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Black Grouper Yield

author
Elaine Sutton
• Thursday, 12 November, 2020
• 16 min read

Typically, has olive or gray body coloration with black blotches and brassy spots; gently rounded properly. It is usually solitary and skittish until spawning time, when it gathers en masse.

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(Source: www.bhphotovideo.com)

Contents

It is found in tropical or subtropical waters of the central western Atlantic. Spawns between May and August; protogynous hermaphrodites, young predominantly female, transforming into males as they grow larger; larger individuals generally in greater depths; feeds on fish and squid.

Range & Habitat: Black grouper are found in the western Atlantic, from Massachusetts and Bermuda to Brazil, including the southern Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean. Additional types of fishing gear include spears, pots and traps.

Recommended Preparation: Remove skin before cooking to avoid strong flavor. Groupers belong to one of the largest and most widely distributed families of fish, the sea basses.

Because of limited commercial supplies of the true black grouper (Mycteroperca SPP. Some processors call gag “the grouper of choice,” since it offers better yield and firmer meat.

The taste of most groupers is similar, with slight differences in flavor and texture, depending on size, species and location of harvest. Cooked, the white meat has a very firm texture and heavy flake and remains moist.

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(Source: rollingharbour.com)

In the South, blackened grouper is a favorite preparation, but this versatile fish can be fried, grilled, skewered or used in chowders and soups. Larger whole grouper can be roasted, and large fillets should be butterflied before grilling because of their thickness.

Groupers belong to one of the largest and most widely distributed families of fish, the sea basses. Because of limited commercial supplies of the true black grouper (Mycteroperca SPP.

Some processors call gag “the grouper of choice,” since it offers better yield and firmer meat. French Name:German Name:Spanish Name:Introduction:Groupers belong to one of the largest and most widely distributed families of fish, the sea basses.

Some processors call gag “the grouper of choice,” since it offers better yield and firmer meat. Product Profile:Groupers have a mild but distinct flavor, somewhere between bass and halibut.

The taste of most groupers is similar, with slight differences in flavor and texture, depending on size, species and location of harvest. Cooked, the white meat has a very firm texture and heavy flake and remains moist.

grouper
(Source: www.supremelobster.com)

Cooking Tips:In the South, blackened grouper is a favorite preparation, but this versatile fish can be fried, grilled, skewered or used in chowders and soups. Larger whole grouper can be roasted, and large fillets should be butterflied before grilling because of their thickness.

Abstract Opaque rings on sectioned monoliths from Warsaw grouper, Epimetheus nitrites (N = 124), and black grouper, Mycteroperca Monaco (N = 172), were used to estimate age and growth. The aging structures from Warsaw grouper were obtained by dockside sampling of head boat landings from North Carolina through the Florida Keys.

The weight-length relationship for Warsaw grouper is W = 2.09 × 10 -5 L 2.9797, and for black grouper is W = 5.548 × 10 -6 L 3.141, where W = weight in grams and L = total length in millimeters. The on Bertanlanffy growth equation for Warsaw grouper is L t = 2,394 (1·e -0.0544(1 + 3.616)), and for black grouper is L t = 1,352 (1·e -0.1156(1 + 0.927)), where t = age in years and L = total length in millimeters.

Both species have growth characteristics that are similar to most other errands studied along the southeastern United States. Age and Growth of the Warsaw Grouper and Backgrounder from the Southeast Region of the United States.

Estimates of recruitment from 2002 to 2004 are below average and fishing mortality rates from 2002 to 2004 are above the Maximum Sustainable Yield (May) level. Amendment 4 (1992) established a 20-inch total length (TL) minimum size; Amendment 9 (1999) increased the minimum size to 24 inches TL, created a 2-fish recreational bag and a March-April closure (bag limit only, no sale).

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(Source: www.youtube.com)

Recreational ACL 340,060 lbs gutted weight and included in the aggregated grouper bag limit of which one fish may be a gag or black grouper. Transformation to the male generally occurs around 10 years and greater than 39 inches TL.

