If you don’t have a reliable source for fresh grouper, consider buying the frozen product. Its high levels of oil help it maintain a lovely moist texture even if it’s a little over-cooked.
It’s also tasty eaten on its own, on skewers, with a zesty lemon marinade, a creamy tartare sauce, or a combination of butter, garlic, and lime juice. The debate for whether grouper is best eaten with batter, crumbed, floured, or with nothing added will always rage on.
Blackening is a quick and straightforward method that produces moist fish encased in a flavor-packed coating. Although blackening is suited to outdoor grilling, you can also cook the fish in the oven or fry it in a pan.
Preheat a large skillet on the grill or stove top on high heat for at least 10 minutes. Rinse the fish fillets in cold water, then pat dry with paper towels.
Once all the ingredients are evenly distributed, transfer the mixture to a platter or large plate. Add olive oil to the skillet then cook the grouper on a high heat, covered.
Garlic tarragon basil thyme oregano paprika cayenne parsley As groupers are a reef-dwelling fish, they have the potential to be contaminated by toxins, which can lead to Ciguatera poisoning.
Your best option to avoid getting sick is to check with the seller if the fish comes from a hotspot for Ciguatera. Some problem areas include the Caribbean Sea, Hawaii, and coastal Central America.
It is prized for its moist meat that easily flakes into big chunks once cooked. Grouper is considered to be a white fish, along with haddock, catfish, tilapia, and snapper.
It’s relatively high oil content makes it a simple fish to avoid overcooking. It is a blank canvas that allows the creative cook to pair exciting ingredients with the fish.
If you enjoy fish that isn’t too full of flavor then you might also like to check out our sea bass guide. The red snapper is named for the way it suddenly and forcibly opens and shuts its jaws when dying.
But they will settle for crabs, squid, worms, mollusks, and algae. They usually remain near the coast during the summer and move offshore as fall arrives.
Unfortunately, this creature is one of about 300 species that can cause a painful type of food poisoning, called ciguatera. Scientists think ciguatera is caused when the red snapper eats a type of poisonous blue-green algae.
Experts still don’t know when or where a rare outbreak of ciguatera will strike. Grouper, any of the large family of fish also commonly known as sea bass.
Although the approximately 400 species of groupers vary greatly, most have several features in common. The pelvic fins, which have a spine and five soft rays, are well forward on the belly.
Adult groupers vary from a few inches in length and several ounces in weight to gigantic proportions. The largest species is probably the Queensland grouper (Promiscuous lanceolatus) of Australia; the biggest on record was 12 feet (3.5 meters) long and weighed 1,000 pounds (454 kg).
Larger groupers tend to be drab; smaller ones are often brightly colored and patterned. Red grouper is available year-round with peak catches in the Atlantic and Gulf of Mexico occurring during the summer and fall.
Red grouper flesh is white and lean with a notable lack of bones, and is very forgiving when cooked as it remains moist, firm, and has large flakes. Red grouper is considered the best tasting grouper with a distinct shellfish finish due to its diet.
Biology Red grouper grow slowly and can reach up to 50 inches in length and weigh up to 50 pounds. Red grouper are protogynous hermaphrodites, meaning they all begin life as a female and eventually some may transform into males.
Red grouper have large mouths with a slight under-bite, which allows them to eat their prey whole by dilating their gill covers and rapidly inhaling. Species Habitat Red grouper are found in the western Atlantic Ocean with ranges extending from Massachusetts through the Gulf of Mexico and south to Brazil.
Red grouper act as “marine engineers” in their ecosystem by hollowing out flat-bottomed areas to create their home and attract mates. This process provides habitat to other species such as spiny lobster, black grouper, red porgy, and vermilion snapper.
Allocates an annual catch limit between commercial (76 percent) and recreational (24 percent) fishers Restricts certain gear types to reduce by catch Sets minimum size restrictions to protect immature red grouper Establishes year round and seasonal area closures for both commercial and recreational fishers to protect spawning stock and essential fish habitat The If program allocates shares of the total commercial catch limit amongst individual fishers.
Under the program, each fisher owns a share of the quota and can choose to fish it at anytime during the open season. Strict commercial reporting requirements prevent fishers from harvesting more than their individual allocation.
The Reef Fish FMP has been a success in allowing red grouper populations to bounce back from overfishing that had occurred on and off in the Gulf since the 1970s. They are fairly long-lived and come together to spawn in large numbers, characteristics that make them vulnerable to fishing pressure.
The Gulf of Mexico population in the was declared overfished in 2000 and then was rebuilt to target levels in 2007, according to the U.S. National Marine Fisheries Service. The South Atlantic stock is no longer overfished, but a 2010 assessment showed it hasn’t been fully rebuilt.
Grouper fisheries have high impacts on nontarget species, the Monterey Bay Aquarium reported. In the United States, red grouper management measures include permits, annual catch limits, fishing quotas, marine protected areas that are closed to fishing, seasonal closures, gear restrictions, minimum size limits, and data reporting requirements.
The majority of media and political attention is focused on red snapper, but there are several other reef fish in the Gulf of Mexico that are of commercial and recreational importance. Fishermen are putting our heads together to independently address this issue instead of waiting for politics and management to catch up.
Are we catching less red grouper because the red snapper population has expanded as it recovers? Thanks to successful management under the Magnuson-Stevens Act, red snapper populations are rebounding and their range is expanding.
Solving the problem of a declining of red grouper population is not going to be an easy task, but I have confidence that our collaboration between industry, scientists, and managers, together with the best-available science mandated by Magnuson-Stevens, can successfully recover the red grouper fishery. Paul Lough ridge is a commercial fisherman and owner of four boats out of Crystal River, Florida.