawberries make a very healthy treat for dogs, as they are low in calories but high in nutrients, antioxidants and fiber (52). Before feeding your dog strawberries, make sure to cut them into small pieces to prevent choking.
Plain, unsalted peanuts are safe for dogs to eat in small quantities. Similar to other nuts, peanuts are high in fat and may contribute to weight gain and pancreatitis if your dog eats too many of them (4, 11).
Before feeding your dog celery, cut it into bite-size pieces to prevent choking and make it easier for him to digest. Shrimp is a healthy treat for dogs, as it’s an excellent source of protein and provides a significant amount of vitamins and minerals (61).
However, you should avoid feeding raw shrimp to your dog, as it may contain harmful bacteria that could make him sick. All foods should be introduced into your dog’s diet gradually, so you can monitor him for adverse effects like allergic reactions.