This proposed rule would establish a seasonal closure of the recreational and commercial fisheries for gag and associated grouper species; establish a seasonal closure of the recreational fishery for vermilion snapper; reduce the aggregate bag limit for grouper and tile fish; reduce the bag limit for gag or black grouper combined; reduce the bag limit for vermilion snapper; prohibit captain and crew of a vessel operating as a charter vessel or head boat from retaining any fish under the aggregate bag limit for grouper and tile fish or the vermilion snapper bag limit; establish semiannual quotas for the commercial vermilion snapper fishery; establish a quota for the commercial gag fishery; establish restrictions on the possession, sale, and purchase of gag and associated grouper species after the gag commercial quota is reached; and require possession of a venting tool and hooking device on board a vessel when fishing for South Atlantic snapper- grouper and use of such tools as needed to accomplish In addition, Amendment 16 proposes, for both gag and vermilion snapper, to revise the definitions of maximum sustainable yield (May) and optimum yield (Of), specify total allowable catch (TAC), and establish interim allocations of Tags for the recreational and commercial sectors.

Amendment 16 also proposes to specify a minimum stock size threshold (Most) for gag and, for the new assessment, for vermilion snapper. The intended effects of this proposed rule are to end overfishing of gag and vermilion snapper, protect shallow-water grouper during their spawning season, and reduce by catch of snapper- grouper species in the South Atlantic.

DATES: Written comments on this proposed rule must be received no later than 5 p.m., eastern time, on March 9, 2009. Mail: John McGovern, Southeast Regional Office, NFS, 263 13th Avenue South, St. Petersburg, FL 33701.

Instructions: All comments received are a part of the public record and will generally be posted to http://www.regulations.gov without change. You may submit attachments to electronic comments in Microsoft Word, Excel, WordPerfect, or Adobe PDF file formats only.

(Source: seasourceimports.com)

Fishery Management Council, 4055 Faber Place, Suite 201, North Charleston, SC 29405; phone: 843-571-4366 or 866-SAFMC-10 (toll free); fax: 843-769-4520; e-mail: safmc@safmc.net.

The Magnuson-Stevens Act requires NFS and regional fishery management councils to prevent overfishing and achieve, on a continuing basis, optimum yield for federally managed fish stocks. These mandates are intended to ensure that fishery resources are managed for the greatest overall benefit to the nation, particularly with respect to providing food production and recreational opportunities, and protecting marine ecosystems.

Stevens Act requires fishery managers to specify their strategy to rebuild overfished stocks to a sustainable level within a certain time frame, and to minimize by catch and by catch mortality to the extent practicable. The Council was also notified on June 12, 2007, that vermilion snapper was experiencing overfishing.

In addition, Amendment 16 includes an action intended to reduce by catch mortality of snapper- grouper species. The total allowable catch (TAC) levels for gag and for vermilion snapper are based on projections provided by the Sedan assessment for these species.

The Tags are based on a yield associated with 75 percent of the fishing mortality rate that will produce May, as recommended by the Council's Scientific and Statistical Committee. The Council recommended reduced recreational harvest for both gag and vermilion snapper.

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(Source: outdoors360.com)

Necessary reductions in harvest are expected to be achieved through the proposed seasonal closures and modifications to bag limits. The needed reduction in recreational gag harvest is determined by applying the Council's preferred allocation of 49 percent to the TAC identified in the Sedan assessment.

This would result in a harvest reduction of 37 percent when compared to average 2004-2006 landings. The necessary reduction in recreational vermilion snapper harvest is determined by applying the Council's preferred allocation of 32 percent to the TAC identified in the Sedan assessment.

This would result in a harvest reduction of 47 percent when compared to average 2004-2006 landings. This proposed rule would reduce quotas for both gag and vermilion snapper.

The proposed quota for gag is based on the Council's preferred interim allocation of 51 percent, which would be applied to the TAC specified in the Sedan assessment. The proposed quota for vermilion snapper is based on the Council's preferred allocation of 68 percent, which would be applied to the TAC specified in the Sedan assessment.

The proposed rule would establish a vermilion snapper quota of 315,523 lb (143,119 kg) gutted weight from This would result in a harvest reduction of 29 percent compared to average 2004-2006 landings.

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(Source: marinecreations.homestead.com)

This proposed rule would establish a 4-month (January-April) spawning season closure of the recreational and commercial fisheries for gag, black During this closure, no person may fish for, harvest, or possess these species in or from the South Atlantic exclusive economic zone (EEA).

In addition, for a person aboard a vessel for which a valid Federal commercial or charter vessel/head boat permit for South Atlantic snapper grouper has been issued, the provisions of this closure would apply regardless of where these species were harvested, i.e., in state or Federal waters. These species are particularly vulnerable to fishing pressure because they are long-lived, change sex, and some species form spawning aggregations where the largest and oldest individuals can be selectively removed by fishing gear.

January through April spawning season closure could have positive biological effects including protecting spawning aggregations, increasing the percentage of males, enhancing reproductive success, and increasing the magnitude of recruitment. This proposed rule would establish a recreational seasonal closure for vermilion snapper in or from the South Atlantic EEA from November 1 through March 31, each year.

During this closure, the bag and possession limit for vermilion snapper in or from the South Atlantic In addition, for a person on board a vessel for which a valid Federal charter vessel/head boat permit for South Atlantic snapper- grouper has been issued, the provisions of this closure would apply regardless of whether the fish are harvested in state or Federal waters.

This proposed rule would reduce the recreational bag limits for the grouper aggregate, gag, black grouper, and vermilion snapper. This proposed rule includes an action intended to reduce recreational and commercial by catch mortality by requiring the use of venting tools and hooking devices for a person on board a vessel fishing for snapper- grouper species.

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(Source: www.spearblog.com)

The Council intends for venting tools only to be used as required, i.e., when there is evidence of embolism. A venting tool can be any hollow, sharpened instrument that allows gases to escape.

Ice picks and knives are not suitable and will likely contribute to mortality of released fish. Hookers would not have to be used if it is safer for the fish and the angler to cut the line rather than remove a deeply embedded hook.

Additional background and rationale for the measures discussed above are contained in Amendment 16. The availability of Amendment 16 was announced in the Federal Register on December 24, 2008 (73 FR 79037).

NFS Assistant Administrator has determined that this proposed rule is consistent with Amendment 16, the Magnuson-Stevens Act, and other applicable law, subject to further consideration after public comment. This proposed rule has been determined to be not significant for purposes of Executive Order 12866.

The Council prepared an Fees for Amendment 16; a notice of availability was published on November 7, 2008 (73 FR 66242). The IRFA describes the economic impact this proposed rule, if adopted, would have on small entities.

grouper lobster
(Source: www.supremelobster.com)

In addition to the measures directly affecting gag, other shallow- water grouper, and vermilion snapper, the proposed rule would also require a person on board a vessel to use venting and hooking tools when fishing for snapper- grouper species. The proposed rule would be expected to directly affect vessels that operate in the South Atlantic commercial and for-hire snapper- grouper fisheries.

The Small Business Administration (SBA) has established size criteria for all major industry sectors in the U.S. including fish harvesters and for-hire operations. For for-hire operations, the other qualifiers apply and the annual receipts' threshold is $7 million (Nails code 713990, recreational industries).

South Atlantic snapper- grouper fishery, and a two-tier license limitation program has been in effect since 1998. Over this period, an average of 1,101 vessels per year were permitted to operate in the commercial snapper- grouper fishery.

However, only an average of 922 vessels per year had recorded landings of snapper- grouper species. As such, the revenues from these fisheries cannot be determined with these data and are not reflected in the totals provided above.

Total dockside revenues from all snapper- grouper species and other species on trips that harvested gag averaged approximately $5.74 million (2005 dollars) over this period, resulting in a per vessel average of approximately Total dockside revenues from all snapper- grouper species and all other species on trips that harvested vermilion snapper averaged approximately $6.98 million (2005 dollars) over this period, resulting in a per vessel average of approximately $26,950.

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(Source: www.chefs-resources.com)

The charter boat annual average gross revenue (in 2005 dollars) is estimated to range from approximately $62,000-$84,000 for Florida vessels, $73,000-$89,000 for Some fleet activity may exist in both the commercial and for-hire snapper- grouper sectors, but the extent of such is unknown and all vessels are treated in this analysis as independent entities.

Based on the average revenue figures provided above, it is determined for the purpose of this analysis that all commercial and for-hire operations that would be affected by this proposed rule are small entities. The measures in this amendment would reduce harvest and associated revenues and net profits of affected small entities.

However, a meaningful method for determining how to apportion the expected reduction in producer surplus among the vessels in the fleet has not been identified. The proposed vermilion snapper management measures are expected to reduce annual operating revenues to commercial vessels that harvest snapper- grouper by approximately $1.62 million.

Based on an average of 259 vessels per year with recorded vermilion snapper landings and 922 vessels per year with recorded snapper- grouper landings, this reduction in net revenue results in an average of Similar to the discussion on the gag and other shallow-water grouper management measures, a meaningful method for determining how to apportion the expected reduction in producer surplus among the 1,456 vessels in the fleet has not been identified.

The proposed requirement to use venting and hooking tools to reduce the by catch of snapper- grouper is expected to increase gear costs by less than $15 per vessel. Many fishermen would not be expected to incur any new gear costs since the possession and use of venting tools and hooking devices is already widespread.

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(Source: destinationfloridakeys.com)

Because a TAC is required to make management determinations, the no action alternative would not achieve the Council's objective. The other two alternatives to the proposed action would result in higher allocations to the commercial sector than the proposed action and, thus, would result in lower adverse economic impacts on the commercial small entities.

However, these alternatives would increase the adverse impacts on the recreational sector (for-hire businesses). The overall net effects of the alternative allocations cannot be estimated at this time due to the absence of appropriate data and comparable commercial and recreational models.

Atlantic states, the total reduction in economic value is expected to be greater than that of the proposed action. The second commercial alternative to the proposed action would establish a 1,000-lb (454-kg) trip limit.

This alternative is expected to result in greater adverse economic effects than the proposed action. As a result, this alternative would increase the adverse economic effects on the recreational sector.

This alternative would establish special management regulations for waters off Monroe County, Florida. This alternative is expected to result in greater adverse economic effects on entities in the commercial sector than the proposed action and have only minor economic effects on entities in the recreational sector.

(Source: emerils.com)

Because a TAC is required to make management determinations, the no action alternative would not achieve the Council's objective. The no action alternative would not achieve the Council's objective of ending overfishing of vermilion snapper.

The first of these alternatives addresses the seasonal allocation of the commercial quota and contains two sub-alternatives. This alternative is expected to result in greater adverse economic impacts on commercial entities than the proposed action.

The second alternative to the proposed action that would apply only to the commercial sector would establish a 1,000-lb (454-kg) trip limit and a May 1st start to the fishing year Relative to the proposed action, this alternative is expected to result in slightly lower adverse economic effects for vessel trips landing at least 1.0 lb (0.45 kg) of vermilion snapper, but the Council did not choose this alternative because it would alter the distribution of harvests across the various areas.

The remaining two alternatives would maintain the zero bag limit for captain and crew like the proposed action. The Council believed, however, that this alternative would have lower probability of achieving the target reduction in recreational harvest than the proposed action.

The second of these two alternatives would maintain the same size limit as the proposed action but would establish a lower bag limit and longer seasonal closure, resulting in greater adverse economic impacts than the proposed action. Overall, the Council believes that the proposed bag limit and seasonal closure, while maintaining the current size limit, will provide a higher probability of achieving the target reduction in recreational harvest at a reasonably acceptable economic cost to small entities.

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(Source: dreamstime.com)

In addition to the requirement of the proposed action for vessels fishing for snapper- grouper to possess hooking devices and venting tools, the second alternative to the proposed action would also require the use of circle hooks. This alternative would be expected to adversely affect the harvest of certain target species because the morphology of their mouths and biting habits would not allow circle hooks to be an effective harvest gear.

Although the application of the new by catch reduction requirements to a single sector would reduce the adverse economic effects for the exempted sector, the overall benefits of by catch reduction would be lower. In addition to the actions discussed above, Amendment 16 considered alternatives to establish management reference points and stock status criteria for gag and vermilion snapper.

For both gag and vermilion snapper, the proposed management reference points are such that May would be equated to the yield produced at FMS, Equated to the fishing mortality rate specified in the rebuilding plan when the stock is overfished or at 75 percent of FMSYwhen the stock is rebuilt, and Of equated to the yield produced at For. In terms of economic effects, these management reference points only have meaningful content when evaluated through the management measures proposed to restrict gag and vermilion snapper to the allowable harvest levels.

All Of levels, including the proposed action, would result in relatively restrictive management measures. However, the proposed Of is expected to provide the best balance between short-term adverse economic impacts and long-term protection to the stock.

In addition, for a person on board a vessel for which a valid Federal commercial or charter vessel/head boat permit for South Atlantic EEA is closed from November 1 through March 31, each year.

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(Source: abc7news.com)

At least one hooking device is required and must be used as needed to remove hooks embedded in South Atlantic snapper- grouper with minimum damage. At least one venting tool is required and must be used as needed to deflate the swim bladders of South Atlantic snapper- grouper to release the fish with minimum damage.

The venting tool must be inserted into the fish at a 45-degree angle in a forward direction approximately 1 to 2 inches (2.54 to 5.08 cm) from the base of the pectoral fin. (5) South Atlantic gag, greater amber jack, snowy grouper, golden tile fish, vermilion snapper, black sea bass, and red porgy.

622.39(d)(2) apply to all harvest or possession of the applicable species in or from the South Atlantic (ii) The bag and possession limits for the applicable species and the prohibition on sale/purchase apply in the South Atlantic on board a vessel for which a valid Federal commercial or charter vessel/head boat permit for South Atlantic snapper- grouper has been issued, without regard to where such species were harvested, i.e., in state or Federal waters.

(iii) The port and date of offloading from the vessel harvesting such fish, and; (iv) A statement signed by the dealer attesting that such fish was harvested from an area other than the South Atlantic.

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Sources
1 shop.blacktiph.com - https://shop.blacktiph.com/products/blacktiph-performance-short-sleeve-grumpy-grouper-featuring-steve-diossy-art
2 www.pch.com - https://www.pch.com/good-life/fishing/blacktiph-and-dude-perfect-team-up-to-battle-monstrous-goliath-groupers
3 www.espn.com - https://www.espn.com/blog/jacksonville-jaguars/post/_/id/28362/jaguars-ot-jawaan-taylor-hooks-fish-thats-bigger-than-him
4 www.express.co.uk - https://www.express.co.uk/news/world/1211809/shark-news-latest-great-white-attack-goliath-grouper-fish-atlantic-USA
5 www.centredaily.com - https://www.centredaily.com/news/nation-world/national/article247515740.html
6 tv5.espn.com - https://tv5.espn.com/blog/jacksonville-jaguars/post/_/id/28362/jaguars-ot-jawaan-taylor-hooks-fish-thats-bigger-than-him
7 www.newsmax.com - https://www.newsmax.com/TheWire/wilson-chandler-denver-nuggets-fish-grouper/2016/08/24/id/744946/
8 www.dailymotion.com - https://www.dailymotion.com/video/x61pcl2